How to Write an Introduction • Introduction Song • Introduction, Introduction, • Tells us what it’s all about, • Introduction, Introduction, • Does it have a thesis now? • Introduction, • Grabs the reader’s attention in a big, big way • Where does the thesis go? • Last!
INTRODUCTION:Grabsthe reader’s attention, tells the reader what is coming next, organizes the five paragraph essay, and has a thesis. THESIS: Tells the main idea of the whole paper, indicates the order of the body paragraphs, is supported by every paragraph in the paper, and is the last sentenceof the introduction. For Example: Pollution affects the wildlife in our skies and forests, as well as our oceans.
TYPES OF INTRODUCTIONS Restatement Introduction – merely repeats information from the prompt or writing assignment. It is the minimal level an introduction should take. Exclamatory Introduction – attempts to grab the reader’s attention so they will want to read on. Descriptive Introduction – describes the scene and helps create the mood of the essay. Quotation Introduction – begins the paper with a quotation that connects to the essence of your subject. Exclamatory/Descriptive Introduction – Does It All! It can be used in every form of writing.
Restatement Intro One way is to restate the prompt or assignment (if you are given a specific one) in your own words and then go on with the essay. This is not the best way to write an introduction, but it will work. Prompt: Friends are important in people’s lives. Select a close friend whom you know well. Tell what qualities you admire about your friend and give examples to support your choice. Example: David is an important part of my life, and we have shared many memorable experiences together.
Exclamatory Intro You need to GRAB the reader’s attention so he or she will read the rest of your paper. This kind will GRAB the reader by the arm and say “Wow! You can’t miss this!” You need to set the tone of your paper so that the reader will want to read and enjoy what you write. Example: My Friend David actually fell for it. He took a dare from the guys in his theater arts class to stand on a bench at lunch and sing the school fight song.
Descriptive Intro Start the pictures going and helps create the mood. It describes what is going on, how things look, and may even provide some auditory experiences. Descriptive introductions include sensory details and figurative language. Example: The small streak of yellow raced up the sidewalk and immediately began to lick my face. He leaped into my sister’s arms, and his curly tail whirled like a propeller.
Quotation Intro Begin this introduction with a quotation. Quotations that relate to your subject can be found in song lyrics, poetry, Bartlett’s Famous Quotations, and the internet. Example: “There’ve been times I’m so confused. All my roads lead to you,” (Sister Hazel). It seems that in the last three years all my roads have led to David. When my parents separated, he was the one person who could make me smile.
Exclamatory/Descriptive Intro This introduction GRABS the reader’s attention AND sets the mood. It makes it impossible for the reader to stop reading and draws him or her in by setting the mood. This is the best type of introduction you can write in an essay. It can also be the most challenging to write. Example: A noticeable hush came over the cafeteria. The rattling of paper and the hustle-bustle of the lunch lines stopped as David brazenly began to belt out “Go Cougars down the field.”
Advice for Body Paragraphs TOPIC SENTENCE: is the first sentence of each body paragraph, and expresses the main idea or purpose of a paragraph. All other sentences in the paragraph support that idea. Some tips for making the topic sentence more interesting: 1. Use vivid detail. Ex: The earth cracked like a shattered plate when the earthquake hit. • 2. Ask a question. Ex: What is wrong with being called a couch potato. • 3. Talk to your readers. Ex: Imagine your worst nightmare. • 4. Include an interesting fact or statistic. Ex: The jungle in Cancun, Mexico, is so dense that you could be standing next to an ancient pyramid and not see it. • 5. Set the Scene. Ex: It’s 130 degrees Fahrenheit, and all you can see are red, rolling sand dunes. Welcome to Australia’s Great Sandy Desert.