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Exploring Point of View. First Person Point of View The narrator is one of the characters in the story. First person pronouns, such as I, me, my, and mine are used in telling the story. Since the narrator is a character in the story, he/she may not be completely reliable.

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Exploring point of view

ExploringPoint of View


Exploring point of view

  • First Person Point of View

  • The narrator is one of the characters in the story.

  • First person pronouns, such as I, me, my, and mine are used in telling the story.

  • Since the narrator is a character in the story, he/she may not be completely reliable.

  • We find out only what this character knows, thinks, and witnesses.


Exploring point of view

As I walked up the hill, I realized that the atmosphere was just too quiet. There was no sound from the cardinal who was nearly always singing from the top of the maple tree. I thought I saw a shadow move high up on the slope, but when I looked again it was gone. Still, I shuddered as I felt a silent threat pass over me like a cloud over the sun.


Exploring point of view

  • Second Person Point of View just too quiet. There was no sound from the cardinal who was nearly always singing from the top of the maple tree. I thought I saw a shadow move high up on the slope, but when I looked again it was gone. Still, I shuddered as I felt a silent threat pass over me like a cloud over the sun.

  • Second person pronouns such as you, your, and yours are used.

  • Most stories are not told in second person. It is reserved for items of personal address,such as letters.


Exploring point of view

As you walk up the hill, you realize that the atmosphere's just too quiet. There's no sound from the cardinal you know is almost always singing from the top of the maple tree. You think you see a shadow move high up on the slope, but when you look again it's gone. You shudder as you feel a silent threat pass over you. You feel cold, like a cloud just passed over the sun.


Exploring point of view

  • Third Person Objective just too quiet. There's no sound from the cardinal you know is almost always singing from the top of the maple tree. You think you see a shadow move high up on the slope, but when you look again it's gone. You shudder as you feel a silent threat pass over you. You feel cold, like a cloud just passed over the sun.

  • The narrator is not a character in the story.

  • Third person pronouns such as he, his, she, hers, it, its, they, and them are used in telling the story.

  • The narrator is an observer who can only tell what is said and done.

  • The narrator cannot see into the minds of any of the characters.

  • We find out only what the characters say and do.


Exploring point of view

The girl walked up the quiet hillside. just too quiet. There's no sound from the cardinal you know is almost always singing from the top of the maple tree. You think you see a shadow move high up on the slope, but when you look again it's gone. You shudder as you feel a silent threat pass over you. You feel cold, like a cloud just passed over the sun.

            In the top of the maple tree, the cardinal tipped his head back and drew breath to sing. A dead branch cracked on the ground below the bird's perch.

            The man stepped on the branch and rattled the blades of grass as he moved behind the tree. He watched the girl come up the hillside toward him.

            Her gaze shifted quickly and warily from one shadowy area high on the slope to another, and she shuddered.


Exploring point of view

  • Third Person Limited just too quiet. There's no sound from the cardinal you know is almost always singing from the top of the maple tree. You think you see a shadow move high up on the slope, but when you look again it's gone. You shudder as you feel a silent threat pass over you. You feel cold, like a cloud just passed over the sun.

  • The narrator is not a character in the story.

  • Third person pronouns such as he, his, she, hers, it, its, they, and them are used in telling the story.

  • The narrator tells the story from the vantage point of one character.

  • The narrator can see into this character’s mind, but not any of the other characters.

  • We find out only what this character does, knows, thinks, and witnesses.


Exploring point of view

As the girl walked up the hill, she realized that the atmosphere was just too quiet.

            The cardinal tipped his head back and drew breath to sing, but just as the first note passed his beak he heard the crack of a dead branch far below his perch high in the maple tree. Startled, he looked down, cocking his head to one side and watching with great interest while the man rattled the blades of grass as he tried to hide himself behind the tree.

            As the man saw her start up the hill, he moved quickly into the shelter of the huge old maple tree. If she saw him now, everything would be ruined.

            She thought she saw a shadow move high up on the slope, but when she looked again it was gone.

            The man thought if he could stay hidden until she came within range, she'd have to talk to him. Wouldn't she?

            The girl shuddered as she felt a silent threat pass over her. It felt like a cloud creeping over the sun.


Exploring point of view

Third person Omniscient atmosphere was just too quiet.

  • The narrator is all-knowing

  • The narrator can include thoughts and perspective of all characters

  • It’s as if the narrator is in the minds of ALL the characters

  • I imagine this POV having the "camera" floating around the ceiling somewhere - able to see all, even into everybody's thoughts.


Exploring point of view

An example might make this clearer atmosphere was just too quiet.:

John laughed hollowly. “You’re joking,” he said, wondering how on earth he would ever get over this.Veronica shook her head slowly. Her heart was breaking at having to tell him this news.John stood up and banged his fist against the wall, hard, once, but that did nothing to disperse the fury coursing through him. He still couldn’t believe it. “I’ll have to leave now,” he said, thinking that he couldn’t bear to stay there another moment.Veronica nodded slowly. He was upset now, but she knew he'd get over it.

You see the way we knew what both characters were thinking, even within the same scene?


The end

The End!!!! atmosphere was just too quiet.