COMPREHENSIVE OD INTERVENTIONS . INTRODUCTION . Comprehensive interventions are those in which the total organization is involved and depth of the cultural change Is addressed. Phrases like “ getting the whole system in the room ” are appearing in greater OD practice.
The steps involved in confrontation meeting are as follows:
3. Information sharing (1 hour). Reporters from each small group reports the group’s complete findings to the total group, which are placed on newsprint on the walls. The total list of items is characterized usually by the meeting leader, into few major categories that may be based on type of problems (e.g.. Communication problems), type of relationships (e.g.. Troubles with top management), or type of area (e.g. problems with the accounting deptt.)
4. Priority setting & Goal Action Planning (1 hour and 15 min.). This step typically follows a break during which time the items from the lists are duplicated for distribution to everyone. In a 15 min general session, the meeting leader goes to the list of items. The groups are asked to do three tasks. First they are to identify the problems they think should be the priority issues for top mgt. Second to find the solutions to the problems. Third, they are to determine how they will communicate the results of the confrontation meeting to their subordinates . This activity completes the confrontation meeting for all the managers except for the top mgt. group.
5. Immediate follow up by top team (1 to 3 hours). The top mgt team meets the rest of the participants have left to plan the first follow-up actions steps and to determine what actions should be taken on the basis of what they have learned during the day. These follow up action plans are communicated to the rest of the mgt group within several days.
6. Progress Review (2 hours). A follow up meeting with the total mgt group is held 4-6 weeks later to the report progress and to review the actions resulting from the confrontation meeting.
a) Organizing arrangements- goals, structure, policies etc.
b) Social factors- Culture, mgt style, interaction process etc.
c) Technology- tools, equipment, job design, technical systems.
d) Physical Setting- space configuration, physical ambience, interior design etc.
a) Concern for people
b) Concern for production
Phase 1: The Managerial Grid- Grid seminar is conducted by the company manager. Attention is given to assessing an individual’s managerial styles; problem solving; and communication skills etc.
Phase 2: Teamwork Development- The goal is perfecting teamwork in the organization through analysis of team culture, traditions etc.. Feedback given to each manager about their individual team behavior .
Phase 3: Intergroup Development- The goal is to move groups from their ineffective ways towards an ideal model.The phase includes building operational plans for moving the two groups.