Il Nome • Che divertimento!
Il Nome Italiano • What is a noun? Che cos’e’ un nome? • In Italian, nouns are different for several reasons, but most importantly for gender and articles.
Il Nome Italiano - Gender • The Italian noun, unlike the English noun, has a gender, masculine or feminine. • Those nouns that refer specifically for a man, such as father, brother, etc. are masculine. • Those nouns that refer to a woman, such as mother, sister, etc are feminine.
Il Nome • For all other nouns, we have to learn the gender. How do we do this? • We look at the ending.
Il Nome • Almost all nouns that end in o are masculine. • Ex - • monumento • museo • edificio • albergo • teatro • stadio
Il Nome • Almost all nouns that end in a are feminine. • Ex- • strada • fontana • chiesa • banca • farmacia • macchina
Il Nome - Other Endings • Ok, now for the difficult part. There are many Italian nouns that don’t end in o or a. • Besides o or a, nouns will also end in e or a consonant like r or m. In addition, you will also see nouns that end in a’. Lastly, you will see nouns that appear masculine/feminine, but are shortened versions. • Here is the breakdown for the rest of the noun endings.
Il Nome - Ending in E • If a noun ends in e, it could be masculine or feminine. Here are two tips to help you decide: • Nouns ending in -ore are masculine. • Nouns ending in -ione are feminine.
Examples • Masculine nouns ending in ore: • dottore • professore • scultore • Feminine nouns ending in ione: • conversazione • presentazione • stazione
Il Nome - Consonants • If a noun ends in a consonant, it’s masculine. • ex- • bar • autobus • sport
Il Nome - Exceptions • Some nounds, you honestly just have to memorize! • There are exceptions to every rule and we will discuss them as they come up. • So…to recap…..
Indefinite Articles • un • uno • un’ • una
Indefinite Articles - Masculine • un • most masculine nouns • ex - un libro, un treno, un poster • uno • for masculine nouns beginning with z, s + consonant, ps or gn • ex - uno studente, uno zio (uncle)
Indefinite Articles - Feminine • un’ • for feminine nouns beginning with a vowel • ex - un’universita’, un’amica • una • for feminine nouns • ex - una casa, una stazione
Ripassiamo • ___ ragazzo • ___ studio • ___ zia • ___ automobile • ___ zio • ___ albero