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GEO and Drought Monitoring Activities (A water cycle perspective). NASA Global Drought Monitoring Workshop Silver Spring, MD April 12, 2001. The Primary Framework: GEOSS: A Global, Coordinated, Comprehensive and Sustained System of Observing Systems. Relevant Facts:
(A water cycle perspective)
NASA Global Drought
Silver Spring, MD
April 12, 2001
Comprehensive and Sustained System of Observing Systems
The Water Target
By 2015, produce comprehensive sets
of data, information products and
Services to support decision-making
for efficient management of the world's
water resources, based on coordinated,
sustained observations of the water
cycle on multiple scales.
of IGOS-P became the IGWCO Community of Practice within
the GEO framework
in the 2009-2011 Work Plan
Task WA-08-01 stimulates the development of new WC products
Task WA-06-02 addresses the use of these data for assessments and early warning
Task WA-06-07 disseminates data products and decisions support systems to the world
GEO Task WA-06-02b
Co- Leads: Canada, USA and WCRP
Tracking and analyzing impacts from drought (including feedbacks such as soil drying) will provide a tangible and practical demonstration of the value of integrated water cycle observations by developing a full and operational data cycle of environmental information from “producer-to-consumer” / “source to sink,” and exploring the application of data products in the Water and Agriculture societal benefit areas.
(from M. Svaboda)
Yield 5-Yr Avg = 33.8 bu/acre
Production 5-Yr Avg = 13.9 MT
Area 5-Yr Avg = 15.0 mln/acres
and drought monitoring from NDMC
1) Both impacts and monitoring
aspects of drought must be looked at
simultaneously to understand the scope
2) In order to provide more comprehensive drought
monitoring a broad categorization is needed.
3) To meet the needs of governments special overlays are often needed (portray information by constituency).
4) Drought reporting creates opportunities for “citizen science”.
Water erosion in EU
115 million ha
(12% total area)
Wind erosion in EU
42 million ha
(4% total area)
Organic C in european soils (0-30 cm), in relation with soil erosion
(Source: European Commission, 2004. Reports of the Technical Working Groups, II)
GEO-DRI Drought Monitoring Workshop
May 10-11, 2010, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)
research projects with finite duration can be integrated
DRI data legacy system has brought data sets together to produce an
analysis systems that will allow users to identify the characteristics
of the drought over the region during the 1999-2005 time period.
Prototype Regional Drought Early Warning Test Beds GEO Task WA-06-02dCo- Leads: USA, WMO, and CanadaChad McNutt, Roger Pulwarty, Mike Brewer
Explore expanding the concepts of
the North American Drought
Monitor and the drought portal
through prototyping drought
early warning test bed activities
in specific international river basins,
such as on the US-Canada border,
basins in Central America and the
Caribbean, the Mediterranean, and
other drought-sensitive regions.
18 River Basins for Initial Demonstration
Initiative (AfWCCI) Symposium (Feb. 2011, Ethiopia)
The AfWCCI plans to launch two studies in
Transboundary African River Basins to explore
how the application of GEO principles
could benefit the management of River Basins
where there is usually limited access to data and
A GEO Water Cycle Workshop for the Americas was held in Lima Peru at ‘CONIDA’ (the Peru ‘National Aerospace & Development Commission’), Nov. 30 to Dec. 4, 2009
Some Workshop Outcomes:
1) Adynamic web site has been developed for listing of data sets & services, project summaries with interactive capabilities.
2) Launched a “Coaliciónpara la InformaciónEspacial e
Hidrológica en Latinoamérica y el Caribe” (‘CIEHLYC’). Includes reps from Argentina, Mexico, Columbia, Haiti, Brazil, USA & Canada. Petition to GEO in the Americas to be a formal Working Group.
3) A ‘Water Cycle Federation of America’ to help integrate existing projects and develop new projects and initiatives. Issues identified including floods, droughts, glacier retreat & climate impacts.
MODIS Land Cover Change
La Plata Basin Area Flooding
1. Disaster management systems (e.g. deliver space data to those affected by natural or man-made disasters; integrate baseline geographic information, and reference maps with real-time data from satellite or in-situ platforms into online Graphical User Interface and Decision Support System tools; develop collaborative, distribute management systems to collect, store, analyze, visualize and disseminate crucial data and information for vulnerability and risk assessment)
2. Sustainable and integrated geohazards risk assessment (e.g. promote retrieval and systematic access to remote sensing & in-situ data in selected regional areas exposed to geological threats (“Supersites”); improve the global coordination of seismographic networks; support global vulnerability modelling and mapping)
3. A global flood monitoring and early warning system (e.g. integrate regional flood information in a comprehensive framework (visualization in near real time); couple hydrological and Numerical Weather Prediction models)
4. A global drought information system (e.g. integrate regional drought information (indices and impact indicators) in a comprehensive framework (composite index and maps))
5. A global wildland fire warning system (e.g. develop improved fire-weather and fire-behavior prediction capabilities, analysis tools and response-support through satellite and in-situ sensors, vegetation models and risk-assessment models)
6. A global tsunami early warning system (e.g. develop mechanisms for real-time data sharing including seismic and sea-level (deep ocean and tide-gauge data) broadcasting systems and emergency plans). To be implemented in connection with DS-04 (Ocean Monitoring)
Plans for GEO global drought monitoring in the 2012-2015
GEO Work Plan are still under development. Recommendations
from this workshop have potential to contribute to this
work plan task.