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Building corresponding technical infrastructures to support sustainable development and trade in developing countries and countries in transition. Joint Committee on co-ordination of technical assistance to Developing Countries in Metrology, Accreditation and Standardization (JCDCMAS).
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Building corresponding technical infrastructures to support sustainable development and trade in developing countries and countries in transitionJoint Committee onco-ordination of technical assistance to Developing Countries in Metrology, Accreditation and Standardization(JCDCMAS)
To achieve sustainable development and to participate in international trade, countries need the following technical infrastructure:
Active participation in international metrology, standardisation and accreditation organisations is an essential element of capacity development
Voluntary international standards are important in sustainable development through the promotion of safety, quality and technical compatibility
International standardisation organisations in JCDCMAS:
Developing countries need access to standardization infrastructures to engage in the global trading system
Increasing globalization of markets means international standards (as opposed to regional or national standards) are needed to ensure:
Standards can be broadly sub-divided into three categories:
characteristics (quality, safety, etc.) that goods should possess
conditions under which products and services are to be produced, packaged or refined
assist organizations to manage their operations. Help create framework to allow the organization to consistently achieve requirements set out in product and process standards
Conformity assessment procedures (testing, inspection and certification) offer assurance that products fulfill requirements specified in regulations and standards. They may:
Conformity assessment plays a critical role in sustainable development and trade and developing countries must decide:
based on a risk assessment for a particular product or process, and on an understanding of the impact the associated costs and benefits will have on achieving sustainable development
A 1996 OECD study showed that the cost of standards, technical regulations, testing and compliance certification, is between 2 % and 10 % of overall production costs
“third-party attestation related to a conformity assessment body conveying formal demonstration of its competence to carry out specific conformity assessment tasks” (ISO/IEC 17000)
"…verified compliance, for instance through accreditation, with relevant guides or recommendations issued by international standardizing bodies shall be taken into account as an indication of adequate technical competence." Section 6.1.1 of the TBT Agreement
For developing countries:
For sustainable development and trade purposes it is important:
To provide for a composite approach to developing technical infrastructures, the JCDCMAS members recommend that assistance be based on: