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WEB Du Bois. 5.04 Compare and contrast the African American political and legal personalities of the time period and their impact on American society. William Edward Burghardt Du Bois. Born in Great Barrington Massachusetts on February 23, 1868

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5.04 Compare and contrast the African American political and legal personalities of the time period and their impact on American society.

william edward burghardt du bois
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • Born in Great Barrington Massachusetts on February 23, 1868
  • Later that year his father left town and never returned
  • Du Bois studied and worshipped with whites
  • He was the first African-American to graduate from his high school; he did so with high honors in 1884
  • His mother died in 1885
william edward burghardt du bois1
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • Whites from Great Barrington churches paid for Du Bois’s schooling
  • He wanted to attend Harvard but chose instead to attend Fisk, one of the top black colleges in the US
  • In the South Du Bois encountered violent racism and found himself with new understanding of black poverty and suffering
  • Writes on the economic basis of racism in rural Tennessee
fisk university
Fisk University
  • Jubilee hall is the oldest building of higher education for African-Americans.
william edward burghardt du bois2
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • Graduated from Fisk in 1888, enrolled in Harvard
  • Received second bachelor’s and continued graduate study in history
  • William James, George Santana, Albert Bushnell Hart, and Frank Taussig mentored Du Bois in philosophy, history, and economics
  • In 1892 Du Bois traveled to Berlin to study sociology and economics at Fredrich Wilhelm University
william edward burghardt du bois3
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • Used immense intelligence to assault white supremacy upon return to Harvard
  • Du Bois became the first African-American to earn a Ph.D. in history from Harvard
  • His thesis was The Suppression of the African Slave Trade to the United States
  • After a year of research in Philadelphia he writes The Philadelphia Negro
  • Between 1897 and 1903has many essays published
paris exhibition
Paris Exhibition
  • Du Bois displayed hundreds of pictures of black doctors, lawyers, and ‘normal folk.”
william edward burghardt du bois souls of black folk
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois Souls of Black Folk
  • 1903 writes landmark at age 35
  • In 1903 there were 8 million African-Americans
  • Describes ‘veil’ separating black and white life
  • Describes ‘two-ness’ of being black yet American
  • Metaphor used by James Weldon Johnson’s The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man, Ralph Ellison’s Invisible Man, and Toni Morrison’s Beloved
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william edward burghardt du bois4
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • Niagara Movement formed to ensure civil rights
  • Founds NAACP and publishes The Crisis
  • The Crisis was one part shared outrage at injustice and one part high black art and education
  • Du Bois went to the Paris Peace Conference to champion the rights of Africans and African- Americans
  • Du Bois traveled to the USSR to ‘look into’ socialism; many in the NAACP were outraged
william edward burghardt du bois5
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • A conflict with NAACP secretary Walter White leads to Du Bois’s resignation in 1934
  • Attempts to complete The Encyclopedia of the Negro (later titled Encyclopedia Africana)
  • Efforts increased to fight colonial imperialism
  • Completes Reconstruction in America, Black Folk: Then and Now, Dusk of Dawn, An Autobiography of a Concept of Race, Color and Democracy: Colonies and Peace, and The World and Africa
william edward burghardt du bois6
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois
  • Accepts Kwame Nkrumah’s invitation and moves to the African country of Ghana
  • The day before the March on Washington (1963) Du Bois dies at the age of 94
  • Martin Luther King Jr. takes over as the most influential black political leader in the world!
  • The Encyclopedia Africana was completed by Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and Kwame Anthony Appiah in 1999
william edward burghardt du bois bibliography
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois Bibliography
  • Lewis, David Levering. W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919. N.Y. Henry Holt, 1993
  • _____. The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919-1963. N.Y Henry Holt, 2000.
  • Gates, Henry Louis, Jr., and Cornell West. The African-American Century, N.Y. The Free Press, 2000.

1. Who invited WEB DuBois to live in Ghana?

  • 2. When did DuBois die?
  • 3. Who helped Kwame Anthony Appiah complete the Encyclopedia Africana?
  • 4. Why did DuBois resign the NAACP?
  • 5. What DuBois’s landmark (published 1903)?
  • 6. What metaphor does DuBois use to explain the separation between black and white life?
  • 7. Where did DuBois get his first undergraduate degree? Ec. Concerning Harvard how does DuBois’s degree differ from BTW’s?