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Yardenna Alexandre Israel Antiquities Authority. THE INVERTED SIPHON PIPELINES TO TEL BET YERAH-AL-SINNABRA. Water in Antiquity Conference, Israel 14-20 October 2012. BET YERAH. EXCAVATION. R. JORDAN. The Earthwork Damage. Basalt Pipeline. Basalt Pipeline. Basalt Pipeline.

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Yardenna alexandre israel antiquities authority

Yardenna Alexandre

Israel Antiquities Authority

THE INVERTED SIPHON PIPELINES TO TEL BET YERAH-AL-SINNABRA

Water in Antiquity Conference, Israel 14-20 October 2012


BET YERAH

EXCAVATION

R. JORDAN

Israel Antiquities Authority


The earthwork damage
The Earthwork Damage

Israel Antiquities Authority


Basalt pipeline
Basalt Pipeline

Israel Antiquities Authority


Basalt pipeline1
Basalt Pipeline

Israel Antiquities Authority


Basalt pipeline2
Basalt Pipeline

Israel Antiquities Authority



Clay pipeline
Clay pipeline

Clay pipeline uncovered by mechanical digger

Clay pipeline below basalt pipeline cut by 1960s water pipe

Israel Antiquities Authority


Clay pipeline1
Clay pipeline

Israel Antiquities Authority


The finds
The Finds

660-680 CE

Israel Antiquities Authority


Plan and section of basalt and clay pipes
Plan and section of basalt and clay pipes

Israel Antiquities Authority


Basalt blocks in courtyards
Basalt blocks in courtyards

Secondary use as drinking fountain at Degania

Basalt blocks presented as pipeline at the Yardenit

Israel Antiquities Authority


Where did the basalt pipeline come from?

Where was it going?

When was it built?

What is the relationship between the clay pipe and the basalt pipe?

A. Saarisalo

Basalt pipe blocks next to the old road from Moshavat Kinneret to Kibbutz Kinneret, 1950

R. Amiran

Israel Antiquities Authority


Berenice water channel
Berenice Water Channel

 T. Tsuk

 Y Stephanski

Israel Antiquities Authority


Tell bet yerah
Tell Bet Yerah

Ummayad bathhouse hypocaust and circular pool, 1950s excavations

Tell

Israel Antiquities Authority


Tell bet yerah clay pipes
Tell Bet Yerah clay pipes

Clay pipeline in present excavation

Clay pipeline adjacent to bathhouse

Israel Antiquities Authority


Bet yerah al sinnabra inverted siphon pipeline reconstruction drawing
Bet Yerah/al-Sinnabra inverted siphon pipeline: Reconstruction Drawing

Berenice

Aqueduct

al-Sinnabra

bathhouse

Jordan

river

By Stephen Rosenberg

Israel Antiquities Authority


Hippos sussita

Sea of Galilee Reconstruction Drawing

Hippos-Sussita

Sussita

BetYerah

M. Eisenberg

Israel Antiquities Authority


Israel Antiquities Authority Reconstruction Drawing


THANKS Reconstruction Drawing

Israel Antiquities Authority

Credits and Consultations

  • Meqorotwater company (finance)

  • R. Mishayev and M. Kahan, IAA (surveying)

  • Y. Shmidov, IAA (drafting)

  • A. Shapiro, IAA (GPS, petrography)

  • H. Tahan-Rosen, IAA (artifacts drawing)

  • L. Kupershmidt, IAA (metallurgical laboratory)

  • C. Amit, IAA (coin photography)

  • G. Bijovsky, IAA (numismatics)

  • Y. Gorin-Rosen, IAA (glass)

  • M. Hartal and W. Atrash, IAA (Tiberias Excavations)

  • S. Paz, Institute of Archaeology Tel Aviv University (Tel Bet Yerah Archaeological Expedition)

  • T. Tsuk, chief archaeologist National Parks Authority (Ancient water systems, some photographs)

  • Z. Ahipaz, chief water engineer National Water Authority (modern water systems)

  • M. Eisenberg, Haifa University(Hippos-Sussita Expedition)


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