Possessive Adjectives. Possessive adjectives in English are as follows: my our your your his, her, their its. Possessive adjectives in Spanish: mi nuestro tu vuestro su su
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his, her, their
Because these are possessive adjectives, they change just like all other adjectives:
mi casa, mis casasnuestro libro, nuestros libros, nuestra casa, nuestras casas
tu casa, tus casasvuestro libro, vuestros libros, vuestra casa, vuestras casas
su casa, sus casas su casa, sus casas
Mi, tu, and su have just singular and plural forms, because they don’t end with an –o. Nuestro and vuestro, which do end with an –o, have four forms: masculine singular, feminine singular, masculine plural, feminine plural.
You may be bothered by the fact that “su” is in two places. “Su” can mean “his,” “her,” “its,” “their,” or “your.”
“Sus” can mean “his,” “her,” “its,” “their,” or “your.”
You use “su” when the noun is singular:
su libro = his book, her book, your book, their book
sus libros = his books, her books, your books, their books
The only thing the –s on the end of the “su” tells you is that the noun is plural. It tells you absolutely nothing about whether the word means his, their, etc.
su libro = el libro de él
su libro = el libro de ella
In other words, you can say “the book of him” rather than “his book.” BUT NOT ON THE TEST.
El reloj de Juan
Example: his apples = ?
You’re in trouble if you don’t know what “apples” is in Spanish and will lose a point. Be sure you review the two most recent vocab lists.