Albany is the capital of New York State, but New York City is the “Big Apple”.
New York is called The “Big Apple”, because in the 1920’s and 1930’s jazz musicians said that the city was the best and most attractive place.
New York has five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens and Staten Island
Four hundred years ago, the Algonquin Indians owned the island of Manhattan. In 1626, a Dutchman called Peter Minuit gave the Indians 24 dollars to buy the island. In about 1650, five hundred people lived there and it was called New Amsterdam.
In 1664 the British took the town from the Dutch and changed its name to New York. At the end of the eighteenth century, many immigrants started to come to America.. They first came from Germany and Ireland, later from Italy, Poland, Russia, Africa and China.
You can take the Water Taxi around the island of Manhattan… …or take the free ferry fromBattery Park to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
Ellis Island the Statue of Liberty
Ellis Island wasanimmigration station in the past; itwas the first stop fornearly 17 millionimmigrants
Many famous people came through Ellis Island, for example Sigmund Freud, Charlie Chaplin and Walt Disney.
Until 1820, the population of new York came from Britain and the Netherlands Between 1820 and 1860 the city attracted Irish and German immigrants Between 1890 and 1919, 3.7 million Italians came to the USA Jews from Russia and eastern Europe followed.
At the beginning of the 20th century millions of black people came to New York from the southern states to look for work. Today immigrants come mainly from Asia and Spanish-speaking countries, for example Cuba and Puerto Rico.
Every year large numbers of people still apply for the Green Card that allows them to legally enter the United States
It was a gift from the French people in 1886. It is 93 meters high and it’s arm is 14 meters long.
People from the same origin often live in the same area and create their own communities. The Chinese community is in “CHINATOWN”
…and on Broadway, between 41st and 53rd streets. There are more than thirty theatres on Broadway.
The Brooklyn Bridge connects Manhattan to Brooklyn. When it opened in 1883, it was the world’s longest bridge.
The Empire State Building is NY’s tallest skyscraper. It’s 381 meters tall and it has 102 floors
The Chrysler building was built by the famous car maker. It was finished in 1930.
The Rockefeller Center includes many buildings, but it is most visited in winter.
A huge Christmas tree and a crowded skating rink attract New Yorkers and tourists.
But on the 11th of September 2001, (9/11) for Americans, radical Islamists crashed two planes into the towers. Today this site is called “Ground Zero”.