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Medieval Romance

Medieval Romance

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Medieval Romance

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  1. Medieval Romance The Defining Characteristics

  2. Medieval Romance • 12th-15th century (1100-1400) • Earlier romances in verse (poetic form) • Later ones sometimes in prose (NOT poetry) • Tales of courtly love and chivalric adventure

  3. Medieval Romance • Based on feudal ideal of chivalry • Code of Chivalry: • Emphasizes courage, grace, honor, love, loyalty, valor, and humility • both on and off the battlefield (high moral code) • Includes the pledging of service to a lady— honoring, revering, serving, and protecting her reputation (placing her on a pedestal—to worship from afar/on high)

  4. Medieval Romances • Are imbued with adventure, love, the supernatural • Feature kings, knights, damsels in distress • Give a glamorous portrayal of castle life (idealized)

  5. The Archetypal Romance Hero • Born under mysterious circumstances • Grows up in obscurity (state of being unknown, inconspicuous, unimportant) • Undergoes an initiation from childhood to adulthood involving a magic weapon • Fights to defeat evil and promote peace • Often aided by— • magic weapons and • wise mentors (the Wise Old Man archetype) • “Departs” from this world under mysterious circumstances/events • Leaves open the possibility, the hope, that he may return when his people need him most

  6. Medieval Romance • Most popular medieval romances surround— • legends of King Arthur and his • Knights of the Round Table • Arthur— • thought to have been a Welsh chieftain (or Celtic king) • 5th or 6th century

  7. Arthurian Legend • Other names from the Arthurian legends: • Merlin (sorcerer & Arthur’s advisor) • Camelot • Excalibur (sword) • Guinevere (Arthur’s wife) • Lancelot (best friend and Knight of the Round Table) • Other knights include Sir Galahad, Sir Gawain, Sir Bedivere , Sir Percivale, Sir Lionell, Sir Kay, et al. • Uther Pendragon (father) • Igraine (mother) • Morgan le Fey (half-sister) • Mordred (nephew/son)

  8. Character ID’s from Morted’Arthur excerpt: • Arthur • Mordred • Sir Lucan • Sir Gawain • Sir Bedivere • Hermit • Lady of the Lake • Three Queens

  9. Arthurian Legend Merlin Igraine Gorlois Uther Pendragon Arthur Guinevere Morgana Mordred Lancelot Lionell Bedivere Perceval Kay Gawain Ector Excalibur Galahad Lucan Tristram Lady of the Lake