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Guidelines For The FutureSharing Best Practice For National Bibliographies In The Digital Era Neil Wilson Information Coordinator IFLA Bibliography Section
The IFLA Section on BibliographyKey Areas of Interest • The content, arrangement, production, dissemination & preservation of bibliographic information - especially national bibliographic services • Promotion of the importance of the discipline of bibliography to: • Library professionals & publishers • Distributors & retailers • Users
A Changing Bibliographic Environment… New Users Bibliographic data has been given greater value by new technologies assisting its reuse e.g.: • Researchvia citation management software • ‘Mashups’of data from multiple sources -including libraries • Data Miningof large datasets, e.g. to identify publication trends
A Changing Bibliographic Environment… Evolving Library Requirements • Libraries operating in a global market require metadata for a wider range of resources than ever • New commercial suppliers offer coverage of non-book resources with rich supporting information • Evolving Market Requirement • Printed works + e-books, chapters, articles etc. • Multimedia (video, audio, software games etc.) • Additional content (contents, reviews, book jacket images etc.) Depth of description • Traditional Library Coverage • Core descriptive information • Authors, titles, ISBN, subjects etc. • Printed books, serials etc. Range of resources requiring description 4
A Changing Bibliographic Environment…Free Metadata Sharing Services New non-library based services are emerging based on freelyshareable metadata • The Open Library Project: Aggregates metadata from libraries, publishers & book reviewers in a free Wiki database of 24 million books • Biblios.net: the largest repository of freely licensed bibliographic metadata • LibraryThing: Allows users to catalogue books online using metadata from 700 sources.
A Changing Bibliographic Environment…Linked Data Potential benefits to libraries: • Improved web integration of resources increasing visibility & reaching new users • An open global pool of reusable data for libraries to add unique value • New leadership opportunities due to library persistence, stability & authority
A Changing Bibliographic Environment…Library Sector Relevance Declining? “I did my PhD with only 12 visits to a library. That was 5 years ago; things have improved since then, now you don’t need to use a library at all!” Increasing? “The release of library data offers the opportunity for it to be used in ways un-thought of by the library & information community…”
Guidance? In an era of disruptive change libraries need open access to bibliographic best practice on: • Service development, delivery & lifecycle • Resource description & standards • Business models & administration • User support And much more…
National Bibliographies in the Digital Age:Guidance & New Directions (2009) “The changes brought about by the World Wide Web & the explosion of electronic media have called into question many of the assumptions on which national bibliographies have been founded…”
Guidelines for National Bibliographies in the Electronic Age (2010-) “Considering that the environment is evolving fast, this document is expected to be revised periodically … to reflect the changes “ Libraries now require a more flexible, open, & dynamic solution than traditional printed text
2012 Guidelines Proposal • Create a new web resource describing best practice • Organise by theme • Provide links to back up sources to ensure continuing relevance & currency • Supplement with real world examples when possible
Proposed Themes 1Context Site Home Page • Purpose, scope, intended audience etc. The Value of National Bibliographies • The mission of the national bibliography • Users & stakeholders • International recommendations • The changing operational context
Proposed Themes 2Organisation & Administration Organisation • Responsibilities of a national bibliographic agency • Legal deposit legislation • National bibliographic control • Cooperative options for data creation Administration • Resource issues & business models • Measuring the effectiveness of the national bibliography • Service lifecycle • Intellectual property & rights issues
Proposed Themes 3Scope, Selection & Standards Scoping & Selection • General selection criteria • Resource format • Exclusions policies Resource Description & Standards • Bibliographic control principles • Bibliographic content standards • Identifiers • Metadata formats • Character encoding standards • Semantic web standards
Proposed Themes 4Delivery Service Delivery • Global context of national services • Common requirements e.g. currency • Management & dissemination of changes to metadata • Delivery options e.g. online, linked data, PDF etc • User support
Proposed Timeline 1 At IFLA 2012 SC meetings: • Discuss Conference outcomes • Agree final WG membership & methodology Autumn 2012 – Summer 2013 • Allocate work for site sections & identify expert contributions • Create site structure & begin to populate it • Create text with external links • Offer sample pages for feedback
Proposed Timeline 2 At IFLA 2013 SC meetings: • Discuss progress & feedback received • Finalise next steps Autumn 2013 – Spring 2014 • Allocate further work for site sections & invite expert contributions • Create further text with external links • Offer pages for feedback
Communications • Development – via SCWiki & expert contribution • Announcements - on blog & mailing lists • Use cases - link to ‘National Bibliographic Register’ • User feedback – on sample pages
The IFLA Section on BibliographyFurther Information • Web site:http://www.ifla.org/en/bibliography • Blog:http://blogs.ifla.org/bibliography/