Chapter 9. Discussion and Review. Islam The Religion and a Way of Life. Muhammad the Prophet. Born about 570 CE He is not seen as a god or a savior He is the messenger of God Received revelations from angel Gabriel. The Basic Teachings of Islam.
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Discussion and Review
Pilgrims camp outside waiting to kiss
the Kaaba’s black stone
Built by Abraham
Reclaimed from pagan Arabs by Muhammad
The Hajj ends as a Muslim kisses this sacred stone in the Kaaba. Must be completed once in a Muslims lifetime. This Black Stone was left untouched by Mohammad when the 100 idols were destroyed in the Kabba
Some authorities add a sixth pillar:Jihad means active opposition to evil and injustice, more than literal warfare.
Iranian Shiite Woman
Sunnis and Shiites: Find Common Ground?
Shortly after Muhammad’s death, divisions arose within Islam.
Believed caliph, or successor to Muhammad, should be chosen by leaders of the Muslim community.
Viewed caliph as a leader, not as a religious authority.
Believed that only descendents of Muhammad could become caliph.
Believed descendents of Muhammad to be divinely inspired.
Sought to communicate with God through meditation, fasting, and other rituals.
These are the mystics of the Muslim world.
Despite the decline of the empire,
Islam continued to link diverse people
across an enormous area.