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Budgeting Technique

Chapter 16-2. Budgeting Technique. What is a Budget?. A plan for saving and spending. Allows you to meet your personal goals with a system of wise spending. Purpose of a Budget. Live within your income Achieve your financial goals Buy wisely Avoid credit problems

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Budgeting Technique

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  1. Chapter 16-2 Budgeting Technique

  2. What is a Budget? • A plan for saving and spending. • Allows you to meet your personal goals with a system of wise spending.

  3. Purpose of a Budget • Live within your income • Achieve your financial goals • Buy wisely • Avoid credit problems • Plan for financial emergencies • Develop good money management skill

  4. Budget Process • Set financial goals • Plan budget categories • Maintain financial records • Evaluate your budget

  5. Setting Financial Goals • Goals point to where you would like to be financially. • This should consist of long term and short term goals for spending and saving money.

  6. Plan Budget Categories • Saving is an all-important part of reaching your financial goals. • The secret to doing this is P.Y.F. or “pay yourself first”. • Saving should become another “expense” included in your budget. • There are two types of living expenses; Variable and Fixed.

  7. Fixed Expenses • Cost that occur on a regular basis and are for the same amount each time. • Examples: rent, mortgage payment, insurance premiums

  8. Variable Expenses • Living costs that differ each time and may not be as easy to estimate. • Examples: food, clothing, utilities

  9. Allowances • The amount of money you plan to use for a certain budget category.

  10. Common Budget Categories • Savings • Food • Clothing • Housing • Transportation • Health and Personal Care • Recreation and Education • Utilities

  11. Maintain Financial Records • Individuals should record their income and expense to find out if the plan is working. • Expenditures are recorded throughout the month. • The checkbook serves as a reference.

  12. Evaluate Your Budget • Actual spending is compared with budgeted amounts and any difference between these amounts is a budget variance. • Deficit: when actual spending is greater than planned spending • Surplus: when actual spending is less than budget amount

  13. Characteristics of an Effective Budget • Realistic • Flexible • Evaluated regularly • Well planned and clearly communicated • Simple format

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