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3 steps to ladder safety . Welcome!. T ens of thousands of people are injured, and hundreds killed in North America every year while using ladders. . Almost all incidents can be traced to the incorrect application or misuse of a ladder. .

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

3 steps to

ladder

safety

slide2

Welcome!

Tens of thousands of people are injured, and hundreds killed in North America every year while using ladders.

Almost all incidents can be traced to the incorrect application or misuse of a ladder.

  • Our objective today is to reduce YOUR risk of a future ladder incident through education and adoption of a 3-Step Ladder Safety Program, incorporating ladder…

SELECTION

SETUP

SERVICE

slide3

The first “STEP” in ladder safety is selecting the correct ladder

  • Select non-conductive Fibreglass ladders instead
    • -DO NOT use Aluminum…
    • -On, or around, electrical circuits
    • -In highly corrosive environments.
  • In what environment will the ladder be used?
    • -Working on, or in the vicinity of, live electrical circuits?
    • -In a corrosive atmosphere?
    • -On uneven, severely sloped, or otherwise poor footing?
  • Consider ladders fitted with…
    • -Adjustable leg-levelers when using extension ladders on uneven, highly-sloped surfaces
    • -Combination ladders for use in stairwells
slide4

selecting the correct ladder

  • - What kind of ladder? …Step, straight, extension, or combination ladder ?
  • - What size of ladder is required to perform the task?
  • - What is the maximum load the ladder must support? (Weight of person + clothes + tools + materials)
slide6

Types of ladders

Combination ladders

Steps

Extension

Platform steps

slide7

Conventional single-sided stepladders

Step ladders are designed to be free standing, are available in a variety of sizes ranging from 2’ to 16’.

  • Used for most typical one-person job applications
  • A range of lengths from 2’ to 16’
  • Available in aluminum and fibreglass
slide8

Trestle or Two way Stepladders

Trestle or Two-Way step ladders can be climbed from either side, or support two people on opposite sides.

  • For use when two persons must access the same work concurrently
  • One person per side at a time
  • A range of lengths from 3’ – 16’
  • Available in Fibreglass and Aluminum
slide9

Platform Stepladders

  • For repeated/sustained work at same level
  • Provides maximum user comfort and stability
  • One person at a time
  • A range of sizes 4’ – 16’
  • Available in fibreglass and aluminum
slide11

Extension & Straight ladders

Straight and Extension ladders require both the top and bottom of the ladder to be supported.

-Available in a variety of sizes ranging from 8’ to 60’.

-Available in aluminum and fibreglass.

slide12

Combination ladders

  • A combination of step, straight and extension ladders
  • Available in 3 types : Articulating , Articulating & Telescoping, and 3-Way
slide13

ARTICULATING ladders

  • One or more pairs of lockable articulating hinges allow setup in several positions, including :
  • Stepladder
  • Straight
  • Scaffold
  • Available in 12’ – 16’
slide14

Articulating & Telescoping ladders

  • All features of articulating ladders plus independent length adjustment of each side
  • BEST CHOICE for frequent stairwell work
  • Available in 12’-23’ lengths
slide15

3- way ladders

  • Excellent utility including stairwells
  • A range of lengths from 6’ – 13’
  • Available in both aluminum and fibreglass
slide16

Selection of materials

Aluminum

-Extruded shapes to meet specific load requirements.

-Moisture resistant

-Comparatively light weight.

-Conducts heat and electricity and should not be

used in areas where the above or highly corrosive conditions exist.

Fiberglass

-Pultruded shapes of continuous glass fibres and matts encapsulated in plastic resin.

-Used with aluminumsteps/rungs to satisfy specific load and strengthrequirements.

-A non-conductor of heat and electricity.

-Resists corrosion.

-Moisture resistant.

Steel

-Designed to meet specific load requirements

-Easily assembled by welding.

-Susceptible to rust and corrosion.

-Conducts heat and electricity and should not be used in areas

where the above or highly corrosiveconditions exist

slide21

Ladder setup : before use

  • ALWAYS INSPECT YOUR LADDER PRIOR TO USE
  • Metal ladders conduct electricity. Keep away from electrical circuits.
  • Do not use in high winds or during a storm.
  • Do not use in poor health, if taking drugs or alcoholic beverages,
  • or if physically handicapped.
  • Keep bottom of shoes clean. Leather soles should not be worn.
  • Never leave ladder set up and unattended.
  • Pay close attention to what you are doing.
  • Do not overload.
  • Read all labels and follow all instructions.
slide22

ladder do’s & don'ts

  • -Never use a step ladder over16 feet. Proper scaffolding is the correct product. Ladders are not intended to be used as or on scaffolds.
  • -Set all feet on firm, level surface. Do not place on unstable, loose, or slippery surfaces.
  • -Keep body centered between side rails. Do not overreach. Get down and move ladder as needed.

-Do not climb, stand, or sit on spreader braces, ladder top, or pail shelf

  • -Do not straddle front and back. Do not climb from one ladder onto another.
  • -Avoid pushing or pulling off to the side of ladder. Do not "walk" or “jump" ladder while on it.
  • -Never use a step ladder as a straight ladder leaning against a wall.
slide23

Ladder safety

-Remove oil, grease, mud or any other foreign substance from hands and shoesoles before climbing.

-Never use a ladder on surfaces covered with oil, grease or ice.

  • -Make sure the ladder is placed on an even, hard surface.
  • -Use rubber safety feet on concrete or paved surfaces. Use spiked feet on grass or loose surfaces.
  • -Make sure rung locks are engaged before climbing.
  • There should be only one person on the ladder at a time.

Maintain 3 points of contact with the ladder at all times

slide24

MOST LADDER ACCIDENTS ARE CAUSED BY…

1. THE USE OF UNSAFE LADDERS

2. THE Unsafe USE OF LADDERS

slide26

CONTROL &MAINTENANCE

Once the correct ladder for your task has been selected, the ladder should be carefully inspected before each use. Many accidents are caused by the use of unsafe or damaged ladders and can lead to severe injury or death. NEVER USE A DAMAGED LADDER.

slide27

Fiberglass inspection

1. CRACK

A see through separation of fiberglass lamination visible from both sides. The ladder should be removed from service until the rail can be replaced or the ladder disposed of.

2. GOUGE / HOLE

A puncture that is visible from both sides. The ladder should be removed from service until the rail can be replaced or the ladder disposed of.

3. RESIN SURFACE CRACK

  • If a surface crack does not penetrate the laminate layer, apply a coating of polyurethane clear-coat or equal.Inspect regularly to ensure it has not expanded. If moisture has penetrated the rail, then the ladder should be replaced.
slide30

Repairs & maintenance

  • Only a certain number of items that can be repaired in the
  • field. If in doubt check with a Featherliteauthorized dealer or a Featherlite representative. The following is a list of the most common parts that can be replaced by a qualified maintenance individual:
  • EXTENSION LADDERS
  • PROTECTIVE END CAPS
  • ROPE ASSEMBLY
  • RUNG LOCKS
  • SLIDE GUIDES
  • COG WHEELS
  • SAFETY FEET
  • RIVETED RUNGS
  • STEP LADDERS
  • SAFETY SHOES
  • ROPE ASSEMBLY
  • SPREADER ARMS
  • HEAD-TRAY
  • PAIL-TRAY
slide31

Maintenance program

LADDER INSPECTION FORM

INSPECTOR_____________

DATE___________

IDENTIFICATION #____________ TYPE OF LADDER_________________

STORAGE LOCATION___________ SIZE OF LADDER_________________

DATE RECEIVED ____________ TYPE OF MATERIAL________________

MODEL #_______________

Regular maintenance and inspection of your ladders will keep them working safely. The following is a sample of a Featherlite Ladder audit.

  • DISPOSITION: REMOVE FROM SERVICE AND DESTROY
  • REMOVE FROM SERVICE AND REPAIR [REPAIR DUE DATE _________________ ]
  • OK TO RETURN TO SERVICE
slide32

Maintenance program

  • Inspect every ladder in the fleet, regardless of the manufacturer. Using the information gathered the ladders will be categorized into 4 main categories ;
  • DISCARD .... Ladders which are below the duty rating agreed on with the customer; and, ladders which are beyond repair.
  • TAG FOR REPAIR .... Using approved ladder replacement parts
  • APPROVE ..... Ladders that are OK as is ( regardless of manufacturer)
  • -REPLACE ... All discarded ladders with new ladders within the agreed customer parameters.
slide36

For more ladder safety sources…

FEATHERLITE LADDERS SAFTEY TRAINING

BOOKLET

FEATHERLITE LADDERS

http://featherliteladders.com/

FEATHERLITE MOBILE SITE

http://featherlite.kkpc.mobi/home/

WORK SAFE BC

http://www.worksafebc.com/

AMERICAN LADDER INSTITUTE

http://www.americanladderinstitute.org/

slide37

FROM ALL OF US AT FEATHERLITE…

Thanks for your attention AND

Climb safe!