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Who is God?. LORD SRI KRISHNA The Supreme Personality of Godhead. No one equal to or above Him. In BG 7.7. “O conqueror of wealth, there is no truth superior to Me . Everything rests upon Me , as pearls are strung on a thread.”. Mattah parataram nanyat

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slide2

LORD SRI KRISHNA

The Supreme Personality

of Godhead

  • No one
  • equal to or
  • above Him

In BG 7.7

“O conqueror of wealth, there is no truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread.”

Mattah parataram nanyat

kincid asti dhananjaya

mayi sarvam idam protam

sutre mani-gana iva

slide3

Source of everything.

BG 10.8

aham sarvasya prabhavo

mattah sarvam pravartate

iti matva bhajante mam

budha bhava-samanvitah

I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds.Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.

slide4

He is Bhagvan - all opulent.

Krishna is the original supreme personality of Godhead

SB 1.3.28

ete camsah-kalah pumsah

krsnas tu bhagavan svayam

  • Krishna possess all the 6 opulences in full.

virya - strength

Aishwarya - Wealth

sriya - beauty

yash - fame

vairagya - renunciation

jnana - Knowledge

slide5

Supreme proprietor, controller, enjoyer and well-wisher.

BG 5.29

bhoktaram yajna-tapasam

sarva-loka-mahesvaram

suhrdam sarva-bhutanam

jnatva mam santim rcchati

A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.

slide6

Is God personal or impersonal?

God is realized in three aspects:

1) Brahman – the impersonal Brahmajyoti

2) Paramatma – the localized aspect of God

3) Bhagavan - the personal feature of the Absolute Truth

slide7

COMPARISON

IMPERSONALIST AND PERSONALIST REALIZATION

BRAHMAN

BHAGAVAN

1

Nirguna (without qualities)

Saguna (with form, qualities, etc)

2

Inconceivable

Possesses inconceivable potencies

All pervading by

energies and as Supersoul

3

All pervading

Unchanging, fixed and immovable

4

Unchanging, fixed and immovable

Cannot perceive any opulence because of lack of activity

5

Possessor of six opulences in full

Success is guaranteed

as nothing is lost

Risk of not realizing

Absolute Truth at the end

6

May realize the eternal and knowledgeable aspects of his original nature (Partial realization)

Realizes eternity, knowledge and bliss

(includes Brahman and

Paramatma realization)

7

slide8

Evidences of Krsna’s Supremacy

  • Krsna: Source of Everything:
  • aham sarvasya prabhavo mattah sarvam pravartate
  • iti matva bhajante mam budha bhava samanvitah
  • “I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who know this perfectly engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.” (BG. 10.8)
  • etad yonini bhutani sarvanity upadharaya
  • aham krtsnasya jagatah prabhavah pralayas tatha
  • “Of all that is material and all that is spiritual in this world, know for certain that I am both its origin and dissolution.” (BG 7.6)
evidences of krsna s supremacy
Evidences of Krsna’s Supremacy
  • Krsna: Source of all qualities:

buddhir jnanam asammohah ksama satyam damah samah

sukham duhkham bhavo ‘bhavo bhayam cabhayam eva ca

ahimsa samata tustis tapo danam yaso ‘yasah

bhavanti bhava bhutanam matta eva prthag-vidhah

‘Intelligence, knowledge, freedom from doubt and delusion,

forgiveness, truthfulness, self-control and calmness, pleasure and

pain, birth, death, fear, fearlessness, nonviolence, equanimity,

satisfaction, austerity, charity, fame and infamy are created by

Me alone’. (BG 10.4-5)

evidences of krsna s supremacy1
Evidences of Krsna’s Supremacy
  • Krsna: Father of all beings:

pitaham asya jagato mata dhata pitamahah (BG9.17)

“I am the father of this universe, the mother, the support, and

the grandsire”

sarva-yonisu kaunteya murtayah sambhavanti yah

tasam brahma mahad yonir aham bija pradah pita

“It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunti,

are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am

the seed-giving father.” (BG 14.4)

mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya

mayi sarvam idam protam sutre mani-gana iva (BG 7.7)

‘O conquerer of wealth (Arjuna), there is no Truth superior to Me.

Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread’.

slide14

Arjuna said: “You are the Supreme Brahman, the ultimate, the supreme abode and purifier, the Absolute Truth and the eternal Divine Person. You are the primal God, transcendental and original, and You are the unborn and all-pervading beauty.”

slide15

Krishna is a person.

  • Impersonal brahmajyoti is
  • His bodily effulgence.

BG 14.27

brahmano hi pratishaham

amrtasyavyayasya ca

sasvatasya ca dharmasya

sukhasyaikantikasya ca

And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is immortal, imperishable and eternal and is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness.

BG 9.11

avajananti mammudha

manusim tanum asritam

param bhavam ajananto

mama bhuta mahesvaram

Fools deride Me when I descend in the human form. They do not know My transcendental nature as the Supreme Lord of all that be

  • Krishna can never be immoral
slide16

Krishna and the demigods.

Neither the hosts of demigods nor the great sages know My origin or opulences, for, in every respect, I am the source of the demigods and sages

BG 10.2

ne me viduh sura-ganah

prabhavam na maharsayah

aham adir hi devanam

maharsinam ca sarvasah

BG3.12

In charge of the various necessities of life, the demigods, being satisfied by the performance of yajna [sacrifice], will supply all necessities to you. But he who enjoys such gifts without offering them to the demigods in return is certainly a thief

istan bhogan hi vo deva

dasyante yajna-bhavitah

tair dattan apradayaibhyo

yo bhunkte stena eva sah

slide17

Demigods

God

Many

One

Parts and parcel

Supreme Whole

Always worship the supreme as obedient servant

Supreme worshipable

Created by the supreme

Supreme creator

Exist within material creation

Beyond material creation

Delegated with various grades of power to manage the affairs of the material creation

Supreme controller

slide18

Demigods

God

Subordinate to the will of Supreme

Supremely independent

Completely spiritual body, no birth, no old age, no disease and no death.

Have material bodies, hence subjected to birth, old age, disease &death

Come under the influence of the three material modes to different extents

Come under the influence of the three material modes to different extents

Temporary posts

Eternally the same Supreme Lord

slide19

Worship of Demigods/GOD

Less intelligent

Broad intelligence

BG 7.23

SB

Akamah sarva kamova

Moksha kamah udardhih

Tivrena bhakti yogena

Yajeta purusah param

antavat tu phalam tesam

tad bhavaty alpa-medhasam

devan deva-yajo yanti

mad-bhakta yanti mam api

Benefits are material and temporary

Benefits are eternal

BG 2.40

nehabhikrama-naso 'stipratyavayo na vidyate

sv-alpam apy asya dharmasyatrayate mahato bhayat

antavat tu phalam tesam

slide20

Worship of Demigods/GOD

Cannot award benediction without the sanction of the lord

All benedictions are bestowed by him alone

Endowed with such a faith, he endeavors to worship a particular demigod and obtains his desires. But in actuality these benefits are bestowed by Me alone

BG 7.22

sa taya sraddhaya yuktas

tasyaradhanam ihate

labhate ca tatah kaman

mayaiva vihitan hi tan

slide21

Worship of Demigods/GOD

Destination - planets of the demigods.

Destination -The spiritual world

BG 9.25

BG 8.21

avyakto 'ksara ity uktastam ahuh paramam gatimyam prapya na nivartantetad dhama paramam mama

yanti deva-vrata devan

pitrn yanti pitr-vratah

bhutani yanti bhutejya

yanti mad-yajino ‘pi mam

Those who worship the demigods will take birth among the demigods; those who worship the ancestors go to the ancestors; those who worship ghosts and spirits will take birth among such beings; and those who worship Me will live with Me

That which the Vedantists describe as unmanifest and infallible, that which is known as the supreme destination, that place from which, having attained it, one never returns -- that is My supreme abode

slide22

Worship of Demigods/GOD

Improper way

Proper Way

BG 9.23

BG 18.66

sarva-dharman parityajyamam ekam saranam vrajaaham tvam sarva-papebhyomoksayisyami ma sucah

ye’py anya-devata-bhakta

yajante sraddhayanvitah

te ‘pi mam eva kaunteya

yajanty avidhi-purvakam

Those who are devotees of other gods and who worship them with faith actually worship only Me, O son of Kunti, but they do so in a wrong way

Abandon all varieties of religion and just surrender unto Me. I shall deliver you from all sinful reactions. Do not fear

slide23

Worship of Demigods/GOD

Mostly taken up by demons (asuras)

Mostly taken up by devotees (suras)

Cannot award Supreme liberation

Awards true liberation

Gives one what he wants

Gives one what he needs

Devotional service to the Supreme is completely spiritual.

Material

slide24

Living entities GOD

Part and

parcel of GOD

Complete

whole

Many

One

Subordinate

controllers

Supreme

controller

Dependent on the Lord

Supremely

independent