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The Road to World War 1. Problems in the Balkans (1906 – 1912). Many different ethnicities in the Balkans Wars to get Ottoman Empire out of Balkans Conflicts over land disputes Country borders do not take in Ethnic boundaries

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problems in the balkans 1906 1912
Problems in the Balkans (1906 – 1912)
  • Many different ethnicities in the Balkans
  • Wars to get Ottoman Empire out of Balkans
  • Conflicts over land disputes
  • Country borders do not take in Ethnic boundaries
  • Serbia wants 1) economic independence from A.H. 2) Greater Serbia Nation
  • A.H. treats minority groups poorly
franz ferdinand
Franz Ferdinand
  • Current leader of A.H. not sympathetic to Serbia, Serbs in A.H and Serbs in Bosnia.
  • His nephew, Franz Ferdinand in line for the thrown
  • Ferdinand wants to give minorities more say and autonomy, but still under A.H.
sarajevo crisis assassination of franz ferdinand
Sarajevo Crisis – Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
  • June 28th, 1914
  • Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophia visit Sarajevo in effort to better the relations with Bosnian Serbs
  • Serbian Nationalist group The Black Hand, wanted to take this opportunity to assassinate Franz Ferdinand
  • 19 yr old, Princip was successful in assassinating the archduke and his wife during an accidental wrong turn by Ferdinand’s driver.
july crisis 1914
July Crisis 1914
  • A.H. suspected Serbian government to be behind the assassination
  • A.H. knowing war is looming looked to get support from major ally, Germany
july crisis 19146
July Crisis, 1914

Germany’s Blank Check

  • A.H. Prime Minister Berechtold meets the Kaiser about backing A.H. in a potential war against Serbia
  • Kaiser Wilhelm gives A.H. a “BLANK CHECK” on July 5th
  • Germany willing to risk war

now, because afraid after

1916, Russia would be too

strong

germany s blank check
Germany’s Blank Check

Kaiser Wilhelm

Prime Minister Berchtold

july crisis 19148
July Crisis, 1914

A.H. Ultimatum to Serbia

  • Sent an Ultimatum to Serbia on July 19th, delivered July 23rd
  • Serbs given 48 hours to respond
  • WITH A PARTNER: Read Ultimatum, answer:
    • 1) List the demands Austria has for Serbia
    • 2) Do you think Austria’s demands are just?
july crisis 19149
July Crisis, 1914

A.H. Ultimatum to Serbia

  • Sent an Ultimatum to Serbia on July 19th, delivered July 23rd
  • Serbs given 48 hours to respond
  • Austria demands a lot of Serbia
  • Serbia agrees to ALL except 1 key element:
    • Serbia refused to allow the involvement of A.H. in the investigation of the assassination within Serbia
    • This threatened Serbia’s sovereignty
escalation to war
Escalation to War

July 25th

  • Austria breaks off relations with Serbia

July 28th

  • A.H. declares war on Serbia

July 30th

  • Czar issues mobilization order

August 1st

  • Germans mobilize, declare war on Russia

August 3rd

  • France declares war on Germany
  • Germany invades Belgium

August 4th

  • Great Britain declares war on Germany