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KECSS Ms . Murren Government 3/5/12. Outcome: SWBAT examine early English concepts of government and explain how these ideas contributed to the political beginnings of the United States of America. Initial Activity. The Thirteen Colonies, 1775. Mini Lesson.

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Kecss ms murren government 3 5 12

KECSS Ms. MurrenGovernment 3/5/12


SWBAT examine early English concepts of government and explain how these ideas contributed to the political beginnings of the United States of America

Initial activity
Initial Activity

The Thirteen Colonies, 1775

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Mini lesson
Mini Lesson

Early English settlers brought with them a knowledge of a political system-of established laws, customs, practices and institutions- that had been developing in England for centuries.

What are the three concepts of government that influenced the American Government?

1. Ordered (Structured) Government -- Colonists from England saw the need for orderly regulation of their relationships with one another. The created local governments based on those they knew in England such as: offices of the sheriff, justice of the peace, grand juries and counties

2. Limited Government -- The idea that government is not all-powerful. Limited government is that basic principle of the American system of government; that government is limited in what it may do, and each individual has certain rights that a government cannot take away.

3. Representative Government -- The idea that government should serve the will of the people. Representative government is that system of government in which public policies are made by officials who are selected by the voters and held accountable to them in periodic elections

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Mini lesson1
Mini Lesson

These notions of: ordered government, limited government and representative government can be traced back to three landmark English documents

1. The Magna Carta-- Magna Carta established the principle of limited government and fundamental rights of English citizens. This 1215 document introduced such fundamental rights as trial by jury and due process of law– the arbitrary taking of life, liberty or property. Originally these rights were reserved only for the elite classes.

2. The Petition of Rights -- The Petition of Rights limited the monarch's authority and elevated the power of Parliament while extending the rights of the individual. Challenged the idea of the divine right of kinds, declaring that even a monarch must obey the law of the land.

3. The English Bill of Rights -- The Bill of Rights redefined the rights of Parliament and the rights of individuals. No standing army, required parliamentary elections, no excessive bail, no cruel and unusual punishment

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Mini lesson2
Mini Lesson

What are the three types of colonies the English established in the American colonies?

Each colony was established on the basis of a charter, a written grant of authority from the king.

1. Royal Colonies -- Royal Colonies were subject to the direct control of the crown and run by appointed governors, who were advised by council. On the eve of the American Revolution (1775) there were eight – NH, MA, NC, SC, GA, NY, NJ, VA

  • What was the pattern of government of the royal colonies?Bicameral

    King named governor (the colony’s chief executive). A Council also named by king, served as an advisory body to the royal governor. In time, council became both the upper house of the colonial legislature and the colony’s highest court.

    The lower house of a Bicameral legislature was elected by those property owners qualified to vote. In Royal colonies, the governors and their councils shared the power of the purse (power to tax and spend). Judges were appointed by governor, with advice of council. Laws passed required approval of governor and king.

    The Royal governors, ruled with a stern hand, following instructions from London. Much of the resentment that flared was fanned by their actions.

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Mini lesson3
Mini Lesson

What are the three types of colonies the English established in the American colonies?2. The Proprietary Colonies -- Proprietary Colonies were owned by wealthy individuals who appointed governors, who were advised by councils. Unicameral (one house). By 1775 there were three – MD, PA, DE

3. The Charter Colonies -- Charter Colonies were governed by the colonists themselves through elected governors, who were advised by councils. Charters granted to the colonists themselves. Bicameral legislature whose laws were not subject to the approval of the crown or governor. Judges appointed by legislature, but appeals to the king. –- Massachusetts Bay was established as the first Charter Colony in 1629, but in 1691 its Charter was revoked and Massachusetts became a Royal Colony. CT and RI were the only two remaining Charter colonies by 1775

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Critical thinking
Critical Thinking

  • What is the difference between a proprietary colony and a charter colony?

  • The English Crown gave CT, and RI, many freedoms not enjoyed by the other colonies. Do you agree with historians who claim that the Revolution would not have occurred if all colonies enjoyed the same freedoms? Why or why not?

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