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BELLWORK. Grab a handout from the front stool on “The Importance of Moveable Type.” Then, answer the following questions: Who was Johann Gutenberg? Why were errors common in books that were copied by hand? According to Chamberlin, what was Gutenberg’s unique contribution to printing?

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bellwork
BELLWORK
  • Grab a handout from the front stool on “The Importance of Moveable Type.” Then, answer the following questions:
  • Who was Johann Gutenberg?
  • Why were errors common in books that were copied by hand?
  • According to Chamberlin, what was Gutenberg’s unique contribution to printing?
  • Why was metal better than wood for making type?
  • How did printing increase the spread of ideas?
  • THINKER: As you know, Renaissance values were individualism and secularism. What would YOU consider to be American’s values in today’s society?
renaissance review
Renaissance Review…..
  • Where did the Renaissance start? Why did it start here?
  • Why were Venice and Milan important?
  • Who was the Medici family?
  • Who were the famous Renaissance artists? Renaissance writers?
  • What do you think “separation of church and state” means?
medieval renaissance art

Medieval & Renaissance Art

What were the differences between Medieval and Renaissance Art?

medieval art
Medieval Art
  • Artists depicted subjects in an unrealistic two dimensional style to indicate the importance of the soul over the body
characteristics of renaissance art
Characteristics of Renaissance Art
  • Three dimensional
  • Realistic
  • Lifelike
  • Influenced by Greco-Roman culture
  • Use of oil paint

“Baptism of Christ” (Da Vinci)

italian renaissance artists
Italian Renaissance Artists
  • Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Michelangelo
  • Raphael
  • Donatello
leonardo da vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci
  • Da Vinci was considered the “Renaissance Man”
  • Was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and a scientist

(The Vitruvian Man, 1485)

donatello bronze david
Donatellobronze “David”
  • First unsupported standing work in bronze during the Renaissance period
renaissance writers
Renaissance Writers
  • Began to use the vernacular (vernacular = the native language) instead of classical Latin
  • Machiavelli, wrote “The Prince”– a handbook for behavior
  • Make a prediction  What were Renaissance authors writing about?
machiavelli
Machiavelli
  • Machiavelli was a political philosopher
  • “The Prince” advised kings how to rule
  • Within the Machiavellian way of thinking, people questioned the corruption of the government & church
william shakespeare
William Shakespeare
  • The best known Renaissance writer was William Shakespeare
  • Between 1590 and 1613 he wrote 37 plays that are still preformed around the world
the printing revolution
The Printing Revolution
  • In 1456, Johann Gutenberg printed the bible using movable metal type on a machine called a Printing Press
  • Printed books became cheap and easier to produce
  • Now, readers gained access to broad range of knowledge (Medicine to Religion)
  • The printing press would greatly contribute to the Reformation of the church.
renaissance values
Renaissance Values
  • Within society, many of the citizens during the Renaissance shared a set of values or beliefs.
  • Humanism
  • Individualism
  • Skepticism
  • Well-Roundedness
  • Secularism
  • Classicism
values reflected
Values Reflected
  • In buildings, writing, painting, sculpture, and science.
  • Every aspect of their lives
  • Adapted from Greco-Roman culture
  • Many have been passed on to modern Americans
renaissance values1
Renaissance Values
  • To understand these vales a little better, you are going to be broken into six groups.
  • Each group is going to read about a Renaissance value and create a poster.
  • Your poster must define the value and include pictures, facts, information, and color.
  • You must also answer the question: “Why was this value important to the Renaissance?”
  • Have fun with this! Be creative!
  • When everyone is finished, you will present the posters and the class will take notes on each value.
  • Remember: you are teaching the class about this value so it better make sense!
humanism
Humanism
  • Francesco Petrarch led early development of Humanism
  • A belief that the human being is the measure of all things.
  • People and their activities are important and interesting
  • Life should be lived to the fullest
individualism
Individualism
  • To be one’s self and to think for themselves was a good thing
  • Were ambitious for fame and wealth
  • Believed that humans could achieve great things
  • Encouraged curiosity and adventure
skeptism
Skeptism
  • A questioning attitude
  • Seen as a good thing to:
    • Try new things
    • Experiment
    • Shake up the system
well roundedness
Well-Roundedness
  • The ideal person was:
    • Educated
    • Witty
    • Charming
    • Artistic
  • Should be interested in many things and active in many fields
secularism
Secularism
  • Means worldliness or a belief in the importance of this life on earth
  • Making money, traveling, and making your home comfortable are secular activities
  • Spirit of the Renaissance was more secular than religious
classicism
Classicism
  • Interest in the classical age (ancient Greeks and Romans)
  • During the classical age people were also secular, individualistic, humanistic, and questioning
  • People looked back to their roots for values
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