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WORLD WAR II. Readings : Smith, et al., 950-955, 959-985. JAPANESE BOMB PEARL HARBOR. Sneak Attack on U.S Naval Base Destroys planes and battleships Aircraft carriers out on maneuvers Roosevelt: Day of Infamy Admiral Yamamoto: “We have awakened a sleeping tiger”.

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world war ii

WORLD WAR II

Readings: Smith, et al., 950-955, 959-985

japanese bomb pearl harbor
JAPANESE BOMB PEARL HARBOR
  • Sneak Attack on U.S Naval Base
  • Destroys planes and battleships
  • Aircraft carriers out on maneuvers
  • Roosevelt: Day of Infamy
  • Admiral Yamamoto: “We have awakened a sleeping tiger”
the u s enters world war ii
THE U.S. ENTERS WORLD WAR II
  • December 7: Pearl Harbor Bombed
  • December 8: U.S. Declares War on Japan
  • December 10: Britain Declares War on Japan
  • December 11: Hitler Declares War on the U.S.
  • Italy Declares War on the United States
world war ii combattants
WORLD WAR II COMBATTANTS
  • EUROPE:
  • ALLIES: ENGLAND, THE SOVIET UNION, AND THE UNITED STATES
  • AXIS:
  • GERMANY AND ITALY
world war ii combattants1
WORLD WAR IICOMBATTANTS
  • ASIA:
  • ALLIES:
  • UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN
  • AXIS:
  • JAPAN AND GERMANY
problem soviet union
PROBLEM – SOVIET UNION
  • Stalin Creating 2nd
    • Superpower
      • 5 Year Plans – Rapid Industrialization
      • Collectivization of Agriculture – Increase Productivity to Feed Workers
      • Great Terror –
        • Forced Migration to
          • Siberia
        • Does it make it possible to do things not possible in Democracy
slide7
U.S. – Fight war in Europe First
    • Stakes Highest
    • Hitler Dominating Europe
  • Much of War Fought in North Africa (September 1940-May 1943)
    • Mussolini wanted to reconstruct Roman Empire, invades Egypt
    • Germany bales out Mussolini
    • U.S. contributes tank force under Gen. George Patton
      • Patton defeats German General Erwin Rommel
slide8
U.S. Britain, Canada invade Italy (July 10, 1943)
  • Mussolini forced to resign (July 25, 1943)
    • Rescued by Hitler September 15, 1943
      • Creates Salo Republic in Northern Italy
  • Much of European fighting in Italy
battle of britain
BATTLE OF BRITAIN
  • Massive Bombing
    • Germans Target London
    • Britain Targets German Cities
  • Civilian Casualties High
    • Firebombing of Dresden
  • Radar
  • Enigma Machines
hitler invades soviet union june 22 1941
Hitler invades Soviet Union (June 22, 1941)
  • Germans Decide on “Final Solution”
  • Winter Threatens German Troops in Russia
  • Siege of Moscow
  • Battle of Stalingrad
    • Gen. Zhukov stops Germans advance (November 1942) – major turning point of war in Europe
war in the pacific
War in the Pacific
  • Japan invades Philippines (January 2, 1942)
    • Conquers most of Southeast Asia, Many Islands
    • U.S., allies, have to fight back island by island
making peace out of war
MAKING PEACE OUT OF WAR
  • Moscow Conference (October 19-November 1, 1943)
    • U.S., Britain, Soviet Union agree to form United Nations
  • Tehran Conference (November 28-December 1, 1943)
    • Open up Second Front
      • Europe’s Soft Underbelly: Eastern Europe (Churchill)
      • France
        • Ultimately – Normandy Landing – D-Day June 6, 1944
world war ii combattants2
WORLD WAR II COMBATTANTS
  • EUROPE:
  • ALLIES: ENGLAND, THE SOVIET UNION, AND THE UNITED STATES
  • AXIS:
  • GERMANY AND ITALY
making peace out of war1
MAKING PEACE OUT OF WAR
  • Yalta Conference (February 1945)
    • Germany to be Disarmed and Denazified
    • German Leaders to be Tried as War Criminals
    • Each power would occupy part of Germany
    • Soviet Union could collect Reparations
    • United Nations would be formed
    • Agreed Soviets could supervise elections in Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary
    • Agreed to divide Korea at 38th Parallel – if Soviets declared war on Japan
end of war in europe
END OF WAR IN EUROPE
  • Roosevelt dies (April 12, 1945)
    • Harry Truman becomes U.S. President
  • German Divisions in Italy Resign (April 28, 1945)
  • Mussolini and Mistress Killed by Anti-Fascists
  • Battle of Berlin (May 1, 1945)
    • Hitler and new wife Eva Braun commit suicide
potsdam conference july 17 august 2 1945
POTSDAM CONFERENCE (JULY 17-AUGUST 2, 1945)
  • Truman, Churchill/Atlee, Stalin confirm Yalta Agreement
  • Truman announces U.S. secret weapon
soviets declare war on japan august 8 1945
SOVIETS DECLARE WAR ON JAPAN (AUGUST 8, 1945)
  • Soviets invade Korea, Manchuria
world war ii ends cold war begins september 2 1945
WORLD WAR II ENDS/COLD WAR BEGINS (SEPTEMBER 2, 1945)
  • Korea Divided at 38th Parallel
  • Germany Divided
  • “Iron Curtain” Descending Upon Europe
  • Nuclear Arms Race