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Norwegian Literature Einar Vannebo, 16.07.02. Pre Viking Age (3000BC-750AD) Viking Age (750-1050) Middle Ages – Literary Old Norse (1050-1370) Reformation/Humanism (1500s) Baroque (1600s) Enlightenment (1700s) Romanticism (1830s-1870) Realism (1870s) Naturalism (1880s)

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norwegian literature einar vannebo 16 07 02
Norwegian LiteratureEinar Vannebo, 16.07.02
  • Pre Viking Age (3000BC-750AD)
  • Viking Age (750-1050)
  • Middle Ages – Literary Old Norse (1050-1370)
  • Reformation/Humanism (1500s)
  • Baroque (1600s)
  • Enlightenment (1700s)
  • Romanticism (1830s-1870)
  • Realism (1870s)
  • Naturalism (1880s)
  • Neo-Romanticism/Symbolism (1890s)
  • Neo-Realism (1905-40)
  • Political radicalism/psychological realism (1920-40)
  • Post-World War II(1945-2002)
pre viking age 3000bc 750ad
Pre-Viking Age (3000BC-750AD)
  • Rock carvings
  • Runes: Futhark

older version 24 letters (200 inscriptions)

younger version 16 letters (65 inscriptions)

viking age 750 1050
Viking Age (750-1050)
  • Christianity
  • National kingdom (Saint Olav)
  • Norwegian/Icelandic common heritage
middle ages literary old norse 1050 1370
Middle Ages –Literary Old Norse (1050-1370)
  • Eddic poetry (written down after 1270)

Hàvamàl - practical morality

Voluspà – cosmology

  • Skaldic poetry – courtly poetry
  • Literature in the service of the Church

- Religious verse

- Saints’ lives

- Sermons

  • Laws
literary old norse ct
Literary Old Norse ct
  • Historical literature

- Kings’ sagas Snorri Sturluson: Heimskringla

- Family sagas (approx 30)

medieval oral literature
Medieval oral literature
  • Ballads

- Dream Ballad

  • Legends
  • Folk tales
reformation humanism 1500s
Reformation/Humanism (1500s)
  • Church under the sovereignty of the King
  • Service in the vernacular
  • Bible
  • Hymns
baroque 1600s
Baroque (1600s)
  • Hymns
  • Ministers submitted reports to the King about the conditions in their district
  • Petter Dass (1647-1707)
enlightenment 1700s
Enlightenment (1700s)
  • Belief in reason, science, progress
  • Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754)

- Poet, novelist, moral philosopher

- playwright 26 comedies

(Molière of the North)

- Jeppe on the Hill

romanticism 1830s 1870
Romanticism (1830s-1870)
  • Idealism
  • Artist – genius
  • History – growth
  • ”Soul of the nation”

1814: National independence

- Henrik Wergeland (1808-45)

Creation, Man and Messiah

national romanticism 1840 1870
National Romanticism 1840-1870
  • Quest for national identity
  • Orientation to the past

- National history: P.A. Munch

- Folk tradition: Asbjørnsen and Moe

- Language: Ivar Aasen

  • National breakthrough
  • History and folk tradition repository of motifs for contemporary authors

- Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson (1832-1910)

- Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906)

realism 1870s
Realism 1870s
  • Modern breakthrough
  • Take up contemporary problems for discussion
  • Social, representative types
  • Plays, novels
  • The four great authors:

Bjørnson, Ibsen, Alexander Kielland, Jonas Lie

  • Poetocracy
naturalism 1880s
Naturalism 1880s
  • Heredity and environment

- Amalie Skram (1846-1905)

The People of Hellemyr

- Arne Garborg (1852-1928)

Peasant Students

neo romaticism symbolism 1890s
Neo-Romaticism/Symbolism 1890s
  • Complex characters rather than social types
  • Irrationality, the unconscious
  • New style: poetic, break with normal syntax

- Knut Hamsun (1859-1952)

Hunger, Pan, Growth of the Soil

neo realism 1905 40
Neo-Realism (1905-40)
  • Interaction social setting/human psychology
  • Local setting, literary mapping of Norway
  • Quest for national identity: 1905
  • Emphasis on moral and religious values
  • Epic literature; historical novels

- Sigrid Undset (1882-1949)

Kristin Lavransdatter

- Olav Duun (1876-1939)

The People of Juvik

political radicalism psychological realism 1920s
Political radicalism/psychological realism 1920s -
  • Inspired by Freudianism and Marxism

- Sigurd Hoel (1890-1960)

post world war ii
Post World War II
  • Psychological realism (1945-65)

- Sigurd Hoel Meeting at the Milestone

- Johan Borgen Lillelord-trilogy

  • Modernism (mid 1960s -)

Profile group: Dag Solstad

  • Social Realism

Feminist literature (1970s -)

- Dag Solstad

- Bjørg Vik

post world war ii18
Post World War II
  • Fantastic literature

Language conscious literature (1980s)

- Kjartan Fløgstad

- Jan Kjærstad

  • The eternal life of the narrative (1990s -)

- Biographies

- Novels exploring roots and cultural traditions

Herbjørg Wassmo, Roy Jacobsen,

Lars Saabye Christensen