Chapter 5 Era of Thomas Jefferson Define the following vocabulary words • Thomas Jefferson 184 • Laissez faire 185 • Judicial review 187 • John Marshall 187
Section 1 Changes in government made by Thomas Jefferson • Limited power of the federal government over states and citizens. • He cut Federal spending. • Eliminated all federal taxes
Section 1 Cont’d • The Sedition Act punished people who openly disapproved of the government. • Thomas Jefferson took office and released people who had been imprisoned under the Sedition Act. • Summary Please
Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase • Continental Divide (section 2 pg.192) • Expedition 191 • Meriwether Lewis 191 • William Clark 191
Napoleon Bonaparte • Emperor of France from 1804 to 1815 • Needing money for the war with Britain, Napoleon sold Louisiana to the United States for 15 million dollars.
Section 2 • The United States purchased Louisiana from France. • Jefferson was uneasy about buying the Louisiana Territory because he did not have the constitutional power to buy land. • The United States now controlled the Mississippi River. • The Mississippi river was important for farmers to ship their crops to New Orleans to sell.
Westward Expansion • Please answer the following questions on your paper • Why where people expanding westward? • Name one positive example of expansion. • Name a negative example of expansion.
Lewis and Clark Expedition • Lewis and Clark were to gather information about plant life, geography , animals and other Natural features of the region. • To Make contact with Native Americans.
Warm Up • Why was Jefferson apprehensive about the purchase of Louisiana? • He did not have Constitutional power to buy property. • Name two goals of the Lewis and Clark expedition? • They were to report back about plants and animals, and to make contact with native Americans. • Why was the Mississippi River important for farmers? • They could use the river to ship their crops.
Warm Up Provide one positive and one negativeeffect of the Embargo Act Positive Effect Negative Effects • Stopped the flow of goods to Britain and France. • Forced people to become smugglers. • Caused economic hardship at home.
Section 3 A Time of Conflict The Embargo Act of 1807 • Embargo: Government order that forbids trade. • 1803 Britain and France were once again at war. • The United States remained neutral and traded with both countries. • British War ships began seizing American warships trading with France. The French did the same. • Jefferson responded by passing the Embargo Act. • Jefferson stopped all trade with Britain and France. • American were outraged and the Merchants were losing money without goods to sell.
Tecumseh • Tecumseh united the Native American people to take back their land that was taken by the Americans. • Tecumseh wanted to restore Native American traditions.
War of 1812, U.S. and Britain Causes Effects • Angry at Britain for arming native Americans • Americans upset about impressment of American soldiers • Decrease trade with Britain • Merchant’s have less goods to sell