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Welcome andAdministrative Remarks Mr. Samuel P. Williamson Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research
Welcome andAdministrative Remarks • The 2nd International Conference on Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety sponsors: • Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research (OFCM) • United States Geological Survey (USGS) • Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) • Smithsonian Institution (SI) • Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) • Meteorological Service of Canada/Environment Canada (MSC/EC) • International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI) • Tenix Corporation • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
Welcome andAdministrative Remarks • Thanks to everyone who helped make sure The 2nd International Conference on Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety will be a success • Special thanks to the National Aviation Weather Program Council • Thanks to the members of the Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology staff, Science and Technology Corporation, sponsoring agencies, exhibitors, the Interagency Working Group for Volcanic Ash, key speakers, chairpersons, panelists, moderators, and presenters • A special “Thank You” to you, the participants of the conference, who are instrumental in making this conference a success
Welcome andAdministrative Remarks • Ms. Erin McNamara--Conference Coordinator for Logistics • Ms. Mary Cairns--Conference Coordinator for Agenda • Ms. Dawn Erlich--Registration Assistance • Mr. Kent P. LaBorde and Mr. Greg Romano (NOAA Public Affairs)--Arranging for Media Events • Lt. Col. Frank Estis--Protocol and Coordinator for Media Events • Mr. Ken Barnett--Audio/Visual Assistance (Note: If you have not already done so, please turn in any slides you plan to present to Ken as soon as possible.)
Special Welcome The Honorable Ted Stevens, United States Senator from Alaska (Invited)
Special Welcome • The Honorable Ted Stevens, United States Senator from Alaska (Invited) • Dr. James R. Mahoney, Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Deputy Administrator • Dr. Charles G. Groat, Director, U.S. Geological Survey • RADM. James P. Schear, Vice President for Safety, Federal Aviation Administration • Mr. Ronald J. Birk, Director of the Earth Science Applications Division, Office of Earth Science, NASA • Mr. Gianni Semenzato, Senior Flight Inspector, Ente Nazional per L’Aviazione Civile (Italian Civil Aviation Authority) • Mr. William Voss, Director, Air Navigation Bureau, International Civil Aviation Organization • Mr. Saad Benarafa, World Meteorological Organization
Conference “Thoughts” • Background • Why hold a Second International Conference on Volcanic Ash and Aviation Safety? • What should we expect to accomplish at this conference?
Conference “Thoughts”:Background • Airborne volcanic ash poses a serious threat to aviation • More than 100 aircraft have encountered volcanic ash clouds in flight • Several resulted in multiple engine failures • Disastrous crashes have been only narrowly averted • Safest mitigation strategy--aircraft avoid flying into an ash plume • Avoidance requires knowing where an ash plume exists • Dispatchers, pilots, and air traffic controllers must be quickly informed of volcanic activity • On average, about 15 major explosive eruptions occur per year
Conference “Thoughts”:Background • 1991 symposium on volcanic ash and aviation safety brought stakeholders together for the first time • Since then, nine Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers have been established
Conference “Thoughts”:Background • Methods for observing and analyzing the indicators of an impending eruption have been improved • New satellite-based remote sensing techniques are being used or developed • Volcanic ash detection and forecast is very important to the international aviation community • The International Civil Aviation Organization established the International Airways Volcano Watch Operations Group in 2002 • The ICAO deems this as a very significant problem • Eight contracting States dedicated resources to support this effort • You will hear more about this in Session 4 • Additionally, a closing address will be provided by the ICAO’s Mr. William Voss on ICAO's commitment to mitigating this hazard
Conference “Thoughts”:Why a Second Conference? • Because volcanic ash is truly an international problem • A volcanic “ring of fire” circles the Pacific basin from South and Central America through the Pacific Northwest and Alaska, and around to Kamchatka, Japan, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Micronesia
Conference “Thoughts”:Why a Second Conference? • About 100 potentially dangerous volcanoes lie under air routes in the North Pacific region alone • There are other regions of volcanic activity • Ash carried downwind can endanger aircraft • The ICAO began provisions in 1987 for volcanic ash warnings to be included in aviation SIGMETs • In 1998, ICAO established the International Airways Volcano Watch, which consists of nine Volcanic Ash Advisory Centers (VAACs) • Each VAAC uses reports from volcano observatories and satellite imagery to track volcanic activity and ash clouds in its designated region.
Conference “Thoughts”:Conference Expectations? • Improve the international system for volcanic ash risk mitigation • Ensure we can provide accurate, timely reporting of an eruption to mitigate the risk to aviation • Leverage and improve the use of capabilities such as satellites to detect and track ash clouds • Improve the operational experience of the aviation community with the still-evolving system for detecting and communicating volcanic ash hazards
Conference “Thoughts”:Conference Expectations? • Let’s dedicate ourselves to: • One…identifying any new operational requirements (observation, forecasting, reporting, etc.) and the needed research and development needed to satisfy those requirements. • Two…where possible, match those operational and research and development requirements to ongoing programs/projects to maximize our partnership efforts. • Three…develop a roadmap for improved volcanic ash-related education, training, and outreach. • And four…develop a framework for improved partnerships within the international volcanic ash community in an effort to leverage resources and capabilities across the spectrum of operations and research and development issues.
Dr. James R. Mahoney,Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Deputy Administrator
Rear Admiral James P. Schear,U.S. Naval Reserve (Retired) Vice President for Safety Federal Aviation Administration
Mr. Ronald J. Birk, Director of the Earth Science Applications Division, Office of Earth Science, NASA
Mr. Gianni Semenzato, Senior Flight Inspector, Ente Nazional per L’Aviazione Civile (Italian Civil Aviation Authority)
Luncheon WithCaptain Eric MoodyBritish Airways (Ret.)(Sponsored by Air Line Pilots Association)