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Effective Job Hazard Analysis Implementation. Presented by Andrew Dagnan, CHMM June 26, 2013. Agenda. Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) Overview Health and Safety Program Management Definitions and Descriptions Reasons to perform JHA Process Overview Process Example. Management Cartoon.

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Effective job hazard analysis implementation

Effective Job Hazard Analysis Implementation

Presented by Andrew Dagnan, CHMM

June 26, 2013


  • Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) Overview

    • Health and Safety Program Management

    • Definitions and Descriptions

    • Reasons to perform

  • JHA Process Overview

  • Process Example

Definitions and descriptions
Definitions and Descriptions

  • Job Hazard Analysis (JHA): Proactive, structured method for identification, evaluation, and mitigation or prevention of hazards associated with a particular task.

    • Synonyms: JSA, PHA, etc.

  • Job: A typical “job” includes numerous “tasks”

    • One or more tasks may be hazardous and need a JHA

  • Hazard: Potential for harm

    • Often associated with a condition or activity that, if left uncontrolled, can result in an injury or illness

Why perform a jha
Why perform a JHA?

  • Proactive health and safety management

    • Ensure hazards are recognized so that a company may comply with applicable regulations

    • Provide a safe and healthy place of employment

      • OSHA General Duty Clause

  • Applicable regulatory programs

    • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    • Confined Space

    • Fall Protection

    • Electrical Safety

    • Many others

Why perform a jha1
Why perform a JHA?

  • Proactively identifying risks or hazards before an injury or illness occurs

    • Identify uncontrolled hazards

    • Determine ways to eliminate or reduce hazards & associated risks

    • Implement safety improvements

Why perform a jha2
Why perform a JHA?

  • Training

  • Change management

    • Manufacturing changes in:

      • Process, equipment, chemical, facilities, etc.

    • Legal & other requirements

  • Continuous risk reduction

    • Short-term & long-term objectives

  • Accident investigation

    • Root cause

    • More effective/efficient work practices & procedures

Jha process
JHA Process

  • Select jobs, divide into tasks, and prioritize

  • Review work procedures

  • Observe work & interview employees

  • Complete JHA documentation

    • Risk rank hazards

    • Develop recommended controls

  • Present & review JHA findings with key stakeholders

  • Review recommendations & prioritize

  • Implement agreed-upon safety improvements

  • Update and finalize JHA

Jha process1
JHA Process

Decreasing Risk

  • Risk rank all tasks onsite

    • Prioritized by perceived risk and knowledge of prior hazards

Jha process2
JHA Process

  • Review the process and tasks associated with the job

  • Identify existing safety precautions and hazard controls

    • Engineering

    • Administrative

    • PPE

  • New equipment reviews require additional investigation

    • Manufacturer’s safety requirements

    • Published literature

Jha process3
JHA Process

  • Observe procedures from beginning to end, take pictures, and document:

    • Work practices

    • ALL hazards

    • Current controls

  • Interview Employees

    • Ask about previous and current safety concerns and near misses

    • Ask clarifying questions

    • Open line of communication between workers, their managers, and EHS

Jha process4
JHA Process

  • Compare work performed to procedures specified

    • Identify gaps, shortcuts, or non-documented work-steps

    • Look for inefficiencies and areas of improvement

Jha process5
JHA Process


Complete JHA documentation

Develop recommended controls based on the following hierarchy:

Jha process6
JHA Process

  • Interview engineer(s) and/or supervisor(s)

    • Ask clarifying questions

    • Discuss feasibility of the recommendations

    • Discuss missing information

  • Risk rank tasks to prioritize recommendations

    • Use or develop a defined risk matrix to create risk scores

      • Ex: Severity x Likelihood

Jha process7
JHA Process

  • Present findings and recommendations to

    • Engineer(s)

    • EHS

    • Management

  • Allows management to better understand:

    • Value of the JHA process

    • Work practices & procedures

    • Present hazards & need for controls

    • Scope and resources required

Jha process8
JHA Process

  • Open-forum discussion between all parties

    • Generate ideas from different expertise and varied points-of-view

    • Add missing hazards, controls, and/or recommendations

    • Increases management support for implementation

Jha process9
JHA Process

  • Benefits of working with Senior Management

    • Senior management helps drive project results

    • Accountability to senior management for results

  • Challenges with working with Senior Management

    • Value of proposed solutions

    • High number of recommendations for each hazard

    • Resourcing needs for recommended controls

Jha process10
JHA Process

  • Review feasibility of recommendations with applicable engineer(s) and/or supervisor(s)

  • Prioritize recommendations to focus on critical needs

  • Rank recommendations by feasibility & estimated completion time

    • Process / chemical changes may take years to implement

    • Spec / PPE changes can be implemented in weeks or months

Jha process11
JHA Process

  • Setup schedule for implementation based on:

    • Hazard severity

    • Resources available

    • Return on Investment (ROI)

    • Completion time for the recommendation

  • Management reporting of implementation

Jha process12
JHA Process

  • After implementation and verification

    • Update JHA

    • Recalculate risk

  • Periodic reassessment of potential recommended control options

Process example1
Process Example



Substitute chemical for a less hazardous substance

Keep baths covered

Ventilation improvements

Disposal procedures

PPE modifications

  • Tasks performed around open chemical baths

  • Flammable liquid with potential self-ignition

  • Low-odor and irritant thresholds

  • Hazardous waste generation

  • Non-standard PPE required

Process example2
Process Example


  • Resistance to change increased with higher level of control

    • Significant increase in resources needed

      • Time & money

      • Benefit > Cost?

      • Potential in change to product

Process example3
Process Example


  • Immediate Solutions (EASY - Quick and Cheap)

    • PPE changes

    • Waste disposal requirements

    • Ventilation modifications

  • Chemistry Change ($ and effort)

    • Material cost reduction

    • Benefit in chemical performance

    • Reduced health risks and elimination of odor

    • Elimination of high risk fire hazards

    • Improvement of employee comfort and job satisfaction

In summary
In Summary…

  • JHAs have MANY benefits – more than just finding hazards

  • Imperative to have management support for time & resources

  • Important to rank tasks for implementation phase of project

Thank you

Thank You!

Andrew Dagnan, CHMM

[email protected]