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Nationalism. What you need to know. McCulloch v. Maryland John Quincy Adams & his border treaties Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise. Nationalism. Belief that national interests are most important More than state or regional. Dem-Reps President Congress Most citizens Federalists

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Presentation Transcript
what you need to know
What you need to know
  • McCulloch v. Maryland
  • John Quincy Adams & his border treaties
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Missouri Compromise
nationalism1
Nationalism
  • Belief that national interests are most important
  • More than state or regional
politics in early 1800s
Dem-Reps

President

Congress

Most citizens

Federalists

Court system

Court decisions usually favored national gov over states

Politics in early 1800s
mcculloch v maryland
McCulloch v. Maryland
  • MD put state tax on Bank of US
  • Tried to run it out of business
  • Argued Congress had no right to form a national bank
    • Const. didn’t list it as allowed power
mcculloch v maryland1
McCulloch v. Maryland
  • Supreme Court decided:
  • Congress has powers that aren’t listed in Constitution
    • Made national gov stronger than the states
  • Necessary and Proper Clause
1816 1820 elections
1816 & 1820 elections
  • James Monroe (D-R) won both elections easily
  • 1820 – actually ran unopposed
president review
President review
  • Washington ( - , VA) 1788, 1792
  • Adams (Fed, MA) 1796
  • Jefferson (DR, VA) 1800, 1804
  • Madison (DR, VA) 1808, 1812
  • Monroe (DR, VA) 1816, 1820
john quincy adams
John Quincy Adams
  • James Monroe’s Sec of State
    • Became next Pres.
  • Secured national borders
  • Allowed US to concentrate on internal issues
border treaties
Border treaties
  • Demilitarized Canada border (1817)
  • Set exact US-Canada border (1818)
  • Spain gave Florida to US & agreed on border in west (1819)
monroe doctrine
Monroe Doctrine
  • Written by JQA
  • European countries were trying to rebuild colonies in Americas
    • Spain, Portugal, Russia
  • US felt threatened
monroe doctrine1
Monroe Doctrine
  • Pres Monroe announced that:
    • US won’t get involved in Europe
    • US won’t bother existing colonies in N&S America
    • US won’t allow Europe to build new colonies in N&S America
    • Warning to European countries
missouri compromise 1820
Missouri Compromise – 1820
  • When territory’s population hit 60,000, could ask to be a state
  • Before 1818 – 20 states in US
    • 10 slave / 10 free
    • Power balance in Senate
missouri compromise 18201
Missouri Compromise – 1820
  • Slave & free state usually admitted as a pair
    • North had higherpopulation – held control over House
    • South scared of losing balance of power in Senate
missouri compromise 18202
Missouri Compromise – 1820
  • 1818 – IL joins as 11th free state
  • Missouri up for admission
    • Was a slave state
    • Northern Congressmen tried to make Missouri free their slaves
    • Would upset balance in Senate
missouri compromise 18203
Missouri Compromise – 1820
  • South went ballistic
    • AL admitted instead of MO
  • South nearly seceded & started the Civil War (40 years early)
missouri compromise 18204
Missouri Compromise – 1820
  • Henry Clay worked out temporary compromise
    • Admit Maine as free state
    • Admit Missouri as slave state
    • No new slave states north of 36°30’N except Missouri
what you need to know1
What you need to know
  • McCulloch v. Maryland
  • John Quincy Adams & his border treaties
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Missouri Compromise
james monroe what do we need to know
James Monroe…what do we need to know?

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