session 9 environmental protection n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
SESSION 9: Environmental Protection PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
SESSION 9: Environmental Protection

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

SESSION 9: Environmental Protection - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 80 Views
  • Uploaded on

SESSION 9: Environmental Protection. Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective Simon Carroll Simon.Carroll@cbm.slu.se. Introduction. Term “NGO” applies to a wide range of organisations

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

SESSION 9: Environmental Protection


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. SESSION 9: Environmental Protection Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective Simon Carroll Simon.Carroll@cbm.slu.se

    2. Introduction • Term “NGO” applies to a wide range of organisations • Not many environmental NGOs active specifically in the radiological protection field • c.f Yves Marignac, NEA workshop, Helsinki, January 2008 My position: an “independent” expert (with an NGO background in nuclear issues) S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    3. Perceptual issues • IAEA in “permanent conflict of interest” when dealing with radiological protection (protection vs promotion) • ICRP a “private agency comprised of • nuclear advocates” Justified or not, these perceptions will influence how proposals on radiological protection of the environment are received. S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    4. Environmental NGO views (1) • Are warily positive towards the new focus on radiological protection of the environment • May bring different perspectives to bear on the issue of radiological protection and the environment S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    5. Environmental NGO views (2) Have concerns about the: • precise meaning of the term radiological protection of the environment • scope of the system being developed • ultimate objectives of the current initiatives S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    6. What is meant? • No clear, common understanding of what is meant by “radiological protection of the environment” • What is understood by the term will have a profound influence on the: • type of system considered necessary & appropriate • tools needed to implement it S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    7. Scope (1) Positive aspects of a “reference organism” approach: • May contribute to a better understanding of the possible impacts on organisms • Useful for helping assess the impacts of past or ongoing releases to the environment S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    8. Scope (2) • Negative aspects of a “reference organism” approach • Too narrow & focused to provide • a framework for effective • protection • May prove inadequate to cover the full range of biodiversity at scales ranging from the genetic to that of the ecosystem S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    9. Scope (3) “radiological protection of selected biota” may not deliver “protection of the environment” Effective protection of ecosystems cannot be realised through a selective organism-based reference system. S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    10. Aspects of a protection system • Compatible with the broader principles and conceptual approaches in other areas of environmental protection • Address all aspects of pollution • Applicable in a multi-pollution context, with multiple stressors on organisms and ecosystems • Consider the abiotic environment • An ecosystem-based & precautionary approach • Environmental protection in the context of sustainable • development - an integral part of the development process S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    11. Systems in transition 1970s-1990s: pollution; assimilative capacity 1990s-2000s: ecosystems; precaution (multiple stressors / biodiversity / resilience) London Convention (dumping at sea) OSPAR Convention (discharges into the marine environment) • Originally, focus on limiting consequences, by pollutant • New system centred on preventing pollution and protecting ecosystems • preventing inputs of any material which, by its nature and properties, could give rise to harm to the marine environment (London Convention) • progressive and substantial reductions of discharges, emissions and losses of substances (OSPAR) • system of protection for the ecosystem as a whole • parallel approach for all inputs (radioactive / non-radioactive) S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    12. Building a system of protection • A comprehensive approach is needed for: • an effective system for protection of the environment • a framework for decision-making for nuclear activities & the environment • Draw on developments and experience across a range of disciplines, industrial sectors and human activities • Use an ecosystem-based and precautionary approach • Reference organism approach could play a part S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    13. Ultimate objectives (1) The fundamental safety objective is to protect people and the environment from harmful effects of ionizing radiation. S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    14. Ultimate objectives (2) This fundamental safety objective of protecting people... and the environment has to be achieved without unduly limiting the operation of facilities or the conduct of activities that give rise to radiation risks. S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    15. Applying a system of protection • In order to be sustainable, development needs to be undertaken fully within the framework of environmental protection • Protection of the environment should not be curtailed to facilitate nuclear programmes • Need to demonstrate that nuclear programmes meet the required standards S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective

    16. Thank you! Simon.Carroll@cbm.slu.se S. Carroll - Radiological protection of the environment from an NGO perspective