But then I went to Timbuktu • The people were so cheerful and the weather was perfect.
Timbuktu was so easy to get to from Algeria! • I started at Algeria, and traveled South. You know what I hit? Timbuktu. • Timbuktu lies in the center of present-day Mali by the Niger River.
The weather of Timbuktu is great! • The rainy season is from March to October. • Timbuktu receives an average of 208.5 mm of rainfall per year. • Temperature levels spike in May and June. So if you’re in a mood for a hot vacation, come to Timbuktu during this season. • On the other hand, if you’re in the mood for a colder vacation come during December or January.
Who are the people of Timbuktu? • Inhabitants in a city of higher education • Thousands of Students from surrounding West Africa • Religious Muslims who attend a variety of mosques • Merchants as well
Architecture… • Mostly mud brick buildings, minarets were made from wood though • Based on Classical Islamic Architecture • Reflected their physical environment
Landmarks: The Djingareyber Mosque • Designed by Abu Es HaqesSaheli, who was paid 441 pounds of gold • Built to accommodate 2,000 worshippers • Made of organic materials i.e. fiber, straw, wood, and of course bricks. A minaret of the mosque.
You could also take part in the traditional art customs of Mali • Music • Balaphone • Kora • Mask making • Textile decoration • Sculpting • Jewelry • Headdresses
Basic Information • Established by the nomadic people of the Tuareg around 1100 • During the dry season they would stay by the Niger River. Timbuktu was founded as a place to stay during that season. • Meeting place for trader and travelers on camel-back • 1400-1600 was Timbuktu’s “golden age”
Brief History • End destination of the sub-Saharan trade route • Center of Islamic learning with over 150 Quranic schools and several mosques • Autonomous government • Ideal location for trade- merging point of Songhai, Wangara, Fulani, Tuareg and Arab peoples. • Invaded and conquered several times by the Kingdom of Yatenga, the Kingdom of Mali and the Songhay Empire. In 1591, the city was seized by Morocco and its prosperity began to diminish • Prosperous economy and abundant trading attracted people
Famous Products of Timbuktu • “gold came from the south, the salt from the north and the Divine knowledge, from Timbuktu.” • Books and other writings- Timbuktu had an extensive library • Islamic scholars • People came to Timbuktu to trade gold and slaves for salt, cloth and horses
We want you to experience this wonderful culture and life. The people of Timbuktu Will be happy with you.
URLs of cites we used • http://www.munoz-group.net/research_ctry_africa.asp • http://www.world66.com/africa/mali/timbuktu/lib/climate • http://www.hokiesports.com/rothreport/recaps/2006039aaa.html • http://www.climatetemp.info/mali/timbuktu.html • http://www.alamo.edu/sac/vat/arthistory/arts1303/africa.htm • http://kememou.com/mod_egyptians.html • http://www.danheller.com/timbuktu.html