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Literary Devices II. Mr. Whitehead. Figurative Language. Figurative Language- words used in ways that go beyond their dictionary meanings; nonliteral language. Analogy. Analogy- A comparison; simile and metaphor are two types of analogies.

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Literary devices ii
Literary Devices II

Mr. Whitehead

Figurative language
Figurative Language

  • Figurative Language- words used in ways that go beyond their dictionary meanings; nonliteral language.


  • Analogy- A comparison; simile and metaphor are two types of analogies.

    • A book is a ship that takes you on a far off journey.

    • Sitting in this desk is like sitting on a bed of needles.


  • Hyperbole- A deliberate exaggeration.

    • He’s got tons of money

    • Her brain is the size of a pea.

    • I have told you a million times not to lie.

    • It is going to take a zillion years to get through high school.

    • I waited in line for centureies.


  • Hyperbole: Y or N

    • The whole world was staring at me.

    • The cool autumn breeze sent a chill down her spine.

    • His bag weighed a ton.

  • Analogy: Y or N

    • Life is like a box of chocolates.

    • This food is nasty.

    • You are a pig.


  • Imagery communicates experience. Experience comes to us through the senses of sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. Imagery is loosely defined because the word image suggests a picture, but an image might also represent a sound, a smell, a taste, a touch, or an internal sensation.

Sensory words
Sensory words

  • Sensory Words- words that describe things that can be felt, heard, seen, tasted, or smelled.

    • Sight: white, round, massive, hollow

    • Hear: rash, laugh, squawk, silence

    • Taste: ripe, buttery, sour, hot

    • Smell: sweet, burnt, moldy

    • Touch: cool, wet, silky, sandy


  • Allusion- an indirect reference to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature; allusions are often brief references to well-known characters or events.

    • This season feels like we are on the Titanic.

    • Sarah was definitely a Scrooge with her money.


  • Allusion (Y or N)

    • This isn’t some Micky Mouse operation.

    • This decision definitely has a Catch-22.

    • Billy couldn’t find his home.

    • Mr. Whitehead was a regular Harry Potter when he held a wand in his hand.


  • Assonance- identity or similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words.

    • Hear the mellow wedding bells

    • Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese

    • The crumbling thunder of seas


  • Consonance- broadly, the repetition of consonant sounds; more specifically, the repetition of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables or important words.

    • Think about the blank question.

    • Jack likes to joke.

    • He has a knack for the knock-knock jokes.


  • Assonance or Consonance: Yes or no

    • Fleet feet sweep by sleeping geese.

    • Bill watched internet videos rather than doing his homework.

    • Some Mammals are Clammy

    • The cat from Malibu was fat but Fragile.

    • Katie can’t debate with her new estate.

Types of poetry
Types of Poetry

  • Lyric poetry- express an emotion, observation or idea.

    • Haiku

    • Sonnet

    • Shape

  • Narrative Poetry- tells a story

    • Ballad

    • Epic


  • Foot- Each pair of unstressed and stressed syllables makes up a unit called a foot.

    • Iambic – unstressed, stressed –two syllables

    • Pentameter – five feet in a line.

    • Iambic Pentameter

      • When I conSIDer HOW my LIFE is SPENT

      • Ere HALF my DAYS in THIS dark WORLD and WIDE


  • FEET-

    • Iambic- unstressed + stressed

    • Trochaic- stressed + unstressed

    • Spondaic- stressed + stressed

    • Anapestic- unstressed + unstressed + unstressed

    • Dactylic- Stressed + unstressed + unstressed

    • Pyrrhic- Unstressed + Unstressed

  • Meter

    • Monometer- one foot

    • Dimeter- two feet

    • Trimeter- three feet

    • Tetrameter- four feet

    • Pentameter- five feet

    • Hexameter- six feet

    • Heptameter- seven feet

    • Octameter- eight feet