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Annotating Text. The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton. What is annotating?. It is writing/marking a book to show your interaction with the text. It is ACTIVE reading. It makes the invisible, visible. It supports understanding of text and critical thinking. What is annotating?.

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annotating text

Annotating Text

The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton

what is annotating
What is annotating?

It is writing/marking a book to show your interaction with the text.

It is ACTIVE reading.

It makes the invisible, visible.

It supports understanding of text and critical thinking.

what is annotating1
What is annotating?

It’s having a conversation with the text.

It’s questions, comments, opinions, and ideas inspired by the text.

It represents your personal interaction with the story.

It helps you focus on required aspects of the story, such as identifying examples of literary terms: showing where you identify characterization, an example of a passage that reveals tone, etc.

annotating techniques symbols on your stickies
Annotating Techniques:SYMBOLS on your STICKIES
  • Create a series of symbols for yourself that coincide with the color of stickies you are using. Add these to the back of your bookmark as you work through the book. Some examples:
    • Exclamation Points
    • Stars
    • Asterisks
    • Question Marks
    • Numbers
    • Expressive Faces
    • Letters to Represent Terms: V (vocab), M (metaphor), S (symbol), C (characterization)
annotation expectations
Annotation Expectations
  • Annotations should ADD to the reading experience; it requires time and thought but should not be too disruptive.
  • “A” Level Annotation
    • annotative markings and symbols apparent in every chapter on many pages (approximately 75% of pages or more)
    • There is a clear focus given to literary terms.
    • When asked to give written response in relation to your stickies, it is evident you have thoroughly interacted with, and read, the book.
annotation expectations1
Annotation Expectations
  • “C” Level Annotation
    • annotative markings and symbols are sparse and simple (approximately 60% of pages)
    • used colored stickies mostly – no real use of symbols
    • no clear focus on identifying literary terms and/or using symbols effectively
  • “F” Level Annotation
    • incomplete/missing annotations (less than 50% of book marked)
    • pointless and/or random stickies
    • unable to give much in terms of response when asked to write in relation to what has been annotated
annotating techniques comments
Annotating Techniques: COMMENTS

Writing comments in the margins—use any white space available.

Writing comments in between or within lines of the text.

Writing questions or wonderings.

Writing predictions as you read.

Recording personal connections with the story.

annotating techniques comments1
Annotating Techniques: COMMENTS

Expressing agreement or disagreement with text.

Commenting on the actions or development of a character.

Noting a realization or epiphany.

Recording discussion points to clarify with others.

annotating techniques highlighting
Annotating Techniques:HIGHLIGHTING

Use this method sparingly (not a lot!)

Highlight only a few words or short phrases.

Always combine with another technique such as a comment or symbol.

annotating techniques underlining
Annotating Techniques:UNDERLINING

Use this method sparingly (not a lot!)

Underline only a few words or short phrases.

Always combine with another technique such as a comment or symbol.


Remember that highlighting or underlining full passages or pages is the same as highlighting or underlining NOTHING because you can’t tell what’s important.

Instead use [brackets] to encapsulate important passages AND combine with comments or symbols.


Write your name, class period, and teacher on the inside cover.

Use a RED pen to annotate for author’s craft.

Use a differentcolor to annotate your questions, COMMENTS (see earlier slide), connections, and clever thoughts.

You should make a KEY on the inside cover if you use symbols to annotate.


Annotate multiple times while you read and be prepared to share and discuss your annotations in class.

Focus specifically on the elements of Author’s Craft to which you have been introduced.

Be aware of how author’s craft affects mood, characterization, and theme.

terms review

Author’s Craft - Language and techniques the author purposely uses to craft (or create) and enhance a story

Mood – A feeling created by the author through his/her use of words

Mood can vary from scene to scene, but often longer works (like a novel) have an overall mood as well

terms review1

Characterization – how the author develops a character’s personality through actions, thoughts, words, and physical description

Theme – a message about life or human nature that can be inferred by analyzing the events, characters, and outcomes in a novel or literary work