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Congress. The House vs The Senate. House vs Senate. Both bodies have there own set of Rules. The House has more rules because it is bigger. The House also has it’s own leaders. Speaker of the House. Speaker of the House: John Boehner (R) The most powerful member.

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The House vs The Senate

house vs senate
House vs Senate
  • Both bodies have there own set of Rules.
  • The House has more rules because it is bigger.
  • The House also has it’s own leaders.
speaker of the house
Speaker of the House
  • Speaker of the House:
    • John Boehner (R)
    • The most powerful member.
    • Always member of the majority.
    • Usually has seniority.
    • Moderate view on political issues
speakers responsibilities
Speakers Responsibilities
  • Presides over house debates.
  • Determines who speaks and for how long.
  • Influences committee assignments.
  • Assigns bills to committee.
  • Committees can determine if bill will pass or not.
majority leader
Majority Leader
  • Eric Cantor (R)
  • Chief strategist and spokes person for majority party.
  • Supports speaker
  • Shepherds legislation thorough the house.
minority leader
Minority Leader
  • Nancy Pelosi (D)
  • Organize opposition to majority party.
  • Sometimes speaks for Presidents legislative program if Presidents party is minority.
party whips assistant floor leaders
Party Whips/Assistant Floor Leaders
  • Kevin McCarthy (R)
  • Steny Hoyer (D)
  • Recommended by the party leaders.
whips responsibilities
Whips Responsibilities
  • Find out opinion of party members on pending legislation.
  • Make sure members show up for voting.
  • Substitute when floor leader is absent.
  • Assisted by assistant whips (bill managers)
clerk of the house
Clerk of the House
  • Top administrative official
  • Maintains records concerning pending legislation, lobbying activities, and campaign spending.
  • Expert at rules of Debate.
president of senate
President of Senate
  • Joe Biden (D)
  • V.P. is automatically assigned the position.
  • Little authority.
  • Supposed to preside over debates.
  • Usually assigned to other party members.
  • Last deciding vote in a tie.
  • Officially counts electoral college votes.
president pro tempore
President Pro Tempore
  • Daniel Inouye
  • Presides over Senate when V.P. is not there.
  • Usually senior ranking senator in majority party.
  • Can serve in committees, be committee chair, and vote on everything.
majority leader1
Majority Leader
  • Harry Reid (D)
  • Real leader of Senate.
  • Develops strategy for majority party.
  • Chosen by senate party caucus.
  • Does not have many formal powers.
minority leader1
Minority Leader
  • Mitch McConnell
  • Leads opposition to legislation efforts of majority party.
  • Can become majority leader if an election changes balance of power.
senate whips
Senate Whips
  • Richard Duibin (D)
  • Jon Kyl (R)
whip responsibilities
Whip Responsibilities
  • Swaying party members
  • Mobilizing support
  • Making sure members vote.
secretary of senate
Secretary of Senate
  • Top administrator
  • Keeps record of lobbying activities
standing committees
Standing Committees
  • Most important
  • Pretty much permanent committees
  • Deal with bills about a particular subject.
  • Subdivided into subcommittees
most desired committees in senate
Most desired Committees in Senate
  • Foreign Relations
  • Finance
  • Armed Services
  • Judiciary
  • Appropriations (decide on Gov’t spending).
most desired committees in the house
Most desired committees in the House
  • Rules
  • Ways and Means (taxes)
  • Appropriations (decide on Gov’t spending).
  • Appropriation- setting aside money for specific purposes.
  • Appointment to one of these committees increases a persons political leverage and influence.
select committees
Select Committees
  • Created for specific purpose and limited time.
  • Consider issues outside jurisdiction of standing committees.
  • Usually cant draft legislation.
conference committees
Conference Committees
  • Formed by members of both House and Senate.
  • Reconcile Senate and House versions of the same bill.
committee assignment to standing committees
Committee assignment to standing committees
  • Democratic Steering Committee (Senate)
  • Democratic Steering and Policy committee (House)
  • Republican committee on committees (both House and Senate).