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The English Revolution Vocabulary. Unit 5 If you see *** you do not have to write it but I do want you to read it . Royalists or Cavaliers. People who supported King Charles I during the English Civil War. Puritan.

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the english revolution vocabulary

The English Revolution Vocabulary

Unit 5

If you see *** you do not have to write it but I do want you to read it

royalists or cavaliers
Royalists or Cavaliers
  • People who supported King Charles I during the English Civil War

Protestants who wanted to eliminate (purify) all traces of Catholicism from the Church of England.

  • Puritans and people who supported parliament
oliver cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
  • English military, political, and religious figure who led the Puritans to victory in the English Civil War and called for the execution of Charles I.
  • ***He took the title of Lord Protector of England (1653-1658). Many said he ruled like a dictator.

***Click the following link to find out what happened to Oliver Cromwell’s head

house of parliament
House of Parliament

Branch of government that makes the laws -- Legislative branch of England

king charles i
King Charles I

Charles I - King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which Charles was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649.

ship tax
Ship Tax

A tax used in 1634 by Charles I to raise extra revenue. He His taxation decisions led to widespread opposition and led to the English Civil War. In 1641 the tax was declared illegal by Parliament.

11 years of tyranny
11 years of Tyranny

The 11 years following 1629 in which Charles I kept Parliament from meeting and exercised absolute power over England.

limited government
Limited Government

Style of Governement where everyone, including all authority figures, must obey laws.

***Constitutions, statements of rights, or other laws define the limits of those in power so they cannot take advantage of the elected, appointed, or inherited positions.

  • the reestablishment of the British monarchy in 1660; When King Charles II took over.
glorious revolution
Glorious Revolution

Parliament is able to overthrow James II (King Charles I’s Son) which leads to a limited gov’t and the English Bill of Rights

***In this bloodless revolution, the English Parliament and William and Mary agreed to overthrow Mary's father, James II, for the sake of Protestantism. This led to a constitutional monarchy, limited government, a sharing of power with Parliament, and the drafting of the English Bill of Rights. This was a bloodless takeover of power

english bill of rights
English Bill of Rights

Document that guarantees the rights and liberty of the individual subject

***use this link to see some of the components of the English Bill of Rights