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Accreditation in Hungarian Higher Education – past, present and future. Prof. György BAZSA, President Hungarian Accreditation Committee (HAC) From Quality Assurance to Quality Culture HEA Regional Conference Sarajevo, 6 October, 2011. Hungarian Accreditation Committee

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Prof. György BAZSA, President Hungarian Accreditation Committee (HAC)


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slide1

Accreditation in Hungarian Higher Education

– past, present and future

Prof. György BAZSA, President

Hungarian Accreditation Committee (HAC)

From Quality Assurance to Quality Culture

HEA

Regional ConferenceSarajevo, 6 October, 2011

slide2

Hungarian Accreditation Committee

– past, present and future

Prof. György BAZSA, President

Hungarian Accreditation Committee (HAC)

From Quality Assurance to Quality Culture

HEA

Regional ConferenceSarajevo, 6 October, 2011

slide3

Why accreditation?

  • First half of 20th century in US: protection of good reputation, diplomas and interest of excellent HE institutions against low level education and degrees.
  • Second half of 20th century: increasing importance of quality, therefore developing systematic quality assurance systems and quality culture.
  • In higher education: to ensure and improve quality of education and training in interest of all stakeholders (students, labor market, government).
  • For (the knowledge based) society: declaring safe-guarded and evaluated quality of programs and/or HE institutions, transparency, informing the public.
slide4

Hungarian Higher Education (HHE)

HE enrollment: before 1990 < 10% of age group

at present ~ 38 % of age group

HE students total: ~ 380.000 (half state funded)

Legal background: Act on HE 1993 and 2005

new law in 2012 (draft)

HE institutions: ~7 HEI / 1 million people

slide5

System of training programs

Before 2005: parallel system of programs

- college (practice oriented), 3-4 y.

- university (research oriented), 5-6 y.

Since 2005 (sequence of 3 cycles; Bologna system):

- Bachelor – 180/210 credits, 3-3,5 y.

- Master – 90/120 credits, 2 y

- long masters: 300 credits (med, law)

- PhD – 180 credits, 3+ years

Compulsory general changeover started in 2006. This burdened HHE and HAC enormously in recent years.

Dr. univ. has a long tradition in Hungary. The present PhD form exists since 1993 at universities.

slide6

Actors and factors in (Hungarian) HE Quality

a) Government: HE Q policy, legal and financial conds.

b) HAC:external Q Evaluation and Accreditation

c) HEIs: key performers in quality of the „product”, responsible for internal Q Assurance

d) Faculty: determinesQ of teaching and research

e) Students: acceptandreflect to Qofteaching

f) Labor market: confirms/questions Q of HE graduates

g) Media: reports Q and prepares HE ranking

h) Europe: Bologna, EHEA, ESG, ENQA: public Q + international Q labels + US NCFMEA

slide7

a)Government (Minister):

  • QA and accreditation is part of state HE policy
  • Hungary signed Bologna declaration
  • QUALITY AWARD for HEI QA activity
  • After strong expansion (fourfold increase in student number in a decade) the main focus now: quality!
  • Impact
  • Hungarian HE community accepts the need and benefit of QA and accreditation.
  • HEIs run QA systems and processes ordered by law.
  • State financing is not connected to QA and Accred.
  • Quality issue in general is now a common concern of the society.
slide8

a)Government (Minister):

  • QA and accreditation is part of state HE policy.
  • Hungary signed Bologna declaration
  • QUALITY AWARD for HEI QA activity
  • After strong expansion (fourfold increase in student number in a decade) the main issue is now: quality!
  • Impact
  • Hungarian HE community accepts the need and benefit of QA and accreditation.
  • HEIs run QA systems and processes ordered by law.
  • State financing is not connected to QA and Accred.
  • Quality issue in general is now a common concern of the society.
slide9

b)HAC1

  • Independent, mainly academic board, funded by Parliament (stakeholders spots).
  • 19 members (formally appointed by PM), majority delegated by Rector’s Conference and HAS; secretly elected president, committees, for 3+3 years.
  • Its resolutions are „expert opinions”, legal decisions become effective through minister(ial organs).
  • There is an independent HAC appeal board.
  • HAC is a European QA player, charter member of ENQA (European Association for QA in HE), its membership affirmed twice by external reviews.
  • HAC accepted and applies ESG in all respects.
slide10

b)HAC1

  • Independent, mainly academic board, funded by Parliament(stakeholders spots).
  • 12 members (formally appointed by PM), 6 delega-ted by the minister, 3 HRC, 2 HAS, 1 NCD; presi-dent selected by the minister, committees, for 6+6 years.
  • „Expert opinions” requested by the minister, decisions will be effective through ministerial organ.
  • There is an independent HAC appeal board.
  • HAC is a European QA player, charter member of ENQA (European Association for QA in HE), its membership affirmed twice with external reviews.
  • HAC accepted and applies ESG in all respects.
slide11

HAC2

  • HAC is the only accreditation body in Hungarian HE, all HEIs have to apply to HAC for external QA and accreditation.
  • HAC has a permanent secretariat (8 + 7 staff)
  • a database of ~1200 experts (acutally trained)
  • HAC introduced HE EXCELLENCE AWARDS
  • HAC has functions in external and in internal QA.
  • HAC sets public conditions and quality norms in evaluation and accreditation.
  • HAC activity and decisions are public:
  • http://www.mab.hu
slide12

HAC2

  • HAC is the only accreditation body in Hungarian HE, all HEIs have to apply for external QA and accreditation in different affairs.
  • HAC has a permanent secretariat (8 + 7)
  • a database of ~ 1200 experts (actually trained)
  • HAC introduced HE EXCELLENCE AWARDS
  • HAC has functions in external and in internal QA.
  • HAC sets public conditions and quality norms in evaluation and accreditation.
  • HAC activity and decisions are public:
  • http://www.mab.hu
slide13

HAC3

  • HAC is strengthening its international relations and actions in QA activity permanently with different actions and co-operations. HAC has an active International Advisory Board.
  • HAC has to move from evaluation of inputs to outputs. (Note! Filtering out a program at start is less painful than exclusion during the process.)
  • HAC wishes that institutions show their values and results at accreditation instead of fearing a critical evaluation. More self-esteem is needed, if it’s well founded!
  • HAC has its own Self-Assessment mechanisms.
  • HAC needs to increase its publicity.
slide14

HAC3

  • HAC is strengthening its international relations and actions in QA activity permanently with different actions and co-operations. HAC has an active International Advisory Board.
  • HAC has to move from input to output evaluation. (Note! Filtering out a program at input is less painful than exclusion during the process.)
  • HAC wishes that institutions show their values and results at accreditation instead of fearing a critical evaluation. More self-esteem is needed, if it’s well founded!
  • HAC has its own Self-Assessment mechanism.
  • HAC has to increase its publicity.
slide18

Processes(standards are published in advance):

  • Ex ante accreditations(input conditions): in 90 days
    • written proposal submitted
    • 2 HAC expert reviews (anonymous) →
    • disciplinary committees’ proposal (15 members) →
    • resolution of HAC plenum
  • Ex post accreditation(during operation): in 1 year
    • self-evaluation report (including C-SWOT) →
    • site visit by a visiting team (HAC experts, incl. student, stakeholder, QA specialist) →
    • draft of the accr. report of the visiting team →
    • comments from the HEI →
    • resolution of HAC plenum
slide19

A unique system:parallel accreditation of all doctoral schools (PhD programs) in Hungary.

  • a full, live, open access electronic database, cove- ring all 26 universities +1 college: www.doktori.hu. (Information for students!)
  • ex ante and ex post evaluation of ~200 doctoral schools, the 3rd cycle of Bologna system, including
    • documents of functions, teaching and research plans, coherency, programs of QA,
    • websites,
    • ~2200 core members evaluated individually by qualification, performance and relevance to the respective school.

This mirrors the quality of scientific output of HEI.

slide20

Impact of HAC on HEIs

  • HEIs consider the quality norms and consequences of external evaluation in all issues : applications are often prepared carefully; exceptions~25%.
  • HAC conditions and norms are the same for all – state and non-state (but state recognized) – HEIs.
  • HAC has high quality norms in order to compensate the expansive ambitions of HEIs (state financing follows student number, not quality).
  • HAC evaluations result in requests and advice for QA systems and management of HEIs.
  • HAC as a strong quality safeguard reduces the responsibility of HEIs: HAC whishes to change it!
slide21

c)HEI quality management1 – 2 documents

  • HE Act: „The HEI operates an internal QA system.
  • The HEI prepares a quality development program.
  • It specifies the process of operation, like the execu-tionofmanagement, planning, control, measurement, assessment, and consumer protection related tasks
  • regulates the rules pertaining to the evaluation oflecturer performance by the students.
  • The HEI annually revises the implementation of theprogram and
  • publishes its findings on the website.”
  • QA systems are developed, programs start formally.
slide22

c)HEI quality management1 – 2 documents

  • HE Act: „The HEI operates an internal QA system.
  • The HEI prepares a quality development program.
  • It specifies the process of operation, like the execu-tionofmanagement, planning, control, measurement,assessment, and consumer protection related tasks,
  • regulates the rules pertaining to the evaluation oflecturer performance by the students.
  • The HEI annually revises the implementation of theprogram and
  • publishes its findings on the website.”
  • QA systems are developed, programs start formally.
slide23

HEA’s question:

  • Secretariat manages (organizes) the process of accreditation (logistics, printed and e-reports, visits).
  • HAC secretariat has 15 permanent members (8 professional and 7 administrative).
  • Independent expert members of the visiting panels are selected by HAC plenum from a large database.
  • Reports are written by the visiting panel.
  • HAC delivers draft of the reports to the HEI on comments before accepting the final version.
  • Compulsory accreditation is financed by the state in the HAC’s budget
slide24

Evaluation of HEI’s proposal is financed by the HEI (fee is set by the government).

  • HAC has web-published criteria as a base for accreditation of all courses and programs.
  • Average period for one institutional and parallel program accreditation is about one year.
  • HAC conducts accreditation of the third cycle; e-databese: www.doktori.hu
slide25

QA vs. QP:

QA isn’t an art for art sake: the main aim of QA is good Quality Product: - high class graduates, - excellent science and innovation, - efficient local/social services.

slide26

Thank you for the invitation and

  • for your kind attention!