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Sensitivity and Specificity. Part II – Computations and Examples. This video is designed to accompany pages 81-94 in Making Sense of Uncertainty Activities for Teaching Statistical Reasoning Van- Griner Publishing Company. ImPACT Example.

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slide1

Sensitivity and Specificity

Part II – Computations and Examples

slide2

This video is designed to accompany

pages 81-94

in

Making Sense of Uncertainty

Activities for Teaching Statistical Reasoning

Van-Griner Publishing Company

slide3

ImPACT Example

Concern about concussions in young athletes is at an all-time high. A variety of screening tests are available for assessing concussion status, some are to be used on the field; others take more time. One such test is the “ImPACT” test, which stands for “Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing.”

How well does ImPACT perform as a screening test?

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ImPACT Example

“Sensitivity and specificity of the ImPACT Test Battery for concussion in athletes.” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 2005

FPR = 7/66 = 0.11 or 11%

Specificity = 89%

Sensitivity = 82%

FNR = 13/72 = 0.18 or 18%

slide5

Beck Inventory Example

The original BDI, first published in 1961, consisted of twenty-one questions about how the subject has been feeling in the last week. A typical question is below.

Choose the most appropriate response

(0) I do not feel sad.

(1) I feel sad.

(2) I am sad all the time and I can't snap out of it.

(3) I am so sad or unhappy that I can't stand it.

How well does Beck perform as a screening test?

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Beck Inventory Example

“Sensitivity and Specificity of Depression Questionnaires in a College-Age Sample.” Journal of Genetic Psychology, 2008, 169(3), 281–288

FPR = 12/78 = 0.14 or 14%

Specificity = 85%

Sensitivity = 71%

FNR = 5/17 = 0.29 or 29%

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Field Sobriety Testing

There are three common testing procedures implemented during an FST: horizontal gaze nystagmus (HGN), one-leg stand (OLS), and walk and turn (WAT).

Data from 296 subjects who participated in the NHTSA’s 1998 San Diego field sobriety test validation study, ordered by total scores on these three FST procedures, are available .

Let’s set a cutoff for the field rule and assess how well the rule is working as a screening test for intoxication.

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Rules

For The Test: assume that a 4 or above on the FST will tag a participant as drunk.

Concerning The Truth: assume that a BAC of 0.04% or greater means a participant is legally drunk. There were 267 study participants with BACs of 0.04% or greater.

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Task at Hand

Fill out this table!

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Field Sobriety Testing

9

11

20

20

276

256

FPR = 20/29 or 69%

Specificity = 9/29 or 31%

Sensitivity = 256/267 or 96%

FNR = 11/267 or 4%

slide11

What If?

Change the rule: assume that a 2 or above on the FST will tag a participant as drunk.

Changes that occur: FPR will surely go up and FNR will surely go down.

So the point is: how well a screening test performs is directly related to the cutoff it uses to identify a “positive.”

one sentence reflection
One-Sentence Reflection

Simple fractions are used to compute sensitivity and specificity in many situations where both test results and the truth are arrayed in 2x2 tables.