The idaho legislative process
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The Idaho Legislative Process. How a Bill Becomes A Law Idaho Council on Developmental DisABILITIES. As Introduced. As Amended in Committee. As Amended on Second Reading. As Enacted.

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The idaho legislative process

The Idaho Legislative Process

How a Bill Becomes

A Law

Idaho Council on Developmental DisABILITIES











The process

Someone has a great idea

They contact their Senator or Representative

The Process


Legislation is drafted (first step is Routing Slip or RS)

The Senator or Representative will introduce the RS in Committee


A State Agency identifies a need

The Agency drafts legislation

~ OR ~



The committee will

Vote introduce the RS in Committeeto print the legislation: it will be sent to Legislative Services to review and be given a bill

number

Vote not to print the legislation: Try again, later in the session or next year

The Committee will:


Once a bill is printed
Once a bill is printed introduce the RS in Committee

  • After being printed and receiving a bill number (H### in the House and S### in the Senate), the bill goes to the First Reading Calendar on the Floor of the chamber

  • On First Reading, the bill is introduced and assigned to a committee


Committee hearing and action
Committee hearing and action introduce the RS in Committee

Table or Hold the bill in Committee for further discussion or testimony

OR

Vote not to support the bill; this means the bill is dead for the session

OR

Vote to send the bill to the floor either with a recommendation to pass or no recommendation

OR

Vote to send the bill to the Amending Order to change the bill on the floor

The committee will put the bill on the agenda for consideration during a meeting. They will take public comment at that time. After hearing about the bill and its impact, they will do one of 4 things:


The bill goes to the floor and
The bill goes to the floor and introduce the RS in Committee

1.The bill appears on the Second Reading Calendar

2.On Third Reading, the bill’s sponsor will rise to explain the bill and open debate. The Senators or Representatives will debate the good and bad points of the bill until the Lieutenant Governor (in the Senate) or the Speaker of the House (in the House of Representatives) asks the sponsor to close debate; and then . . .


The vote
The Vote introduce the RS in Committee

  • If a majority of the House

    or Senate vote “yes”, then

    the Bill will move to the

    opposite “side of the rotunda”

    to the House or the Senate.

  • If a majority of the

    members vote “no”,

    then the bill is dead.


The bill is introduced in the other chamber

On First Reading, the bill is introduced and assigned to a committee

The bill will be sent to a committee; the Chairperson will decide if/when the bill will be considered by the committee.

The sponsor from the other side will work with the Committee Chairperson to identify a committee member to “carry” the bill in this committee.

The bill is introduced in the other chamber


Just like the first committee this committee will
Just like the first Committee, this Committee will committee

Table or Hold the bill in Committee for further discussion or testimony

OR

Vote not to support the bill; this means the bill is dead for the session

OR

Vote to send the bill to the floor either with a recommendation to pass or no recommendation

OR

Vote to send the bill to the Amending Order to change the bill on the floor

put the bill on the agenda for consideration during a meeting. They will take public comment at that time. After hearing about the bill and its impact, they will do one of 4 things:


Once again the bill goes to the floor and
Once again, the bill goes committeeto the floor and

1.The bill appears on the Second Reading Calendar

2.On Third Reading, the bill’s sponsor will rise to explain the bill and open debate. The Senators or Representatives will debate the good and bad points of the bill until the Lieutenant Governor (in the Senate) or the Speaker of the House (in the House of Representatives) asks the sponsor to close debate; and then . . .


The next vote
The Next Vote committee

If a majority of the House or Senate vote “yes”, then the Bill will move to the Governor’s desk

If a majority of the members vote “no”, then the bill is dead.


Some things worth mentioning
Some things worth mentioning committee

  • If a bill is amended in the second chamber, it must go back to the original chamber for approval of the amendments

  • Concurrent and Joint Resolutions and Memorials are handled somewhat differently from bills: for example, a Concurrent Resolution creating a legislative study committee, after passing both chambers, is held by leadership until the end of the session and then the leaders decide which study committees will be authorized



The governor can
The Governor can: approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

  • Sign the bill into law

  • Veto the bill, killing it for the year

  • Not sign the bill, but allow it to become law without his signature


After the bill is signed
After the Bill is signed, approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

  • The appropriate agency will draft rules and regulations implementing the law; these can be just as important as the law itself, and the legislature must approve them at the next session


Some interesting factoids
Some interesting “factoids” approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

  • There are 105 legislators in Idaho – 35 in the Senate and 70 in the House; this means that every Idahoan has 3 people representing them in the legislature

  • All Idaho legislators serve 2-year terms

  • Until 1969, the legislature met every other year; now it meets every year starting on the Monday on or closest to January 9

  • The longest legislative session was 118 days in 2003; the shortest sessions were 68 days in 1995, 1996, 1999, and 2002.

  • In the 2008 session, 635 bills were introduced and 413 (65%) passed; most bills were introduced in 1994 (860) and the most bills that were passed was in 2000 (487).


More interesting factoids
More interesting “factoids” approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

  • The Lieutenant Governor presides over the Senate and the Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives

  • In the Senate, votes are taken by roll call; in the House, members vote electronically by pushing a button at their desk

  • Currently there are 14 House committees and 10 Senate committees; all meetings are open to the public

  • Idaho is one of 17 states that has a “citizen legislature”: part-time, low salaries, few staff and lawmakers have other jobs

  • In 1890, legislators were paid $5/day; now they are paid $15,646/year plus $1,700 in office expenses for the session


Tracking legislation
Tracking Legislation approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

Now you know the process, but how can you track a bill?

  • On line –

    • Go to www.legislature.idaho.gov

      • Select the Legislation link

      • Select the Mini-Data Bill Status information link, then choose the bill number you want, OR

      • Select Legislative Topic Index to bills which groups bills by topic in alphabetical order and choose the bill number you want


Tracking legislation1
Tracking Legislation approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

  • On line cont’d

    • When you click on the bill number, it will give you an outline of what has happened with the bill since introduction –

      For example:

      01/31 House intro - 1st rdg - to printing

      02/01 Rpt prt - to Jud (this means the Judiciary Committee)

      02/14 Rpt out - rec d/p - to 2nd rdg

      02/15 2nd rdg - to 3rd rdg

      02/19 3rd rdg - PASSED - 69-0-1 Then it will list the names of all who voted for or against the bill

      It will also tell you the same information for the other chamber

      It will NOT give you information about what happened to the bill in a committee except if it received a recommendation to pass


Tracking legislation2
Tracking Legislation approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

  • On-line cont’d

    • After listing what has happened with the bill, it will provide

      • the full text of the bill

      • the Statement of Purpose (SOP) – a plain language version of what the bill does

      • the fiscal impact – what the bill will cost the state

      • legislative sponsors or other contacts, with phone numbers


Tracking legislation3
Tracking Legislation approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

You can also track legislation by:

  • Attending legislative committee meetings

  • Checking the websites of other organizations or agencies

  • Networking with others who share your concerns

  • Reading the newspaper, watching TV

  • Getting legislative alerts from organizations


Some helpful websites
Some helpful websites approves all budget bills; no public testimony is allowed during this process, although the Committee sometimes seeks input from the germane committee chairs or other experts.

Idaho Legislature Home Page: http://www.legislature.idaho.gov

State of Idaho Home Page:

http://www.idaho.gov

Council on Developmental Disabilities Home Page:

http://www.icdd.idaho.gov

State Independent Living Council Home Page:

http://www.silc.idaho.gov


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