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L. 4 Grammar. A wa B ga Verb. A wa B ga Verb. Remember??. (person) WA (thing) GA Wakarimasu. (person) WA (thing) GA dekimasu. (person) WA (thing) GA irimasu. (person) WA (Inanimate object/ event) GA Arimasu. (person) WA (People/animal) GA Imasu.

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Person wa thing ga wakarimasu
(person) WA (thing) GA Wakarimasu.


Person wa thing ga dekimasu
(person) WA (thing) GA dekimasu.


Person wa thing ga irimasu
(person) WA (thing) GA irimasu.


Person wa inanimate object event ga arimasu person wa people animal ga imasu
(person) WA (Inanimate object/ event) GA Arimasu. (person) WA (People/animal) GA Imasu.


Negative statement a wa b wa ga verb masen
Negative StatementA wa B wa/ga (Verb)-masen.


Person wa thing wa ga deki masen wakari masen iri masen
(person) WA (thing) WA/GA Dekimasen/ Wakarimasen. Irimasen.


Person wa thing wa ga arimasen imasen
(person) WA (thing) WA/GA Arimasen/ Imasen.





Q thing wa ga verb masu ka a hai verb masu iie verb masen
Q: (thing) WA/GA (verb)-masu ka.A: Hai, (verb)-masu./ Iie, (verb)-masen.





What would be an appropriate question for each of the following answers
What would be an appropriate question for each of the following answers?

  • Furansugo ga wakarimasu.

  • Nihon no kuruma desu.

  • Inu ga imasu.

  • Tanaka-san ga irimasu ka.

  • Keizai desu.

  • Terebi geemu desu.

  • Haha no hon desu.

  • Tenisu ga dekimasu.


Particle wa contrast
Particle WA following answers? Contrast

  • Supeingo WA wakarimasu kedo, Furansugo WA wakarimasen.

  • Miruku WA arimasu kedo, satoo WA arimasen.

  • Tenisu WA dekimasen. (but, I can play other kinds of sports.)

  • Okane WA irimasen. (but, I need other things.)


A wa b ga arimasu imasu
A wa B ga # Arimasu/ Imasu following answers?


A wa b ga arimasu imasu1
A wa B ga # Arimasu/ Imasu following answers?


Particle mo

Particle MO following answers?


A wa b mo verb
A wa B following answers?MO Verb


A mo b ga verb
A following answers?MO B ga Verb


Ko so a do

Ko-So-A-DO following answers?


Kore wa nan desu ka what is this
Kore following answers? wa nan desu ka. (What is this?)

?


Sore wa nan desu ka what is that one close to you
Sore following answers? wa nan desu ka. (What is thatone close to you?)

?


Are wa nan desu ka what is that one over there
Are following answers? wa nan desu ka. (What is that one over there?)

?


Kore sore
Kore-Sore following answers?

  • Q: Sore wa nan desu ka.

  • A: Kore wa pen desu.

?


Kore sore1
Kore-Sore following answers?

Q: Kore wa nan desu ka.

A: Sore wa pen desu.

?


L 4 grammar
Dore?? following answers?


L 4 grammar
Dore?? following answers?


L 4 grammar
Dore?? following answers?


L 4 grammar
Dore?? following answers?