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BEHAVIOR BASED SAFETY & YOU!!! PART I. 3 DISTINCT ELEMENTS OF SAFETY. HUMAN ATTRIBUTES (KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITY, INTELLIGENCE, MOTIVES, ETC. ….WHAT DO YOU KNOW …WHAT CAN I DO ….DOING IT WELL VS. JUST DOING IT. 3 DISTINCT ELEMENTS OF SAFETY II.

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3 DISTINCT ELEMENTS OF SAFETY

  • HUMAN ATTRIBUTES (KNOWLEDGE, SKILLS, ABILITY, INTELLIGENCE, MOTIVES, ETC.

    ….WHAT DO YOU KNOW

    …WHAT CAN I DO

    ….DOING IT WELL VS. JUST DOING IT


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3 DISTINCT ELEMENTS OF SAFETY II

2… WORK ENVIRONMENT: (EQUIPMENT, TOOLS, MACHINES, PROCEDURES, FACILITES, ETC.)

…INDOORS/OUTDOORS (OSHA…NO SHADE PROVIDED & NOT ENOUGH DRINKING WATER)


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3 DISTINCT ELEMENTS OF SAFETY III

3…BEHAVIOR: (WHAT PEOPLE DO)

  • WE ARE ATTRACTED TO NEGATIVE BEHAVIOR

  • WHO DROVE THE SPEED LIMIT THIS WEEKEND/TODAY?

  • WHO TEXTED OR TALKED ON CELL COMING HERE TODAY ?

  • WE PUSH THE ENVELOPE


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NEAR MISSES:

  • UNSAFE BEHAVIORS DON’T ALWAYS RESULT IN ACCIDENTS

  • NEAR MISSES ARE GOLDEN OPPORTUNITIES TO PREVENT FUTURE ISSUES

  • DON’T IGNORE UNSAFE BEHAVIOR

  • WE DO A LOT OF UNSAFE THINGS & GET AWAY WITH IT.. DOES THAT MAKE IT OK?

  • EVENTUALLY IT WILL CATCH UP TO US


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What is Behavior Based Safety

  • Human behavior causes most accidents

  • – Comfort

  • – Saving Time

  • – Convenience

  • – Lack of understanding and training

  • – Complacency

  • – Wrong Safety focus

  • – Celebrating production over safety


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SAFETY TOOLS NEEDED:

  • Safety Manual

  • – Procedures

  • – MSDS MANUALS

  • – PPE

  • – Observations

  • – Audits


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ACCEPTED PERCEPTIONS

RIGHT HAND VS LEFT HAND


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BEHAVIORAL BASED SAFETY…

  • IT CANNOT BE SUCCESSFUL STANDING ALONE

  • IT IS AN ELEMENT TO BE USED IN COMBINATION WITH OTHER ELEMENTS

  • CAN’T BE THE FLAVOR OF THE MONTH

  • IT’S NOT A MAGIC BULLET OR SHORTCUT…..


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INCENTIVE PROGRAMS….

  • Incentive programs

    can give a wrong focus on safety and health.

  • They will not improve the HSE

  • It will just give us more “fat cats”


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FOUNDATION CONCEPTS…

It is better to slay a dragon than to teach people ways to live peacefully with him!!!

WHATS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN TRADITIONAL & BEHAVIORAL–BASED SAFETY PROGRAMS???


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TRADITIONAL……..

  • TYPICALLY A TOP-DOWN APPROACH

  • FOCUS ON REGUALTIONS & PROCEDURES

  • TREATS SYMPTOMS

  • EXTERNAL ENFORCEMENT

  • DO AS I SAY…JUST DO IT… BUT WHEN BACK IS TURNED…THEY WILL DO WHAT THEY WANT TO DO


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BEHAVIORAL BASED…..

  • IS A BOTTOM-UP APPROACH

  • FOCUS ON EMPLOYEE BEHAVIORS

  • ADDRESSES ROOT CAUSES

  • INTERNAL ENFORCEMENT


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BY THE NUMBERS:

ACCIDENT/INCIDENT

INCIDENTS…….600

PROPERTY DAMAGE... 30

MINOR INJURY…10

LOST-TIME INJURY….1

CHANGE BEHAVIOR AT “600” LEVEL & YOU CAN PREVENT THE OTHER 3 RESULTING ITEMS


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$$$$ THE COST $$$$

FOR EVERY $1.00 OF DIRECT COSTS FOR INJURY/ILLNESS THERE ARE UP TO $100.00 OF INDIRECT COSTS


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BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS I

  • WHAT ARE BEHAVIORS?

  • ARE BEHAVIORS OBSERVABLE?

  • ARE BEHAVIORS INHERENTLY “GOOD” OR “BAD”?


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BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS II

  • BEHAVIORS RESULT IN POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES FOR WORKERS.

  • IMMEDIATE, SURE & GOOD CONSEQUENCES REINFORCED.

  • IMMEDIATE, SURE & BAD CONSEQUENCES REFUTED.


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Unsafe Acts vs. Unsafe Conditions

80-85% of all incidents are the result of unsafe acts;

15-20% of all incidents are the result of unsafe conditions.

Question: If true, why are most efforts geared towards unsafe conditions?

Answer: It’s easier to deal with unsafe conditions than unsafe acts.


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THE CHALLENGE…..

REALIZE THE VALUE OF DOING THINGS THE RIGHT WAY