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2009 AE Senior Thesis Presentation

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MICHAEL P. GARDNER. 2009 AE Senior Thesis Presentation. Mixed-Use Project. Eastern United States. Thesis Overview. Lighting Systems Re-design of four spaces Electrical Systems Circuit and Panel re-designs Electrical Depths Bus Duct vs. Conduit & Wire Transformer Comparison

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slide1
MICHAEL P. GARDNER

2009 AE Senior Thesis Presentation

Mixed-Use Project

Eastern United States

slide2
Thesis Overview
  • Lighting Systems
      • Re-design of four spaces
      • Electrical Systems
          • Circuit and Panel re-designs
          • Electrical Depths
              • Bus Duct vs. Conduit & Wire
              • Transformer Comparison
              • Architectural Breadth
                  • Fit-out of Retail Space
                  • Mechanical Breadth
                  • Peak Cooling Load
                  • Duct Sizing
slide3
Thesis Overview

Presentation Overview

  • Lighting Systems
      • Re-design of four spaces
      • Electrical Systems
          • Circuit and Panel re-designs
          • Electrical Depths
              • Bus Duct vs. Conduit & Wire
              • Transformer Comparison
              • Architectural Breadth
                  • Fit-out of Retail Space
                  • Mechanical Breadth
                  • Peak Cooling Load
                  • Duct Sizing
  • Building Information
  • Electrical Depth
      • Bus Duct vs. Conduit & Wire Study
      • Lighting Depths
          • Space 1: Residential Lobby
          • Space 2: Fitness Room
          • Space 3: Outdoor Courtyard
          • Architectural Breadth + Lighting Depth
                  • Space 4: Retail Space
                  • Conclusions
                  • Acknowledgements
slide4
Building Information

Location

  • OWNER:
  • ARCHITECT:
  • GC:
  • LANDSCAPE:
  • CIVIL:
  • STRUCTURAL:
  • MECH & PLUMBING:
  • ELECTRICAL:
  • Eastern United States
  • Metropolitan neighborhood with many stores and restaurants nearby
  • This information withheld at Owner’s request
  • Types of Occupancy:
  • Levels Above Grade:
  • Levels Below Grade:
  • Estimated Cost:
  • Residential and Commercial
  • 9 – Apartments and Office Space
  • 4 – Parking and Systems
  • $ 48 Million

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide5
Building Information

Slide Show Orientation

  • OWNER:
  • ARCHITECT:
  • GC:
  • LANDSCAPE:
  • CIVIL:
  • STRUCTURAL:
  • MECH & PLUMBING:
  • ELECTRICAL:
  • This information withheld at Owner’s request
  • Types of Occupancy:
  • Levels Above Grade:
  • Levels Below Grade:
  • Estimated Cost:
  • Residential and Commercial
  • 9 – Apartments and Office Space
  • 4 – Parking and Systems
  • $ 48 Million

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide6
Spaces for Redesign

Slide Show Orientation

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

Retail Space

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide7
Electrical Depth – BUS DUCT VS. CONDUIT & WIRE STUDY
  • A cost comparison between the use of aluminum bus duct to aluminum wire in steel conduit.
  • Study:
  • Determined total length of run from Construction Documents to be 265 feet
  • Consulted RS Means: Electrical Cost Data for cost estimation
  • Adjusted for the appropriate location
  • Methods:
  • Recommend bus duct to be used in this case.
  • Savings of approximately $1,520.00
  • Conclusion:

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide8
Electrical Depth – BUS DUCT VS. CONDUIT & WIRE STUDY

Cost vs. Run Length (ft)

  • A cost comparison between the use of aluminum bus duct to aluminum wire in steel conduit.
  • Study:
  • Determined total length of run from Construction Documents to be 265 feet
  • Consulted RS Means: Electrical Cost Data for cost estimation
  • Adjusted for the appropriate location
  • Methods:
  • Recommend bus duct to be used in this case.
  • Savings of approximately $1,520.00
  • Conclusion:

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide9
Lighting Depth – RESIDENTIAL LOBBY
  • Theme:
  • Luxurious and upscale environments
  • Various IESNA Handbook criteria
  • Target illuminance values
  • ASHRAE 90.1 Power Allowances
  • Criteria:
  • Goal:
  • To promote a public feel to the space.

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide10
Lighting Depth – RESIDENTIAL LOBBY

Spatial Information

  • Area:
  • Approximately 1,300 square feet
  • Lounge
  • Ceiling:
  • Heights of 8, 11, and 13 feet
  • Concierge
  • Circulation
  • Materials:
  • Floors of carpet and limestone tile
  • Walls of painted gypsum wall board and wall coverings
  • Ceiling of painted gypsum wall board
  • Entry

N

  • Carpet
  • GWB
  • Limestone
  • Wall Covering

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide11
Lighting Depth – RESIDENTIAL LOBBY

Lighting Plan

  • Methods:
  • Emphasizing peripherals
  • Indirect lighting to brighten environment
  • Task lighting for reading/writing
  • Sconces for direction and decoration
  • Results:
  • Circulation illuminance target = 10 fc
  • Actual = 19.99 fc
  • Lounge task illuminance target = 30 fc
  • Actual = 34.91 fc

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide12
Lighting Depth – RESIDENTIAL LOBBY

Renderings

  • View from Lounge Area
  • View from Concierge Desk
  • Pseudo-Color Rendering of Lobby Floor @ max 30 fc

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide13
Lighting Depth – FITNESS ROOM
  • Illuminance value of 30 footcandles at floor
  • Power density of 0.9 W/ft2 = 1,676 watts
  • Criteria:
  • Goal:
  • To achieve sufficient light levels for exercise.
  • To maintain a clean look.
  • To enhance outdoor views.
  • Methods:
  • Recessed, diffuse lighting
  • Energy efficient fluorescent sources
  • Results:
  • Average illuminance = 29.88 fc(under 30 fc)
  • Total wattage = 1,185 W – Power Density met!

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide14
Lighting Depth – FITNESS ROOM

Lighting Plan

  • Illuminance value of 30 footcandles at floor
  • Power density of 0.9 W/ft2 = 1,676 watts
  • Criteria:
  • Goal:
  • To achieve sufficient light levels for exercise.
  • To maintain a clean look.
  • To enhance outdoor views.
  • Methods:
  • Recessed, diffuse lighting
  • Energy efficient fluorescent sources
  • Results:
  • Average illuminance = 29.88 fc(under 30 fc)
  • Total wattage = 1,185 W – Power Density met!

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide15
Lighting Depth – FITNESS ROOM

Renderings

  • Pseudo-Color of Floor @ max 40 fc
  • Angled array of fixtures for more uniform distribution
  • Highlighted calculation points
  • View looking east into Courtyard

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide16
Lighting Depth – OUTDOOR COURTYARD
  • Illuminance value of 3 footcandles at ground
  • Power density of 0.2 W/ft2 = 535 watts
  • Criteria:
  • Goal:
  • To achieve sufficient light levels for navigation.
  • To highlight the landscape materials.
  • To illuminate walls to better views from the fitness room.
  • Methods:
  • MR16 landscape fixtures
  • LED grazing luminaires
  • Results:
  • Average illuminance = 3.3 fc(above 3) met!
  • Total wattage = 1,359 W – (over allowable) not met

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide17
Lighting Depth – OUTDOOR COURTYARD

Spatial Information

  • Area:
  • 2,675 square feet
  • Alley Way
  • Space:
  • Long, narrow space
  • Fitness room curtain wall protrudes into space
  • Planters
  • Planters
  • Materials:
  • Ground made of stone blocks
  • Planters on eastern wall made of brick
  • Japanese maple trees and bamboo landscaping
  • Garage Exhaust Structure
  • Courtyard Ground
  • Fitness Room

N

  • Japanese Maple
  • Hale Black Bamboo
  • Dwarf Bisset Bamboo

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide18
Lighting Depth – OUTDOOR COURTYARD

Lighting Design

  • Luminaires
  • Purpose
  • Alley Way
  • Highlighting Garage Exhaust wall
  • Providing luminance through windows
  • LED Graze
  • Planters
  • Planters
  • Garage Exhaust Structure
  • MR16 Spot/Accent
  • Accenting landscape materials
  • Courtyard Ground
  • Provide light near entries/exits
  • CFL Sconce
  • In-ground Wall Accent
  • Accent stone wall on southern side
  • Fitness Room

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide19
Lighting Depth – OUTDOOR COURTYARD

Renderings

  • Sectional view towards Alley

N

  • Viewing South

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide20
Lighting Depth – OUTDOOR COURTYARD

Renderings

  • Looking inside the Fitness Room
  • Looking outside the Fitness Room

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide21
Architectural Breadth– RETAIL SPACE

Original Plan

  • Retail Space requires tenant fit-out for lighting design.
  • Problem:
  • Concrete Shell
  • Concrete columns throughout
  • Total area of approximately 3,000 sf
  • Research:
  • Tenant chosen to be boutique fashion store.
  • Personal shopping experience.
  • Highlight merchandise displays.
  • Low light levels for circulation.
  • High light levels for clothing, jewelry etc.
  • Solution:
  • Clean, elegant materials
  • Evoke contrasting warm/cool feelings

N

  • Existing Layout

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide22
Architectural Breadth– RETAIL SPACE

Dolce & Gabbana - D&G LINE

  • Retail Space requires tenant fit-out for lighting design.
  • Problem:
  • Research:
  • Tenant chosen to be boutique fashion store.
  • Personal shopping experience.
  • Highlight merchandise displays.
  • Low light levels for circulation.
  • High light levels for clothing, jewelry etc.
  • High-end fashion
  • Confident
  • Glamorous
  • Youthful
  • Energetic
  • Solution:
  • Clean, elegant materials
  • Evoke contrasting warm/cool feelings
  • www.dolcegabbana.com/deg/

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide23
Architectural Breadth– RETAIL SPACE

Layouts

  • Breakdown:
  • Cash Wrap
  • Fine Merchandise
  • Clothing Displays
  • Window Displays
  • Remaining space for storage, fitting rooms, restrooms etc.

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide24
Architectural Breadth– RETAIL SPACE

Final Layout

  • Breakdown:
  • Cash Wrap
  • Fine Merchandise
  • Clothing Displays
  • Window Displays
  • Remaining space for storage, fitting rooms, restrooms etc.
  • Sales Area of 2,120 sf
  • Fine Merchandise Hall
  • Displays not cluttered

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide25
Lighting Depth – RETAIL SPACE

Lighting Plan

  • Illuminance on merchandise = 50 – 100 fc
  • Illuminance for circulation = 10 fc
  • Criteria:
  • To attract the customer through the store.
  • To direct attention towards merchandise displays.
  • To evoke warm feeling at cash wrap.
  • To evoke cool, refreshing feelings near merchandise.
  • Goals:
  • Methods:
  • Halogen track lighting
  • Color changing accents
  • Results:
  • Merchandise illuminance = >60 fc(within range) met!
  • Circulation illuminance = >10 fc met!

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide26
Lighting Depth – RETAIL SPACE

Lighting Plan

  • Illuminance on merchandise = 50 – 100 fc
  • Illuminance for circulation = 10 fc
  • Criteria:
  • Pinhole downlight
  • To attract the customer through the store.
  • To direct attention towards merchandise displays.
  • To evoke warm feeling at cash wrap.
  • To evoke cool, refreshing feelings near merchandise.
  • Goals:
  • Track accent
  • Methods:
  • Halogen track lighting
  • Color changing accents
  • Decorative downlight
  • Results:
  • Merchandise illuminance = >60 fc(within range) met!
  • Circulation illuminance = >10 fc met!
  • CFL downlight

N

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide27
Lighting Depth – RETAIL SPACE

Directing Attention

  • Merchandise Displays
  • Window Displays
  • Color-changing LEDs
  • Focusing light on merchandise
  • Full-height frosted glass enclosures for Power Allowance Exemption

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide28
Lighting Depth – RETAIL SPACE

Subjective Impressions

  • Warmth: Entrance and Cash Wrap
  • Coolness: Merchandise Areas

Retail Space

Building Information

Electrical Depth

Residential Lobby

Fitness Room

Outdoor Courtyard

slide29
Conclusions

Designed effective lighting solutions for four spaces

Recommended an economical materials selection

Designed the layout for a boutique fashion shop

Learned the importance of designing to Power Density Allowances

Learned the importance of time management skills

slide30
Conclusions

Acknowledgements

Thank you to:

Designed effective lighting solutions for four spaces

Recommended an economical materials selection

Designed the layout for a boutique fashion shop

Learned the importance of designing to Power Density Allowances

Learned the importance of time management skills

Owner and Project Manager

Dr. Richard Mistrick

Prof. Ted Dannerth

Dr. Kevin Houser

Prof. Bob Holland

Billy Hodges

Fellow Students

My family and friends

slide31
Thank you!

Questions?

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