Western Expansion. TEST REVIEW. TELEGRAPH. 1861 the telegraph used electricity to send news across the country. Developed by Samuel Morse. PONY EXPRESS. These riders could deliver mail across the West from Missouri to California in just 10 days . TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD.
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Western Expansion TEST REVIEW
TELEGRAPH • 1861 the telegraph used electricity to send news across the country. • Developed by Samuel Morse
PONY EXPRESS • These riders could deliver mail across the West from Missouri to California in just 10 days.
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD • This connected the country from Nebraska to California. • Central Pacific railroad began in Sacramento California and went across the Sierra Nevada mountains. • Central Pacific used Chinese workers to build across the mountains • Union Pacific went across the great plains • The tracks met at Promontory Point, Utah
PIONEERS ON THE PLAINS • Homestead Act-A law that offered free land to American citizens and immigrants. • Homesteader-a settler who claimed land using the Homestead Act • Sodbuster- a farmer I the Great Plains who had to rip up tough grass before planting crops • Exoduster-African Americans who left the discrimination in the East to settle on the Great Plains.
Great Plains • Challenges faced by homesteaders were: • Harsh weather • Grasshoppers • Thick sod • Technology: Strong steel plows • Windmills • Barbed wire
COWBOYS AND MINERS • Cattle Drive- a huge herd of cattle guided by cowboys • Gold rush- a period of time when people went West in search of gold • 1859 Gold is found in the Rockies • Cattle were shipped to the east because they were worth more money • Barbed wire fences and railroads brought the cattle drives to an end
GOLD • Lasting effects of gold rushes were: • More people in the west • Supply stations grew into major cities • Opportunities for entreprenuers
Native Americans • reservation-an area of land set aside for Native Americans • Battle of Little Bighorn- the battle in which General Custer was defeated by the Lakota and Cheyenne tribes. • Chief Joseph and Nez Perce surrounded by US forces.
Native Americans • Threats to their way of life were: • Decline in buffalo • Spreading telegraph and railroad lines • Arrival of miners, farmers, and ranchers
Custer’s Last Stand • Custer and all his men were killed in the battle at little big horn.