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Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America. Not because of any geographical similarity! 4 times larger than Switzerland highest peak is only 501 m no chocolate or watches! and certainly no Yodeling!. Swiss-like attributes (30-60s): peaceful country with a bountiful economy

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Uruguay the switzerland of south america
Uruguay: the Switzerland of South America


Uruguay the switzerland of south america


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

  • Swiss-like attributes (30-60s):

  • peaceful country with a bountiful economy

  • home to South America's first democracy

  • cradle-to-grave welfare system

  • urban, homogeneous and educated population

Changes in world trade patterns led Uruguay into economic and political decline: not longer the Switzerland of South America



Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Denmark

Albania

Ireland

Lesotho

plus 9 x Andorra

or 9000 Vatican cities!!!


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Brazil

Paraguay

Argentina

?

Spain

Portugal

England


Charr as
Charrúas

  • nomadic people

  • fishing and foraging

  • no permanent structures

  • killed explorer Juan Díaz de Solís

    during his 1515 voyage up the Río de la Plata

  • 1831: massacred at Salsipuedes ("Get-out-if-you-can")

  • 4 survivors were taken to a museum and died in France


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

  • 1680: Portuguese founded Colonia as a rival to Spanish-held Buenos Aires

  • 1726: Spain responded by building its own citadel at Montevideo

  • 1815: the national hero, José Gervasio Artigas, declared independence

  • 1816-1820: Portuguese captured Montevideo and Artigas fled to Paraguay

  • 1821: Uruguay was annexed to Brazil


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

  • 1825: “33 orientales" ("33 Easterners") issued a declaration of independence

  • Uruguay's first president, Rivera: the Colorados party (reds).

  • The second president, Oribe: the Blancos party (whites)

  • 1903-1929: President Batlle y Ordóñez: welfare state funded by meat and wool exports: “the Switzerland of South America”

  • 1950s: decline as successive governments struggled to maintain a large bureaucracy and social benefits


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

1960s: political and social crisis and left-wing terrorist activity

1973: military dictators control government, thousands of prisoners

1985: the brutal military regime ended; political and civil rights were restored

1980-90s: reforms to reduce inflation and public sector, and privatization

2002: recession and budget deficit, a growing public debt, and a weakening of the peso on international markets

2004: first victory of a left party: Socialist Broad Front won


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

  • Population activity

  • white 94% (European)

  • mestizo 6%

  • amerindian nonexistent

  • estimated 600,000 Uruguayans emigrated

  • Spain, Italy, Argentina, Brazil, Australia and USA

  • Roman Catholic (62%)

  • Protestant (4%)

  • Jewish (3%),

  • nonprofessing group (31%)


Education
Education activity

  • High literacy rate

  • Compulsory for students aged 6–11

  • Free at all levels

  • Montevideo: centre for higher education

  • The University of the Republic (1849): distinguished medical school

  • that draws students from the region

  • Vocational training: Labour University of Uruguay (1878)

  • Catholic University of Uruguay (1985): prominent private institution

  • Discrepancy between university training and job opportunities

  • Substantial level of emigration of the best-educated young professionals


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

March to June 60-70F activity

December to March 80-100F

June to September 40-60F

September to December 60-70F


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

  • August 2005 activity

  • 120 miles/h wind

  • 20,000 lost electricity and telephone

  • airport was shut down

  • 7 people killed


Economy
Economy activity

  • Gross domestic product: U$11,646 (ranked 61st)

  • Unemployment rate: 10.8%

  • External debt: $11.4 billion

  • Exports: $ 4.0 billion

    • Meat, rice, leather products, dairy, wool, electricity

    • Brazil , US, Argentina, China, Germany, Russia, Mexico

  • Imports: $4.5 billion

    • Vehicles, electrical and industrial machinery, metals, petroleum

    • Brazil, Argentina, US, Paraguay, China, Venezuela


Economy1
Economy activity

  • Tourism

    • Seaside resorts

    • Punta del Este: jet set playground of South America

    • Ecotourism

    • International cruises: October to March

    • Montevideo: Mercosur secretariat,

      • Common Market of the South (Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)

  • Software and consulting

    • well-educated workforce and lower wages: IT field

    • Tata Group: headquarters for the Spanish speaking world

  • “Zona America” Business and Technology Park

  • Financial and educational center for the Mercosur ???


Gauchos
Gauchos activity



Uruguay the switzerland of south america
Mate activity


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Tango activity

Carlos Gardel



Soccer two world cups
Soccer: Two world Cups activity

  • 1930: vs Argentina 4-2

  • 1950: vs Brazil 2-1

    • Maracana stadium

    • Maracanazo: "The Maracana Blow“

    • one of the biggest upsets in football history



Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Montevideo activity


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

“Monte vide eu” activity

“Monte VI De Este a Oeste”


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

La Rambla activity



Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Ferias activity


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Punta del Este activity

“Pearl of the Atlantic“

“the Hamptons of Latin America”


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Punta del Este activity





Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Cabo Polonio activity





Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Thermal springs activity


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Eco-estancias activity


Uruguay the switzerland of south america

Hector’ s tavern activity

“Uruguayans love beef, mate, soccer, the beach, and relaxing (but they are not lazy)!”