Informative Speech Provides the audience with new information, insight, ways of thinking about a topic Persuasive Intended to influence the attitudes, beliefs, values, or acts of others Types Speeches
Ceremonial Speeches • Introduction- speech designed to pave the way for the main speaker 2-3min • Presentation- Speech that present an award, a prize or a gift to an individual or a group 3-5 min • Acceptance- a response to a presentation 1-2 min
Welcoming- speech that expresses pleasure for the presence of a person or an organization 2-3 min • Tribute- speech that praises someone’s accomplishments 4-6 min • Roasts & Toasts • Eulogies Speeches of Inspiration • Commencement address- a speech presented by a major political, business, or a social figure, or a prominent alumnus, during graduation ceremonies
Keynote address- a speech presented near the beginning of an organization’s conference or convention that is designed to inspire participants in their work • Commemorative address- speeches that are presented to celebrate national holidays or anniversaries of important dates and events
Special Occasion Speech Assignment • Choose any type of special occasion speech that you would like to present • Time 2-3 minutes • Outline: Required • Notes: 1 side of 1 3x5 index card • Visuals: 1 required
FEAR • HUMILIATION • NOT BEING PREPARED • ONE’S LOOKS • PRESSURE TO PERFORM • PERSONAL INSECURITY • AUDIENCE’S INTEREST • LACK OF EXPERIENCE • MAKING MISTAKES • FAILURE
Nervous- a state of fear or anxiety about public speaking interaction • Cognitive nervousness- thinking about how nervous you are likely to be • Behavioral nervousness- physically displaying characteristics of nervousness
YOU ARE GOING TO FEEL MORE NERVOUS THAN YOU LOOK • ALMOST EVERY SPEAKER EXPERIENCE SOME DEGREE OF NERVOUSNESS • ANXIETY CAN BE USEFUL
BUILD YOUR CONFIDENCE • DO NOT PROCRASTINATE • KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE • APPROPRIATE TOPIC • BE PREPARED • BE WELL ORGANIZED • KNOW YOUR INTRODUCTION AND CONCLUSION • RE-CREATE THE ENVIRONMENT
USE DEEP BREATHING TECNIQUES • CHANNEL YOUR NERVOUS ENERGY • VISULAIZE SUCCESS • GIVE YOURSELF A MENTAL PEP TALK • FOCUS ON YOUR MESSAGE RATHER THAN YOUR FEAR • LOOK FOR A POSITIVE LISTENER • SEEK SPEAKING OPPORTUNITIES • AFTER THE SPEECH FOCUS ON YOUR ACCOMPLISHMENT
YOUR FIRST SPEECH • Speech goal- what you want your listeners to know, believe, or do • General goal- the type of speech you are intending to give- informing, or persuading • Specific goal- a complete sentence that specifies the exact response the speaker wants from the audience • Speech material- the factual, humorous, exciting, or interesting information that you have gathered to present in your speech
Chronological organization- following an order that moves from first to last • Topical organization- following the order of headings • Adaptation- relating a speech to the audience interests and needs • Visual Aids- they help clarify, emphasize, or dramatize the verbal information • Language- ideas communicated through verbal and nonverbal means • Delivery- how you effectively use your voice and gestures while giving a speech
Effective speech plan • Determine a goal • Gather information • Organize information • Develop a strategy • Create visual aids • Practice wording • Practice delivery
FIRST SPEECH ASSIGNMENT • Introduction Speech • Time Limit: 2-3 min • Notes Allowed: 1 side of 1 3x5 index card • Outline: None • Visual Aids: Optional • Sources: Yourself • Express yourself! Who are you? What are your likes and dislikes? You have two minutes to introduce yourself to the class. What are the important details of your life that you would like to share?
Cultural Cuisine • In the workplace, as well as the classroom, we will work and communicate with people of diverse backgrounds. You will be required to examine your culture and the cultures of your classmates. During the cultural cuisine we will explore differences, similarities, stereotypes, and superstitions. Bring a dish from your culture. Bring enough to share with the class. • Assignment Style: Informal Oral Presentation • Written Requirements: Cultural Cuisine Questionnaire (provided) • Presentation Aides: A food or beverage from culture.