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WEAVING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WEAVING . HISTORY OF WEAVING.

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history of weaving
HISTORY OF WEAVING

Weaving is the systematic interlacing of two or more sets of elements usually, but not necessarily, at right angles, to form a coherent structure. No one knows when or where the weaving process actually began, but as far back as there are relics of civilized life, it is thought that weaving was a part of developing cultures.

  • Why weaving hasn’t survived?

Climatic conditions,fire ,erosion and insects

  • Why have remnants of fabrics survived?

Arid regions, bog lands, sealed tombs, and extremely cold areas. Because of these artifacts we have some examples of early textiles and weaving tools.

slide3

The every day needs of our prehistoric ancestors led them to create objects using fiber as a medium. It is thought that ancient humans instinctively used weaving as an aid in their quest for basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. Men realized the possibilities of the woven structure after observing spider webs, birds' nests, or the construction of a beaver's dam. These findings led to the interlacing of twigs or vines, and resulted in netting which surely assisted humans in catching fish and trapping game. In addition, by using twining or braiding techniques, it is likely that primitive people learned to make mats to cover floors of huts, which helped insulate against dampness or cold. Later, people used weaving skills for outside of the shelters.

slide5

One valued artifact of ancient weaving is the funerary model of a weaver's workshop, which was found in an Egyptian tomb. This model contains a horizontal loom, warping devices and other tools, and weavers in action. We can also take note of the garments worn by the people.

weaving among ancient hebrews
WEAVING AMONG ANCIENT HEBREWS

ANCIENT FABRICS OF THE HEBREWS DATE BACKAS EARLY AS 3OOO B.C. THE MOST COMMON WERE WOOL AND LINEN. LINEN WAS VERY EXPENSIVE AND IN THE OLD TESTAMENT WE READ ABOUT THIS .IT INDICATES THAT SOME GARMENTS MADE OF LINEN HAD GOLD AND SILVER. ONE LAW STATED THAT IT WAS PROHIBITIVE TO WEAR FABRICS MADE FROM MIXING LINEN AND WOOL FIBERS.

weaving in china
WEAVING IN CHINA

China wasthefirst country tocultivatesilk.Thesilkwormcocoonisprocessed . Thiswormisfedwithspecialleaves .

As weavers in China began using silk in many of their elegant garments and tapestries, and later, as fabrics began to be exported, people outside of China became envious and somewhat resentful of the discovery. Despite the interest and curiosity of others, the process of cultivating silk remained a mystery and a well-kept secret to the outside world for over 3000 years.

slide14

Weaving in Peru

  • Most of the relics, which date back to 5800 B.C.E., were found in burial sites. Tools were simple, but weavings show a great variety of techniques, including tapestry, and embroidery. Cotton was grown along the coast and was the predominant fiber used in the lower elevations. In the mountainous areas, the Peruvians raised sheep and llama for wool and alpaca
slide18

METRIC BAND AND BODY MEASUREMENTS:THE METRIC BAND HAS INCHES AND CENTIMETERS.IT IS USED IN MEASURING PARTS OF THE BODY WHEN MAKING A PATTERN.

  • WAIST: MEASURE AROUND THE THINNEST PART OF YOUR TORSO.
  • HIP: MEASURE AROUND THE WIDEST PART OF YOUR HIPS.
  • HEIGHT HIP: MEASURE SIDEWAYS FROM YOUR WAIST TO THE MOST PREDOMINANT POINT OFF YOUR BUTTOCK.
  • LENGTH: MEASURE FROM THE WAIST TO THE LENGTH DESIRED.
  • HEM: MEASURE AROUND THE WIDTH OF THE LOWER PART OF YOUR PANT.
  • TIRO: SIT ON A CHAIR AND MEASURE FROM THE WAIST TO THE SEAT OF THE CHAIR
vocabulary
VOCABULARY

Weaving : a systematicinterlacing of twoor more sets of elementsusually at rightanglestoform a coherentstructure.

TWIG : a thinbranchfrom a tree

vine : a climbingplant

Artifact: manmadeobjectusuallywithhistoricvalue.

Fabrics: textiles, cloths,materials.

Crafts: a skillfulactivity of makingthingsbyhand.

Dyes: to color orstainsomethingbysoakingit in a solution.

Embellish: a decorationaddedtoanobjecttomakeit look beautiful.

Loom: weavingapparatushandmadeormachine usedtomakethreadoryarnintocloth.

Aesthetic:beautiful, pleasing in appearance.

Garments:clothe

Embroidery:thecraft of usingneedleworktomakedecorativedesigns.

slide20

History of fashion - 14 century

RUBRICS 25 PTS.

8 SLIDES

PICTURE PER SLIDE 10 pts.

INFORMATION ON EACH SLIDE 8 pts

Oral information 7 pts.

Groups of three

slide21

Pattern 15 pts. Following instructions

label ,precise measurements

Piñata : 30 ptsFollowinginstructions

usingcorrectmaterials

correctsize