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World History Chapter 5 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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World History Chapter 5 . Test Review. Mountains cover ______________ of Ancient Greece, leaving ____________________ of the land as farmable. Indo-Europeans who settled in the southern mountains of the peninsula Who was Homer, and what did he write?

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slide2

Mountains cover ______________ of Ancient Greece, leaving ____________________ of the land as farmable.

  • Indo-Europeans who settled in the southern mountains of the peninsula
  • Who was Homer, and what did he write?
  • Long Narrative poem that usually is about a hero
  • King of Gods
slide3

Greek City States were known as _______

  • ruled by a small group of noble, land-owning families.
  • ruled by a few powerful people
  • powerful leaders who gained support of common people after agreeing to set up building programs and provide jobs for their supporters.
  • Rule by the People
slide4

What did the Greek mountains do to their politics?

  • What did the Mild Greek Climate do to the Greek Political system?
  • What civilization represented the decline of Greek Culture?
  • German Archeologists that proved that the Trojan War was real
  • She is the Goddess of Wisdom
slide5

Trojan War information

    • When?
    • How Long?
    • Who Fought?
    • Who Won?
  • a city and it’s surrounding lands controlled by a strong government
  • Greek Market Place
  • a single person, KING, ruled the government
  • Fortified Hill top where politics was discussed
slide6

Spartan men served in the Army until the age of ___

  • From age ____ - ____ they lived in Army barracks and trained
  • Formation used by Spartan army (Shield to Shield, spear in other hand)
  • temple built to honor Athena
  • What did Greek sculptures illustrate?
slide7

What were the three goals of Pericles’ for Athens

  • What were Greek Classical art values?
  • serious drama about love, hate, war or betrayal
  • filled with slapstick situations and crude humor- usually made fun of politics and respected people
  • Peloponnesian War
    • When was it fought
    • Spartan Strength
    • Athens Strength
    • Who Won
slide8

He Believed in questioning everything, self-examination of values and actions

  • He was a student of Socrates, and he wrote the book The Republic
  • Student of Plato, invented rules of arguing that form the basis of the scientific method. He also taught Alexander the Great
  • Phillip II
    • King at _______ age
    • Turned ___________________ into strong Military
  • Alexander
    • Son of _____________
    • Took over Empire at what age ________
slide9

What happened when Alexander arrived in Egypt?

  • Who was the King of the Persian Empire?
  • Where did Alexander establish his capital?
  • How long was Alexander at war when he expanded his Empire? How many Miles did they travel?
  • Greek blended with Egyptian, Persian, Indian culture
slide10

What 3 seas linked Greece together?

  • What did Aristarchus prove
  • What did Euclid create the basis for?
  • Archimedes accomplishments (List 2)
  • How did Sculptors move towards during the Hellenistic Culture
slide11

Who is the god of War?

  • Hephaestus is the god of ______________.
  • Apollo is the God of prophecy, ________________ , and healing.
  • Poseidon is the god of what?
  • Hermes is considered the messenger of ________________.
slide12

¾ & ¼

  • Mycenaeans
  • Blind Story teller who wrote the Iliad and Odyssey
  • Epics
  • Zeus
  • Polis
  • Aristocracy
  • Oligarchy
  • Tyrants
  • Athenian Democracy
slide13

Made Greece break into small local governments, prevented them from ever uniting

  • It made them open to the Public
  • Dorians
  • Heinrich Schliemann:
  • Athena
  • 1200’sBC, 10 Years, Spartans & Troy, Spartan Army Won
  • City State:
  • Agora
  • Monarchy
  • Acropolis:
slide14

60

  • 7-30
  • Phalanx
  • Parthenon
  • Perfection, Ideal perspective
  • 1. Strengthen democracy 2. Hold Athenian Empire 3. Glorifying Athens
  • Values Harmony, order, balance, proportion and beauty
  • Tragedy
  • Comedy
  • 431 BC, Spartan (Army) Athens (Navy) Sparta Wins
slide15

Socrates

  • Plato
  • Aristotle
  • 23, Peasants
  • Philip II, 20
  • They appointed him as pharaoh
  • Darius
  • Egypt
  • 11 Years, 11,000 miles
  • Hellenistic Culture
slide16

Ionian, Aegean, and Mediterranean

  • sun is larger than Earth
  • Geometry
  • He accurately estimated the value of pi (p). He explained the law of the lever. He invented the Archimedes screw. He invented the compound pulley for lifting objects.
  • Realism, sculpting more realistic
  • Ares
  • Fire
  • Music
  • Sea/Water
  • Zeus