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Announcements. Exam next Monday – all the usual policies apply Matt’s review session will be Wednesday evening instead of tonight 7:00 pm in J 112 For those doing extra credit, it must cover 1 Kings 21 through the end of 2 Kings 2 Chronicles 18 through the end of 2 Chronicles.

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announcements
Announcements
  • Exam next Monday – all the usual policies apply
  • Matt’s review session will be Wednesday evening instead of tonight
    • 7:00 pm in J 112
  • For those doing extra credit, it must cover
    • 1 Kings 21 through the end of 2 Kings
    • 2 Chronicles 18 through the end of 2 Chronicles
oseh shalom job 25 2b
Oseh Shalom (Job 25:2b)
  • O-SEH SHALOM BIMROMAV
  • The One Who Makes peace in His heights
  • HU YA’ASEH SHALOM ALENU
  • He will make peace for us
  • VE’AL KOL ISRAEL
  • And for all Israel
  • VE’IMRU IMRU AMEN
  • And say say Amen!
  • YA’ASEH SHALOM, YA’ASEH SHALOM
  • SHALOM ALENU VE’AL KOL ISRAEL (4 times)
review and preview
Review and Preview
  • The people have been called by God
  • They have the Torah as the statement of the covenant
  • They were in the Land for ca. 800 years
  • They had the monarchy and the covenant with David
  • The Temple had been indicative of God’s presence with them
  • Because of disobedience, they lost the Land and the Temple
  • The prophetic material is timely, calling for both national and personal reformation
  • Here is a rabbinic proverb for us:
  • The one who studies and forgets is like a woman who gives birth to a child and buries it.
introductory issues
Introductory Issues

Definitions of prophecy (II Peter 1:19-21)

  • God’s communication to humankind through human beings
  • “carried along by the Holy Spirit” [implications]

Torah, history, and prophecy [the rabbinic proverb]

  • Covenant enforcement mediators – calling God’s people back to the covenant (remember Lev 26; Deut 4 and 28-32)
  • Critical periods
    • Elijah and Elisha confronted Baal
    • The immanent fall of the northern kingdom
    • Sennacherib’s threat to Judah and Jerusalem
    • The fall of the south, the destruction of the Temple, and the exile
    • The return from exile and rebuilding the Temple
categories of prophets
Categories of prophets
  • Former (early) prophets (in Judges, Samuel, Kings and Chronicles)
    • Who were some of these individuals?
    • In what contexts did they appear?
  • Writing prophets
    • Four major prophets
    • Twelve minor prophets
recipients of prophetic messages
Recipients of Prophetic Messages
  • Israel – Hosea and Amos
  • Judah before the fall of the north and later the south – Isaiah, Micah, Habakkuk, Jeremiah (Lamentations), Joel, Zephaniah
  • Exile – Ezekiel (before and during fall of Jerusalem) and Daniel
  • Return – Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
  • Assyria – Jonah and Nahum
  • Edom – Obadiah
  • The major prophets also have sections pronouncing doom on foreign nations
the person of the prophet
The Person of the Prophet
  • Titles
    • “man of God”
    • “seer”
    • “prophet” (navi)
    • “servant of the Lord”
  • Authority of the Call – Isaiah 6; Jeremiah 1; Ezekiel 1-3; Amos 7:12-15
    • God’s personal intervention
    • Prepared for unpopular reception
  • The prophetic test (or “when is a prophet not a prophet of the Lord?”) – Deut 13:1-3; 18:20-2
the message of the prophets
The Message of the Prophets
  • Prophetic “media”
    • Visions and dreams
    • Symbolic actions
    • oracles
  • Characteristic features of prophetic preaching
    • Emphasis on the sovereignty of God
    • Judgment on sin and unbelief
    • Encouragement for the faithful in difficult times
    • The messianic hope and the kingdom of God
      • Kingly reigning Messiah
      • Suffering Servant