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GRAMMAR . Conjunctions and Interjections. conjunction.

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grammar

GRAMMAR

Conjunctions and Interjections

conjunction
conjunction
  • A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb). Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank. There are two kinds: simple and correlative. Subordinate conjunctions join dependent clauses to independent clauses. I will refer to them simply as co-ordinate, correlative, and subordinate.
conjunction1
conjunction
  • The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)
  • The correlative conjunctions are always in pairs. They are either-or, neither-nor, both-and, not only-but also, and whether-or.
conjunction2
conjunction
  • Some common subordinate conjunctions are after, although, as, as if, because, before, if, since, so that, than, unless, until, when, where, while.
conjunction3
conjunction
  • Find the co-ordinate conjunctions which are joining words in the following sentences and the words that are joined.
  • 1. Jeff and I mowed all the lawns.
  • 2. Grandpa is a slow but strong person.
  • 3. Our guest will be Jeanne or Barbara.
  • 4. I did not like nor appreciate your actions.
conjunction4
conjunction
  • Answers
  • 1. and - joining Jeff/I
  • 2. but - joining slow/strong
  • 3. or - joining Jeanne/Barbara
  • 4. nor - joining like/appreciate
conjunction5
conjunction
  • A conjunction is a word that joins other words, phrases (groups of words), or clauses (groups of words with a subject and verb). Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank.
  • The co-ordinate conjunctions are the following: and, but, or, nor, for, and yet. (For and yet can only join clauses.)
conjunction6
conjunction
  • Find the co-ordinate conjunctions which are joining phrases in these sentences and the phrases that are joined.
  • 1. The girls ran up the path and over the hill.
  • 2. I became ill by eating the food and stuffing myself.
  • 3. Meet me by the fountain or near the train station.
conjunction7
conjunction
  • Answers
  • 1. and - joining up the path/over the hill
  • 2. and - joining eating the food/stuffing myself
  • 3. or - joining by the fountain/near the train station
conjunction8
conjunction
  • Co-ordinate conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank
  • Correlative conjunctions join words, phrases, or clauses of equal rank
conjunction9
conjunction
  • Find the co-ordinate conjunctions in these sentences and tell if they are joining words, phrases, or clauses.
  • 1. Will and I went to the game, but Jeff and Jim went swimming.
  • 2. I will go, but I will stay in the hotel or in the waiting room.
  • 3. The men work through the day and into the night.
conjunction10
conjunction
  • Answers
  • 1. and (words), but (clauses), and (words)
  • 2. but (clauses), or (phrases)
  • 3. and (phrases)
conjunction11
conjunction
  • Find the correlative conjunctions joining words in the following sentences.
  • 1. Either you or I will have to move.
  • 2. I like neither writing nor reading.
  • 3. Your work is both neat and accurate.
  • 4. The meal is not only delicious but also nutritious.
conjunction12
conjunction
  • Answers
  • 1. either-or
  • 2. neither-nor
  • 3. both-and
  • 4. not only-but also
interjections
Interjections
  • An interjection expresses an emotion. It might show excitement or surprise.
  • Wow! That is a giant pumpkin!
  • An interjection often appears at the beginning of a sentence. It is usually followed by an exclamation point or a comma.
interjections1
Interjections
  • Find the interjections in the following sentences
  • Ouch, you stepped on my toe!
  • Yippee! We won!
  • Whoa! Hold your horses!
  • Bravo, you did a great job!
interjections2
Interjections
  • Answers
  • Ouch
  • Yippee
  • Whoa
  • Bravo*