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Introduction to Psychological Skills Training. Introduction to Psychological Skills Training. What Is Psychological Skills Training (PST)?. PST Components. Arousal regulation Imagery Goal setting & self-monitoring Self-talk & confidence building Concentration & focus Time management*

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slide1

Introduction to Psychological Skills Training

Introduction to PsychologicalSkills Training

slide3

PST Components

Arousal regulation

Imagery

Goal setting & self-monitoring

Self-talk & confidence building

Concentration & focus

Time management*

Environmental structuring*

Help seeking*

slide4

Importance of Training in Psychological Skills

During the season, how long do you spend physicallytraining for competition?

___ Average time spent per day

During your season how long do you spend practicing psychological skillsfor competition?

___ Average time spent per day

(continued)

slide5

Importance of Psychological Skills…

How important do you think psychological or mental skills are to your performance and success?

(1 = Not important; 10 = Essential)

slide6

Why Are Psychological Skills Neglected?

Lack of info (coaches & players)

Misunderstandings about psychological skills (e.g., they can’t be learned)

Lack of time

slide9

During the past year,

did you (or do you intend to)…

slide11

PST Myths

PST is for “problem” athletes only.

1.

PST is for “elite” athletes only.

2.

PST provides “quick fix” solutions.

3.

PST is not useful.

4.

slide12

PST Knowledge Base

Research on elite athletes shows that most successful athletes differ from less successful ones because they have

better concentration,

higher confidence,

more task-oriented thoughts,

lower anxiety,

more positive thoughts and images,

and more determination or commitment.

slide13

PST Effectiveness

MP + PP = BP

Interventions must be:

slide14

Implementing PST Programs

Who should conduct PST?

When should you implement PST?

How long should training last?

slide15

Phases of PST

Assessment Phase

Education Phase

Acquisition Phase

Practice Phase

* Evaluation/feedback

slide17

Designing a PST Program

Discuss your approach.

Assess the athlete’s mental skills.

Determine which psychological skills to include.

Design a PST schedule.

Evaluate the program.

slide18

Characteristics of Effective and Ineffective Sport Psychology Consultants

Effective Consultants

were accessible and could establish rapport with athletes,

were flexible and knowledgeable enough to meet the needs of individual athletes,

were likeable and had something very concrete or practical to offer,

conducted several follow-up sessions with athletes throughout the season, and

were trustworthy and fit in with the team.

slide19

Characteristics of Effective and Ineffective Sport Psychology Consultants

Ineffective Consultants

had poor interpersonal skills,

lacked sensitivity to the needs of individual athletes,

lacked specific psychology knowledge to apply to the sport setting,

demonstrated inappropriate application of consulting skills at competitions, and

relied on a “canned” approach when implementing psychological skills.

slide20

Striving for Excellence & Beyond

  • Making striving explicit in most cognitive and behavioral activities
  • APA ethics / mission of psychologists