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Fahrenheit 451. What Will The Future Look Like? . Clothing in the Year 2000! Kitchen of the Year 2000 Computer of the Future!. What DOES the Future Look Like? . The Future Is Now! . I. Utopia vs. Dystopia. A. Utopia 1. First example is in Plato’s Republic (300 B.C.)

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what will the future look like
What Will The Future Look Like?

Clothing in the Year 2000!

Kitchen of the Year 2000

Computer of the Future!

i utopia vs dystopia
I. Utopia vs. Dystopia

A. Utopia

1. First example is in Plato’s Republic (300 B.C.)

a. Ideal world led by “philosopher king” who sees things for as they truly are

b. No private goods, no families, militaristic government

2. Has since become a broader term for an ideal or perfect type of society.

3. The word “utopia” has two contradictory meanings, depending on translation.

a. “Good Place”

b. “No Place”

Why is this ironically appropriate?

i utopia vs dystopia cont
I. Utopia vs. Dystopia (cont.)

B. Dystopia

1. Translates to “bad” or “difficult” place

2. A type of paradox – dystopias are worlds that in their efforts to become utopian become corrupt or evil

3. Dystopian literature has grown into a popular literary genre, usually science fiction or fantasy

ii ray bradbury
II. Ray Bradbury
  • 1920 – 2012
  • Modernist Luddite – fears technology and its effects on society
    • On Technology, he said: “We have too many cell phones. We’ve got too many Internets. We have got to get rid of those machines. We have too many machines now.”
  • Self-titled “Christian Positivist Buddhist” – believes in a God and a morality based around love.

1. On his religion, he said: “I love you and I forgive you. I am like you and you are like me. I love all people. I love the world. I love creating. ... Everything in our life should be based on love.”

ii ray bradbury cont
II. Ray Bradbury (cont.)

D. Bibliophile: lover of books.

1. On literature: “Without libraries, what have we? We have no past and we have no future…You don’t have to burn books to destroy a culture. Just get people to stop reading them.”

E. A type of prophet – Bradbury correctly predicted many technological and cultural changes in America decades before they happened.

1. On his ability to predict the future: “I don’t try to describe the future. I try to prevent it.”

a few more quotations
A Few More Quotations:
  • Every morning I jump out of bed and step on a landmine. The landmine is me. After the explosion, I spent the rest of the day putting the pieces together.
  • We are cups, constantly and quietly being filled. The trick is, knowing how to tip ourselves over and let the beautiful stuff out.
  • We are the miracle of force and matter making itself over into imagination and will. Incredible. The Life Force experimenting with forms. You for one. Me for another. The Universe has shouted itself alive. We are one of the shouts.
iii themes in fahrenheit 451
III. Themes in Fahrenheit 451
  • The dangers of censorship
    • Written in 1953, Bradbury reflects on the book burning of the nazi regime
    • As a bibliophile, Bradbury fears a world where knowledge can be banned

Ironically, Bradbury’s text was once censored!

iii themes cont
III. Themes (cont.)

B. Over-abundance of technology causes alienation and depression

1. Characters made unaware of their own unhappiness

2. Media saturation (the “parlor,” the “seashells”) numbs characters to their own feelings, ambitions, and families

How do characters reveal their unhappiness, and how does the dystopian society make them feel “better?”

iv clarisse
IV. Clarisse
  • The catalyst for Guy’s conversion – a mysterious, dreamlike figure
  • Character linked to images of nature – a contrast to images of machinery and technology
  • Her question, “Are you happy?” Most important question of novel.

For Bradbury, what does it mean to be “Happy?”

v fire as a paradoxical symbol
V. Fire As A Paradoxical Symbol
  • Fire: both a source of destruction and of life.
  • Early in the novel, fire destroys knowledge, promotes ignorance
  • Midway through the novel, fire is a weapon against society
  • By the novel’s conclusion, it is a symbol of warmth and life
  • Guy = Phoenix

The only thing I would hunt at Loyola would be spicy buff.

bradbury s point
Bradbury’s Point
  • Life in the modern era, like literature, is full of contradiction, challenge, and paradox. We suffer by ignoring this.
  • He portrays a nightmarish future in order to warn against consequences of current social evils
  • The author challenges the reader to ask important questions, reflect on the world around them, and be strong enough to act when you know what’s right.
  • Technology Today