INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY. Qurat-ul-aain Lecturer BZU Lahore campus. Objectives. To understand: psychology various felids of Psychology Perspectives in Psychology History of Psychology Modern perspectives Application of Psychology in the real world. What is PSYCHOLOGY?.
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BZU Lahore campus
Anything that you do, think and feel
Yes Psychology is a Science.
Because of its empirical methods, structured approaches, observations and experimentations.
Search for the various modern fields of psychology and note down two of them that interest you.. Report the reason.
- Record your thought
-Map out the thought processes
-Did not work out well but inspired others
“Breaking down mental processes into the most basic components”
“Concerned with what the mind does-the functions of mental activity-and the role of behavior in allowing people to adapt to their environment.”
“Gestalt psychology is a school of thought that looks at the human mind and behavior as a whole”
-Kurt Koffka and
-Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
behavior is motivated by unconscious inner forces over which the individual has little control.
2. The psychoanalytic perspective
The psychoanalytic perspective originated with the work of Sigmund Freud. This perspective emphasizes the role of the unconscious mind, early childhood experiences, and interpersonal relationships to explain human behavior and to treat people suffering from mental illnesses.
Behavioral psychology is a perspective that focuses on learned behaviors. Today, the behavioral perspective is still concerned with how behaviors are learned and reinforced.
During the 1950s, a school of thought known as humanistic psychologyemerged.
Influenced greatly by the work of prominent humanists such as Carl Rogersand Abraham Maslow, this perspective emphasizes the role of motivation on thought and behavior.
The sociocultural perspective maintains that behavior and mental processes are shaped not only by prior learning experiences (the behavioral perspective) or intra-psychic forces (for instance, the unconscious) but also by the social or cultural context.