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THE CONCORDAT OF 1801. Napoleon was not personally religious He used religion to suit his own purposes He was really an enlightenment thinking rationalist - thought religion was mumbo jumbo

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the concordat of 1801
THE CONCORDAT OF 1801
  • Napoleon was not personally religious
  • He used religion to suit his own

purposes

  • He was really an enlightenment thinking rationalist - thought religion was mumbo jumbo
  • Made peace with the Catholic church becomes it would make people in France happy and make his government more stable
  • The Concordat of 1801 = peace treaty between the Pope and Napoleon
a new code of laws
A NEW CODE OF LAWS
  • The Civil Code = the Code

Napoleon

  • A new unified set laws for France
  • Maintained the equality of all citizens in the eyes of the law
  • Religious toleration
  • Abolition of serfdom and feudalism
  • Protection of private property rights
  • Under the law women less equal than men
  • Napoleon’s new set of laws was based on enlightenment thinking = reason and logic
the napoleonic bureaucracy
THE NAPOLEONIC BUREAUCRACY
  • Creates a powerful centralized system of government
  • Prefects = local government officials appointed by Napoleon and the central/national govt
  • Creates a efficient system of taxation and professional system of tax collection
  • Bureaucracy = government officials and employees - under Napoleon government careers and promotions were based on skills and merit not on social rank or status
  • Creates a new aristocracy based on skills, expertise, and talent
  • Used government censorship to maintain his control over people
  • Used a network of spies and secret police to control and crush his opponents
napoleon s empire and the european response
NAPOLEON’S EMPIRE AND THE EUROPEAN RESPONSE
  • The Peace of Amiens 1802
  • 1803 - the creation of the Third Coalition against France and Napoleon
  • Ulm, Austerlitz, Jena, Eylau = major military battles that Napoleon won
  • Napoleon’s Grand Army defeats all the nations fighting against France except Britain
napoleon s grand empire
NAPOLEON’S GRAND EMPIRE
  • The French Empire = an expanded France
  • Dependent States = countries that Napoleon conquers then directly controls
  • Allied States = countries that Napoleon defeats and then forces them to be allies with France

Napoleon has conquered all of Europe –

Britain is the only country left independent

problems great britain and nationalism
PROBLEMS = GREAT BRITAIN AND NATIONALISM
  • The two major reasons for Napoleon’s defeat and downfall
  • Great Britain
  • Nationalism = people in other countries didn’t want to be ruled by the French they wanted to be ruled by their own people
the battle of trafalgar 1806
THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR 1806

Epic naval battle – British navy

commanded by Lord Horatio

Nelson destroys the combined

French and Spanish fleets

Trafalgar establishes Britain as the

greatest naval power on earth for the

next two centuries

the continental system 1806
THE CONTINENTAL SYSTEM 1806
  • Napoleon organizes an economic boycott of British goods
  • Continental Europe not allowed to trade with Britain
  • Economic warfare
  • Fails! -> Russia withdraws-> Napoleon plans invasion of Russia
the fall of napoleon
THE FALL OF NAPOLEON
  • 1812 - Napoleon leads 600,000 men in an invasion of Russia
  • Borodino - the major battle of the Russian campaign
  • Tsar Alexander I of Russia refuses to surrender or be beaten
  • Why Napoleon’s invasion of Russia fails -

1. Geography = too far

2. Weather = the brutal Russian winter

  • The Battle of Leipzig = “the Battle of Nations” - Napoleon is beaten by the armies of the 4th Coalition

Britain

Russia

Austria

Prussia

  • After this Napoleon is forced to step down as emperor of France and he is sent into exile to the small island of Elba in the Med.
  • The Bourbon monarchy is restored in France - King Louis XVI’s brother become Louis XVIII
the 100 days
THE 100 DAYS
  • 1815 - Napoleon escapes from Elba and returns to France
  • The Hundred Days = the period between when Napoleon escapes from Elba and when he is again defeated for the final time at the Battle of Waterloo in Belgium
  • Following Waterloo is sent into a heavily guarded exile to a tiny desolate speck of an island way in the middle of nowhere in South Atlantic Ocean

Duke of Wellington – British

commander who defeated Napoleon

at Waterloo in June 1815

the final days of napoleon
The Final Days of Napoleon

Imprisoned on the island of St. Helena in the middle of the empty South Atlantic

After 6 years of exile and imprisonment the Empereur dies of stomach cancer

Napoleon sur son lit de mort = Napoleon on his

death bed