Immigration and Urbanization 1880-1920. Use the notes page and fill in the blanks as you read!. A New Wave of Immigration. 8.12.7. The Big Idea A new wave of immigration in the late 1800s brought large numbers of immigrants to the United States. Main Ideas
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Use the notes page and fill in the blanks as you read!
Immigrants faced a difficult journey, usually traveling in steerage: the area below the ship’s deck.
New arrivals had to go to immigration processing centers run by state and local governments.
Ellis Island in New York opened in 1892; millions of immigrants came through its center over the next 40 years.
Officials in processing centers interviewed immigrants to determine whether to let them enter the country. Immigrants had to pass medical, mental and legal exams.
They could hear their own language, eat familiar foods, and keep their customs.
Business owners often helped new arrivals by offering loans.
Many immigrants lived in tenements—poorly built, overcrowded apartments.Settling in Neighborhoods
Had to take low-paying, unskilled jobs in garment or steel factories and construction
Some worked long hours for little pay in small shops or mills called sweatshops.
Immigrants with appropriate skills sometimes found work in a wide range of occupations.
Others saved, shared, or borrowed money to open small businesses.
Some Mexican immigrants worked on large commercial farms in Arizona, Texas, and California.Immigrant Workers
Some unions feared immigrants would take their jobs.
Americans called nativists held racial and ethnic prejudices.
Thought immigrants’ poverty and presumed lack of education might harm American society
Some were violent toward immigrants.
Some nativists worked to pass laws limiting immigration.
Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882.
Nativists in Boston founded the Immigration Restriction League in 1894.Main Idea 2: Some Americans opposed immigration and tried to pass restrictions against it.
About 40 percent of Americans lived in urban areas by 1900.
Some city residents were businesspeople and skilled workers; many more were poor laborers.
African Americans from the South began moving to northern cities to find better economic opportunities in the 1890s.Main Idea 1: New technology and ideas were developed to deal with the growth of urban areas.
Disease and health problems
Caused by overcrowding and lack of sanitation
Fire and crime
Help from city governments was limited by lack of funds or internal corruption.Main Idea 2:The rapid growth of cities created a variety of urban problems.