Multicultural Literature. Monday, October 8th Turn in articles & Essay materials Speaker Go to book room and pick up Zora Neale Hurston’s “Their eyes were watching God .”. REMEMBER! Due Next Class!. Read the first chapter of “Their eyes were watching God.”
Monday, October 8th
Wednesday, October 10th
Friday, September 28th
Despite the novel's 1937 publication, Hurston struggled with money for years.
When black identity was reborn in Harlem, N.Y., and found expression in music, literature, art, theater and politics between 1900s-1930s.
The Harlem Renaissance, known also as the New Negro Movement and the Negro Renaissance, was an important cultural manifestation of the mid-twenties and thirties.
Between 1910 and 1920, there was a huge migration of blacks from the south to some of the great cities in the north, including Washington D.C., New York city and Chicago.
Music: Duke Ellington’s “Take the ‘A’ Train.”
Jazz music found a home; black music that resonated in the hearts of whites as well. Clubs sprang up - the famous Cotton
Club and the Lenox Lounge, among others.
Music: Every Tub
By Count Basie and his Orchestra.
Harlem became the capital of black America. It came to be known as the new “Mecca” for African-Americans. The seeds of a new Black Identity were sown with the growth of music, art, theater and literature in Harlem.
Music: Shout and Feel It –by Count Basie and his Orchestra.
Music: “Take The ‘A’ Train -Duke Ellington
Two important Civil Rights groups started in Harlem: the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) and the National Urban League, founded in 1911 to help new arrivals from the rural south.Harlem: The magnet that attracted creative minds.
Langston Hughes wrote novels, short stories and plays, as well as poetry, and worked with jazz artists in shaping his own poetry.
Fletcher Henderson’s “Tidal Wave.”Langston Hughes:The Poet Laureate of the Harlem Renaissance
I've known rivers ancient as the world and older than the flow of human blood in human veins.
My soul has grown deep like the rivers.
I bathed in the Euphrates when dawns were young.
I built my hut near the Congo and it lulled me to sleep.
I looked upon the Nile and raised the pyramids above.
I heard the singing of the Mississippi when Abe Lincoln went down to new Orleans, and I've seen its muddy bosom turn all golden in the sunset.
I've known rivers:
Ancient, dusky rivers.
My soul has grown deep like the rivers.
Song: Introduction to Strange Fruit – Billie HolidayThe Negro Speaks of Rivers ~Langston Hughes
Song:Lost Your Head Blues – Bessie Smith
Zora Neale Hurston – one of Harlem’s most flamboyant and brilliant writers. Alice Walker called her “A genius of the South.”
in 1925 and in 1989
(1898-1979)Window Cleaning1935, oil on canvas30 by 24 in.Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery
Garden, University of Nebraska-Lincoln,Nebraska Art Association Collection1936.N-40
Pool Parlor, 1942Jacob Lawrence (American, 1917–2000)Watercolor and gouache on paper; H. 31 1/8, W. 22 7/8 in. (79.1 x 58.1 cm)Arthur Hoppock Hearn Fund, 1942 (42.167)
EleanoraFagan Holiday – “Billie” - was one of the greatest jazz vocalists of all time. “Strange Fruit,” an eerie and evocative song about the lynching of a black man is one of her most famous songs.
“Before anybody could compare me with other singers, they were comparing other singers to me.” – Billie Holiday
“My favorite tune?
The next one.
The one I’m writing tonight
The new baby is always the favorite.” Duke Ellington
Count Basie, big band composer, arranger and bandleader.
Fletcher Henderson, big band composer, arranger and bandleader.
Coleman Hawkins, who played tenor saxophone in Fletcher Henderson’s Orchestra.
Music: Count Basie – Shout and Feel It
Bessie Smith, originally a
street musician in
recorded and performed with
the Fletcher Henderson
Louis Armstrong, originally from New Orleans, played in NYC with Fletcher Henderson for thirteen months and shot into national fame in the 1920s.
Song: Lost Your Head Blues – Bessie Smith
Lost Your Head Blues
Sung by Bessie Smith,
“Empress of the Blues.”